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一起听英语 190 俄罗斯的最新禁烟令

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2018年08月10日

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吸烟有害健康,俄罗斯发布最新禁烟令....

Rob: Hello, I'm Rob, welcome to 6 Minute English. With me in the studio today is Feifei.

Hello Feifei.

Feifei: Hi Rob.

Rob: In today's programme we're discussing something that some people enjoy, some

people can't stop doing and others just find disgusting. I am of course talking about

smoking. In several countries, including the UK, there is a smoking ban in public

places – in other words it's against the law to smoke in places such as railway

stations and cafes. And it's soon to be banned in a country where smoking is a

popular habit. Today we'll be looking at words and phrases to do with smoking but,

as usual, we need to start with a question and this is for you to answer Feifei.

Feifei: OK.

Rob: According to figures from the World Lung Foundation, the people of which country

consume the most cigarettes per person?

a) China

b) Estonia

c) Serbia

Feifei: I think I'll go for answer a, China.

Rob: Ok, well let's find out if you are right at the end of the programme. We are talking

about smoking cigarettes today. I think many of us know about the health risks of

lighting up – that's another way of saying smoking a cigarette.

Feifei: Yes. The World Health Organisation says smoking eventually kills half the people that

do it. So it's no surprise that we hear about more smoking bans being implemented –

or put in place.

6 Minute English © bbclearningenglish.com 2013

Page 2 of 4

Rob: But despite this, the consumption of tobacco products – like cigarettes – is increasing

around the world. But there is some hope for people in Russia – that's where a new

ban on smoking in public places is to be introduced.

Feifei: It's quite surprising isn't it, because many people in Russia like to smoke a lot.

Rob: We could say they 'smoke like chimneys' - meaning they smoke all the time! Let's

hear more about the new legislation – or law- from BBC correspondent, Joshua

Rozenberg. How does he describe the action of people smoking?

BBC correspondent, Joshua Rozenberg:

I'm standing outside a train station in Moscow. By the entrance here there are several people

puffing away on cigarettes. But from June 1st that will be illegal. Under the new anti-smoking law

signed by President Putin, smoking will be banned within 15 metres of entrances to railway stations,

airports and ports; it will be illegal to smoke at educational establishments, town halls, government

offices and in the parliament. Also in the lobbies of apartment blocks, on beaches and on children's

playgrounds. And from June 2014 this ban will be extended to include hotels, restaurants, bars and

cafes, and trains and ships.

Rob: That's Joshua Rozenberg describing people 'puffing away' on cigarettes – an informal

way of saying they're smoking. But those people won't be able to puff away for much

longer.

Feifei: No. From June they will have to stub out – or put out their lit cigarettes because it

will be illegal – against the law – to smoke within 15 metres of certain public places.

These are places that everybody uses, like airports, town halls and educational

establishments – that means schools, colleges and universities. And we heard that

next year the ban will be extended – so made wider to include other places such as

in hotels and bars.

Rob: It's quite a significant change in the law but the government wants to make reducing

smoking one of the cornerstones of its bid to improve public health. That means they

want to make it the main thing that improving health will depend on.

Feifei: That's right, but it will be difficult to implement because so many Russians are

addicted to smoking – they just can't stop doing it even if they want to. Will they

take notice of the new law?

6 Minute English © bbclearningenglish.com 2013

Page 3 of 4

Rob: Well there's an idiom that says 'put that in your pipe and smoke it', meaning just

accept it! Anyway, let's hear more from the BBC's Joshua Rozenberg. Can you work

out what might encourage smokers to give up – or quit?

BBC correspondent, Joshua Rozenberg:

The legislation will affect a huge number of people. Russia has one of the highest smoking rates in

the world - an estimated 44 million Russians are addicted - that's nearly one third of the population.

It's unclear whether the new law will reduce those figures. Much will depend on the price of

cigarettes - right now they're incredibly cheap - most of the packs in the tobacco kiosk outside this

station are selling for the equivalent of one and a half dollars.

Feifei: So incredibly, a third of people in Russia are addicted to smoking. That's a lot of

people who will need to control their cravings – or their uncontrollable need to

smoke - when they're out and about.

Rob: But it will be hard to extinguish – or put out - their cigarettes because they are

incredibly cheap to buy. You can buy a pack from a kiosk – which is a very small

shop selling small items – for less than one and a half dollars. So to help people stop

smoking, prices need to rise.

Feifei: Well the government is planning to introduce a minimum retail price – that's a price

below which cigarettes cannot be sold. That may discourage people from smoking.

Rob: If not, we could say the government's plans will have gone up in smoke – in other

words, it will be wasted. But one thing that will not go up in smoke is today's

question.

Feifei: Oh dear!

Rob: Earlier, Feifei, I asked you: according to figures from the World Lung Foundation, the

people of which country smoke the most cigarettes each year?

Feifei: And I said China.

Rob: And you were wrong. The answer was Serbia . 2,861 cigarettes per person are

smoked each year. Well, we're out of time. Let's stub out this programme for today.

Please join us again soon for 6 Minute English from bbclearningenglish.

Both: Bye.

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