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一起听英语 252 巴西的音乐

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2018年10月11日

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今天罗伯和格蕾斯讨论的话题是巴西的音乐....

Rob: Hello I’m Rob. Welcome to 6 Minute English. And today we're going to talk

about…

Monica Vasconcelos, Brazilian singer:

(Samba beat sounds)

Rob: …Brazilian music! Ah… the samba…! And I'm joined today by Grace, from

Brazil. Hi Grace.

Grace: Hi Rob. Can you sing well? Or do you usually sing, let's say, out of tune

like me?

Rob: Out of tune, so you mean singing or playing notes that are at the wrong

pitch. Yes, I definitely sing out of tune.

Grace: Well, that was the voice of the Brazilian recording artist Monica

Vasconcelos.

Rob: A recording artist – so that’s a singer or musician who creates and

releases music either through a record label or independently. She does

indeed have a very beautiful voice.

Grace: And she sings many types of music including samba, jazz and bossa nova.

Talking about bossa nova, Rob, I have a question for you.

Rob: OK.

Grace: One of the most famous bossa nova tunes is 'The Girl from Ipanema'. It

was composed by Antonio Carlos Jobim and Vinicius de Moraes. Do you

know the song, Rob?

Rob: I know it very well. Even Frank Sinatra recorded it, didn't he?

Grace: Yes. So when was the song 'The Girl from Ipanema' recorded

commercially for the first time? Was it…

a) in 1955

b) in 1962

c) or in 1969

Rob: OK, well, I know it's quite old so I'm going to go for 1962. You know, I've

always wanted to know more about the bossa nova. How different is it

from the famous Brazilian samba music?

6 Minute English ©British Broadcasting Corporation 2014

Page 2 of 4

bbclearningenglish.com

Grace: Let's listen to the expert, Monica Vasconcelos. Which two words does she

use to compare these musical styles?

Monica Vasconcelos, Brazilian singer:

Samba is very energetic and full of life… and bossa nova is… It's a little smoother; it's

more understated. Bossa is a combination of complex harmonies, coming from…

particularly Europe and this very cool bossa groove that comes from samba. In addition

to that, you have some particular themes: the sea, love… The bossa nova composers,

they were into beauty.

Rob: So smoother – that means calmer – and understated, meaning more

controlled, more discreet.

Grace: And it's easy to understand the themes of these songs…

Rob: Yes, she says the composers – the writers – of bossa nova were into

beauty – to be into something means to be interested in something. They

were interested in the beautiful things in life.

Grace: The lyrics – the words of the songs – were about boats sailing away, a

beautiful woman walking by the beach…

Rob: A beautiful view and beautiful lyrics. And bossa nova has a very special

kind of groove, meaning the feel and style of the music – and the bossa

nova groove is cool, funky and smooth! And what about rock and pop

music – do Brazilians like these music styles?

Grace: Yes, we do like rock and pop, but a common complaint is that our radio

stations play too many songs from Britain and America. Monica explains.

What phrase does she use to describe the effect of globalisation on local

music?

Monica Vasconcelos, Brazilian singer:

You take a traditional rock rhythm… and then take a samba groove… The first example is

simpler, so what happens in the process of globalisation where you have rock and pop

coming into different markets all over the world… you have a flattening of the local

grooves which may be a bit more complex, so the simpler ideas end up taking over.

Rob: Monica talks about a flattening of the local grooves – a simplifying of

more complex local music that has happened as a result of rock and pop

influence coming in through globalisation.

Grace: I know you like travelling a lot, Rob. Would you like to go abroad and find

only the very same things you have here in Britain?

Rob: Absolutely not! No! Travelling is all about discovering, hearing local music,

discovering local foods – things that are different from things that are

back at home.

6 Minute English ©British Broadcasting Corporation 2014

Page 3 of 4

bbclearningenglish.com

Grace: Well, now let's see how much you know about bossa nova. I asked when

the song 'The Girl from Ipanema' was recorded commercially for the first

time? The options were: 1955, 1962 and 1969.

Rob: And I had a guess and said 1962.

Grace: Oh you got it right, Rob! Yeah, you got it right! The first commercial

recording of 'The Girl from Ipanema' was by Brazilian singer Pery Ribeiro.

Rob: Well, I love talking about music and other cultures but our time is running

out.

Grace: So let's recall the words we heard today.

Rob: Yes, we heard:

out of tune

recording artist

smoother

understated

groove

to be into

lyrics

flattened

Grace: Thanks, Rob. And as we've been talking about music, shall we say

goodbye in the rhythm of samba?

Rob: OK, let's give it a try. Please join us again soon for 6 Minute English from

BBC Learning English.

Monica Vasconcelos, Brazilian singer:

(Samba beat sounds)

Rob: You're doing it better than me!

Both: Bye

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