行业英语 学英语,练听力,上听力课堂! 注册 登录
> 行业英语 > 金融英语 > 金融时报原文阅读 >  第280课

百岁老人压力大

所属教程:金融时报原文阅读

浏览:

qinting

2020年06月30日

手机版
扫描二维码方便学习和分享

百岁老人压力大

根据官方统计数据,未来20年内英国百岁老人的数量会再次翻两番。

测试中可能遇到的词汇和知识:

quadruple成为四倍['kwɒdrʊp(ə)l]

ageing population人口老龄化

socio-economic社会经济的

cutback削减;情节倒叙['kʌtbæk]

constrained被强迫的;不舒服的[kən'streɪnd]

mortality死亡率;必死性[mɔː'tælɪtɪ]

British people living over 100 quadruples(483words) By Gemma Tetlow

The number of people in Britain reaching the age of 100 has quadrupled in the past 30 years and is likely to quadruple again by 2035,according to official statistics.

The rapid growth in the number of centenarians reflects advances in medicine and improvements in nutrition and living conditions earlier in the 20th century,which have boosted life expectancy.

Between 1985 and last year the number of people over 100 years old rose from 3,420 to 14,570,according to new figures from the Office for National Statistics. By 2035,there will be 57,586.

Britain’s ageing population is putting growing pressure on the public purse in terms of health and social care spending.

But“the problem is not the rapidly ageing population per se,”said David Eaton of the International Longevity Centre UK,a think-tank that focuses on demographic change.“It is that healthy life expectancy is not keeping up”.

One way of supporting an ageing population is for people to work longer. But this is only possible if workers remain in sufficiently good health. In recent years,total life expectancy at age 65 has increased more rapidly than healthy life expectancy,particularly for men.

Andrew Scott and Lynda Gratton of the London Business School recently explored what“The 100-Year Life”might mean in a book.“The idea that we are living longer on average and are healthier for longer on average has to be good news”said Prof Scott. But,he added,the“on average”is important.

Not everyone has benefited from improvements in life expectancy in recent years. Life expectancy always has been lower for people living in poorer areas and from lower socio-economic groups.

The gap between the life expectancies of the longest and shortest lived has also increased recently — for the first time since 1879,according to a report published earlier this year by researchers at Cass Business School.

For those who do not have the skills or resources necessary to construct the type of multi-stage working career that Prof Scott said will be needed,life could turn out to be“nasty,brutish and long”.“The big issue for government is how to tackle that inequality,”said Prof Scott.

In the short term,the rapidly rising number of very old people will increase demands on health and social care services at a time when public spending is constrained. There are concerns that cutbacks in spending may have contributed to the rise in mortality that occurred last year.

Housing is also an important issue. Too many elderly people live in unsuitable properties,with too many stairs,without appropriate adaptations and — in some cases — with more rooms than they need. Though the focus of recent government policy has been on first-time buyers,“last-time buyers”may be just as important.

“We would see an immediate decrease in pressures on health and social care if people lived in suitable housing,”said Mr Eaton.

1.Which one is not mentioned as the reason of centenarians’rapid growth?

A. scientific genetic modification

B. advances in medicine

C. improvements in nutrition

D. living conditions earlier

答案(1)

2.What is the real problem of Britain’s ageing population as David(think-tank) said?

A. health and social care spending

B. rapid growth in the number of centenarian

C. healthy life expectancy is not keeping up

D. optimistic mentality is not keeping up

答案(2)

3.What is the key point to increase retirement age?

A. psychologic status

B. physical condition

C. financial burden

D. the quantity of children

答案(3)

4.Which one is not right for ageing population issue?

A. Housing is also an important issue.

B. It can relieve the pressure if people live in the house with more rooms than they need.

C. One way of supporting an ageing population is for people to work longer.

D. Not everyone has benefited from improvements in life expectancy in recent years.

答案(4)

(1) 答案:A.scientific genetic modification

解释:文章并没有提到科学的基因改造。

(2) 答案:C.healthy life expectancy is not keeping up

解释:英国智库的David表示,问题不在人口迅速老龄化本身,而是健康预期寿命没有跟上。

(3) 答案:B.physical condition

解释:能够缓解老龄化的方法之一是提高退休年龄,但这个想法只有工人身体条件良好的情况才可以考虑。

(4) 答案:B.It can relieve the pressure if people live in the house with more rooms than they need.

解释:住在合适的住房才会减少对健康和社会关怀的压力,并不是占用过多的房间。

内容来自 听力课堂网:http://www.tingclass.net/show-10253-464135-1.html
用手机学英语,请加听力课堂微信公众号:tingclass123
用户搜索

疯狂英语 英语语法 新概念英语 走遍美国 四级听力 英语音标 英语入门 发音 美语 四级 新东方 七年级 赖世雄 zero是什么意思

  • 频道推荐
  • |
  • 全站推荐
  • 广播听力
  • |
  • 推荐下载
  • 网站推荐