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LECTURE 4 基本动词 BRING 1

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2020年05月20日

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LECTURE 4 基本动词 BRING 1

词组讲解

1. bring home the bacon *赚生活费,赚钱养家

解 俚语;词义溯源:给[家里(home)]带来[腌猪肉(bacon)]

例 Su Dong? Oh, he doesn't have a job—he's a kind of “househusband. ” His wife's the one who brings home the bacon. She's a CPA at some international accounting firm. I've heard her pay is over $70,000 a year.

2. bring sb. or sth. around ***带来(使能见面);使恢复意识

解 短语动词;词义溯源:把某人带到[周围(around)]

例 Hey Chris, why don't you bring your baseball card collection around sometime? I'd really like to see it. Maybe you could introduce us all to your hobby at the next company picnic. What do you say?

3. bring sb. or sth. back / bring back sb. or sth. ***归还,还原

解 短语动词;词义溯源:将某人或某物[向后、往回(back)]带

例 NOTICE: Whoever took my Whitney Houston CD, I'd appreciate it if you would bring it back. Just slide it into my mailbox downstairs and I won't ask any questions. If I don't have it by Friday, I'm going to inform the dormitory security that someone stole it. Thanks, Bob.

4. bring sb. or sth. out / bring out sb. or sth. ***使显示出;说出;(介绍女子)正式在社交界出道;出版(书籍),推出(新商品等)

解 短语动词;词义溯源:把某人或某物带到[外面(out)]

例 He was so excited that he could hardly bring out a thank-you.

5. bring sb. or sth. up / bring up sb. or sth. ***提起,谈到;养育孩子或动物

解 短语动词;词义溯源:将某人或某物带到[上方(up)]

例 Unless someone brings it up, let's not talk about Carl's family problems. I would hope everyone will respect his privacy and not ask him to talk about something so sensitive in a public meeting. Things like this should be discussed in private.

巩固练习

(A) brings home the bacon

(B) bring...around

(C) bring back

(D) bring out

(E) bring up

1. A: Did you ______ the pay raise the union members want? B: Yes, I mentioned it to the general manager, but he hasn't replied yet. I'm having lunch with him tomorrow. I'll try to get him to discuss it then.

2. A: Who ______ since your father died? I mean, does somebody support the family with a regular income? B: My older brother had to quit school and start working at a factory. My brother's working hard to provide for the family. I really admire him for it. I only hope someday our situation gets better and he can go back to school.

3. A: I hear you've got a beautiful unmarried sister, Paul. Why don't you ______ her ______ sometime? Quite a few guys would love to meet her. B: Why would I bring her to meet you guys? None of you has a future! Besides, she's got a boyfriend—a guy with future!He's a medical student at Johns Hopkins' medical school.

4. A: Hey, when are you going to ______ the DVDs I lent you? I haven't even had a chance to watch them myself. B: Oh, sorry. I just forgot about them. I'll try to return them tonight.

5. A: Camping seems to ______ the animal instincts of men. Look at the way our husbands are eating those grilled steaks like cavemen! I think deep down they're the same as a wild animal. B: Right. They just need a wild setting like these woods to show that aspect of their character! Outside the city their true nature is exposed.

■ ANSWER

1. (E)

2. (A)

3. (B)

4. (C)

5. (D)

参考译文

I. 1. 苏东?哦,他没有工作——他是标准的“家庭主夫”。他妻子负责养家糊口。她是一家国际会计事务所的注册会计师。我听说她一年能赚7万多美元。

2. 嘿,克里斯,有时间把你收藏的棒球卡带过来怎么样?我非常想看看。或者,你可以在公司下次野餐会上给我们讲讲你的业余爱好。你觉得怎么样?

3. 告示:若有人拿了我的惠特尼·休斯顿的CD,请把它还回来,非常感谢。只要把它放到我楼下的信箱里就可以。我不会再追查。如果在周五之前没有还回来,我将把有人偷CD的事报告宿舍保安。非常感谢,鲍勃。

4. 他太激动了,连谢谢都说不出来。

5. 只要没有人提出来,我们就不要谈卡尔家的问题。我希望所有人能够尊重他的隐私,不要在公开会议上要求他谈论这么敏感的话题。这种事情只能在私下谈论。

II. 1. A:你提出工会会员要求加薪的事了吗?B:是的,我跟总经理提了,但是他还没有回复。我明天要跟他一起吃午饭。到时候,我会尽量跟他谈谈此事。

2. A:你父亲去世以后,谁来养家?我的意思是,有没有人为这个家庭提供定期的收入?B:我哥哥不得不退学,开始在一家工厂打工。我哥哥努力工作来养活一家人。这一点,我非常钦佩他。我真希望有一天,我们的状况能有所好转,这样他就可以再回到校园。

3. A:保罗,我听说你妹妹非常漂亮,而且没有结婚。有时间把她带过来怎么样?许多小伙子都非常想见见她。B:我为什么要带她来见你们这些家伙?你们都没什么前途!再说了,她已经有男朋友了——那小伙子前途无量!他是约翰·霍普金斯大学医学院的学生。

4. A:嘿,你打算什么时候把我借给你的DVD还回来?我自己都还没看呢。B:对不起,我差点忘了。我尽量今晚就还给你。

5. A:露营好像激发了男人的动物本能。你看看我们的丈夫们吃烤牛排的样子,简直像野人一样!我想在内心深处,他们都是野生动物。B:没错。他们需要一个像这种森林一样的野外环境来展现他们的特点!只有在城市外面,他们才会显露本性。


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