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LECTURE 14 基本动词 COME 6

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2020年05月22日

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LECTURE 14 基本动词 COME 6

词组讲解

1. come out with sth. ***说出;出版;把…投入市场销售

解 短语动词;词义溯源:[携带(with)]某物出现

例 Iwonder when Macrosoft is going to come out with their own personal computers. The company and its software are so popular I'm sure they'd be a success in the hardware market too.

2. come to a dead end **走到死胡同;(思想、力量)枯竭;不可能再取得进展

解 习语;词义溯源:来到[死胡同、尽头(dead end)]

例 It's our opinion that we can't get any further with this line of research. My experience tells me that when you come to a dead end like this, it's best to just start all over in a different way. Starting next week we will drop this research and start on another idea proposed by Professor Bae.

3. come to a head **(脓疮)出头;达到顶点;处于紧要关头

解 习语;词义溯源:来到[脓疮的头、前端(head)]

例 Hillary Clinton's visit seems to have averted or at least delayed the situation on the Korean peninsula coming to a head. The US, which had been pushing for sanctions against DPRK, announced that it would not pursue the issue until after high level talks with Pyongyang planned for early July.

4. come to a standstill **(暂时或永久)停止

解 习语;词义溯源:达到[停止(standstill)]的状态

例 Does everything come to a standstill in your office when there's a power failure? Call Gordon Electric Ltd. today and we'll introduce you to the world of in-house generators that can keep you going even when the city's not.

5. come to blows over sth. / come to blows **(为某事)打起来;开始交战

解 习语;词义溯源:[有关(over)]某事发生互相[殴打(blows)]

例 If someone doesn't help them settle this in a reasonable manner, they're almost certain to come to blows. That wouldn't be good for any of us, would it? I recommend we immediately dispatch a mediator to meet with each of the leaders with an eye to finding some middle ground they can agree upon.

巩固练习

(A) come out with

(B) come to a dead end

(C) come to a head

(D) comes to a...standstill

(E) come to blows

1. A: Once we allow the helicopter to land, this hostage situation will quickly ______. We need to be ready for anything. B: Don't worry, sir. My men are well trained. When that crucial moment of decision comes, we'll be ready.

2. A: During Chusok, nearly all Seoulites head for the countryside and the city ______ relative ______. It's quite peaceful here then. B: Really? You mean everything just stops and everybody leaves?

3. A: Things are getting pretty tense between the East and the West. Do you think they'll resort to fighting to settle their dispute? B: No, both countries have a lot to lose if they let it ______.

4. A: When are you guys going to introduce a new product to the market? I haven't seen anything new from your company in over five years. B: What do you mean? We've ______ three new hair shampoos just this year. You don't know what you're talking about.

5. A: Investigator Carson, could you tell us why your investigation of the Bobson murder has ______? B: We can't make any progress because a federal judge has barred us from viewing government files on our prime suspect. His decision has brought our inquiry to a complete halt.

■ ANSWER

1. (C)

2. (D)

3. (E)

4. (A)

5. (B)

参考译文

I. 1. 我想知道Macrosoft公司会不会推出他们自己的个人计算机。这家公司和它们所生产的软件如此受欢迎,我敢肯定他们在硬件市场也会取得成功。

2. 我们认为在这项研究上我们无法再取得任何进展。我的经验告诉我当你像这样穷途末路的时候,最好换个方式重新开始。从下周开始,我们将停止这项研究,着手研究由贝教授提出的另外一个观点。

3. 看起来,希拉里·克林顿的访问已经避免了,或者至少延缓了朝鲜半岛局势进入危急关头。美国一直在推动对朝鲜的制裁。美国政府宣布,在预定在七月初与平壤方面举行的高层会谈之前,将暂停制裁。

4. 停电的时候,办公室里一切都陷入停顿?今天与戈登电力公司联系,我们将为您介绍室内发电机,可以保证即使在整个城市陷入停顿的时候,您的事务依然正常运行。

5. 如果没有人帮他们以合理的方式解决这个问题,他们肯定会打起来的。这对我们任何一方没有任何好处,不是吗?我建议,我们立刻派遣一位调解人与各方领导会面,找到一个各方都能接受的折中的方法。

II. 1. A:一旦我们允许直升机降落,人质事件将会迅速进入危急关头。我们需要作好一切准备。B:别担心,长官。我的人都训练有素。当至关重要的决策时刻来临时,我们会作好准备的。

2. A:在韩国中秋节期间,几乎所有首尔人都会到乡村去,而城市则相对陷入停顿。那时候,这里非常宁静。B:真的吗?你是说所有事情都停止,大家都离开?

3. A:东部和西部之间的局势变得非常紧张。你认为他们会通过武力来解决争端吗?B:不会,如果打起来的话,两个国家都会损失惨重。

4. A:你们什么时候能推出一款新产品?我已经五年多没有看到你们公司推出新产品了。B:你什么意思?我们今年就推出了三款新洗发香波。你根本不知道自己在说什么。

5. A:卡森调查员,你能告诉我们,为什么你对鲍勃森谋杀案的调查会陷入僵局吗?B:由于联邦法官禁止我们查看关于此案头号嫌疑犯的政府文件,所以我们一直无法取得进展。他的决定使我们的调查完全陷入停顿。


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