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英语语法基本知识——句子成分

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  一. 状语

  是修饰动词,形容词,副词等句子成分。状语表示地点,时间,原因,目的,结果,条件,让步,程度,方式,伴随情况等。做状语的有副词,名词,介词短语,分词及其短语,动词不定式及其短语,状语从句等。下面依次举例:

  These products are selling quickly.

  He is knee deep in snow.

  The best fish swim near the bottom.

  She sat there doing nothing.

  We’ll send a car over to fetch you.

  She was slow to make up her mind.

  Strike while the iron is hot.

  There is no such a word in English so far as I know.

  七.宾语补足语和主语补足语

  英语中有些及物动词,除了要有宾语外,还要加上宾语补足语,才能使句子意思完整。如果上述结构变为被动语态句,原宾语变为主语,原宾语补足语相应的变为主语补足语。可以担当补语的有名词,形容词,介词短语,动词不定式,分词等。下面依次举例:

  They elected me captain of the team.

  He made me ashamed of myself.

  We found everything there in good order.

  I should advise you not to miss the chance.

  I could feel my heart beating fast.

  The price is expected to rise in the near future.

  Some goods are left unsold.

  She was elected director of public relations.

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