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2009年12月大学英语四级模拟试题(11)

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200912月大学英语四级模拟试题(11)

Part I  Writing

  (30minutes)

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic "No Smoking in Public Places". You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below in Chinese:

  1. 有人在公共场所吸烟;

  2. 在公共场所吸烟的危害;

  3. 如何杜绝这一现象。

  Part II

  Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning)

  (15minutes)

  Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions. For questions 1-7, mark Y (for YES) if the statement agrees with the information given in the passage. N (for NO) if the statement contradicts the information giv en in the passage. NG (for NOT GIVEN) if the information is not given in the passage. For questions 8-10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage.

  What Is Culture Shock?

  Culture shock can be described as the feeling of confusion and disorientation(迷惘)that one experiences when faced with a large number of new and unfamiliar people and situations. Many things contribute to it —smells, sounds, flavors and the very feeling of the air one is breathing.

  The symptoms of culture shock can appear at different times. Although one can experience real pain from culture shock, it is also an opportunity of redefining one’s life objectives. It is a great opportunity of learning and acquiring new perspectives. Culture shock can make one develop a better understanding of oneself and stimulate personal creativity.

  Symptoms:

  Sadness, loneliness, melancholy(忧郁)Preoccupation with health Aches, pains and allergies(过敏)Insomnia, desire to sleep too much or too little

  Changes in temperament, depression, feeling vulnerable, feeling powerless

  Anger, irritability, resentment, unwillingness to interact with others

  Identifying with the old culture or idealizing the old country

  Loss of Identity:

  Trying too hard to absorb everything in the new culture or country

  Inability to solve simple problems

  Lack of confidence

  Feelings of inadequacy or insecurity

  Developing stereotypes about the new culture

  Developing obsessions such as over-cleanliness

  Longing for family

  Feelings of being lost, overlooked, exploited or abused

  Stages of Culture Shock

  Culture shock has many stages. Each stage can be ongoing or appear only at certain times. The first stage is the incubation stage. In this first stage, the new arrival may feel euphoric and be pleased by all of the new things encountered. This time is called the "honey moon" stage, as everything encountered is new and exciting.

  Afterwards, the second stage presents itself. A person may encounter some difficult times and crises in daily life. For example, communication difficulties may occur, such as not being understood. In this stage, there may be feelings of discontent, impatience, anger, sadness, and feeling incompetence. This happens when a person is trying to adapt to a new culture that is very different from the culture of origin. Transition between the old methods and those of the new country is a difficult process and takes time to complete. During the transition, there can be strong feelings of dissatisfaction.

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