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强化班连接词

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常见的连接词

Addition(附加)

Sequence (序列)

Consequence (结果)

additionally

again

in addition

and

similarly

likewise

as well as

besides

furthermore

also

moreover

what’s more

and then

too

not only…but also

even

besides this/that

first(ly)

first of all

in the second place

second(ly), etc.

to begin with

initially

soon after

then

simultaneously

next

finally

former(ly)

earlier/later

after this/that

afterwards

with

 

as a result

consequently

thus

so

so that

thereby

in that case

admittedly

then

therefore

it follows that

eventually

result in

accordingly

 

Certainty (确定性)

Definition (定义)

Condition (条件)

certainly

plainly

of course

surely

obviously

undoubtedly

is

refer to

mean

e.g.

that is

consist of

if/provided that

whether

unless

so that

depending on

for

as long as

on condition that

Comparison & Contrast (对比 / 转折)

Summary (总结)

Example (举例)

similarly

in the same way

likewise

in like manner

on the other hand

in spite of/despite

though/although

but

however

yet

instead

otherwise

on the contrary

whereas

nevertheless/nonetheless

in contrast

by comparison

alternatively

lastly

finally

in short

in brief

in conclusion

in summary

in a word

on the whole

to sum up

to conclude

to recapitulate

generally speaking

all in all

in a nutshell

to put it briefly

lastly

 

like

namely

notably

for example

for instance

for an illustration

such as

in particular

to illustrate

to demonstrate

Reason (原因)

Time (时间)

Paraphrase/Rephrase

(转述 / 重述)

as

for

since

cause

because (of)

due to

owing to

lead to

for the reason that

now that

as a result of

result from

 

 

 

Since

before

ago

as

until

meanwhile

when/whenever/while

at the present/moment

as soon as

that is to say

to put it in another way

in other words

that is

as I pointed out

as stated previously

to repeat

Space(空间)

 

 

in front of

behind

above

below

under

near

next to

further

in the middle of

on the right/left

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exercises:
线索1:定义

a. The harbor is protected by a jetty — a wall built out into the water.

b. Jane is indecisive, that is, she can’t make up her mind.

线索2:重述

a. He had a wan look. He was so pale and weak that we thought he was ill.

b. I am a resolute man. Once I set up a goal, I won’t give it up easily.

线索3:普遍知识

a. The door was so low that I hit my head on the lintel.

b. Mark got on the motorbike, I sat behind him on the pillion, and we roared off into the night.

线索4:相关信息

a. Just before the exam Carl’s hands shook and sweated so much that he could not hold a pen. His heart beat fast and his stomach ached, even though he knew the subject very well. He really had a strange phobia about taking tests.

线索5:例子

a. Select any of these periodicals: Time, Newsweek, Reader’s Digest or the New Yorker.

b. She is studying glaucoma and other diseases of the eye.

线索6:比较

a. Jane was talking with others while Eliza remained reticent all the time.

线索7:比喻

a. The hot-air balloon took off. It was as buoyant in the air as a cork in water.

线索8:构词知识(un-, im-,-less, -ness, -ion, -ist)

1) 前缀

a.       He fell into a ditch and lay there, semiconscious, for a few minutes.

b.       I’m illiterate about such things.

2)后缀

c.       Insecticide is applied where it is needed.

d.       Then the vapor may change into droplets.

3)复合词

e.       Growing economic problems were highlighted by a slowdown in oil output.

f.        Bullfight is very popular in Spain.

 

 

 

 

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