名词的格：通格和属格 （’s ）
其它限定词， 例如： some, many , this, my 等
1）复型名词 + 复数动词
The trousers are too big for me. Please show me the smaller pair.
备用词： shoes, stockings, glasses, socks
NOTICE: A pair of glasses costs quite a lot.
2）复型名词 + 单数动词
A. The news on TV is seldom satisfying.
备用词：mathematics, physics, politics, means, works, the United States
B. Twenty miles is a long way to walk.
备用词： five pounds, two feet, six weeks
3) 集合名词 + 复数名词
The police have surrounded the building.
Cattle are selling for record price (创记录）.
备用词： the enemy, (the) people
My family are wonderful. They do all they can for me.
The family which now consists of four members at most is
smaller than it used to be.
a (an) + adj. + n.
It looks like rain. a thirsty for knowledge(求知欲）
a heavy rain He has a good knowledge of politics.
备用词： snow, breakfast, wine, oil, education
A (One) beer, please.
Two teas and four coffees, please.
I broke a glass this morning. (杯子）
Glass is made from sand. （玻璃）
备用词： paper / a paper, light(光) / a light(灯);
ice(冰) / an ice (冰激凌), chicken(鸡肉) / a chicken (雏鸡)
a piece of information (furniture, advice…)
a grain of rice, a flight of stairs
a box of matches, a cup of tea
a metre of cloth, a ton of coal
a (new) set of tools (wires, teeth, rules)