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迦思佑2010年考研英语写作预测(二)

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第二章  2010年考研英语大写作预测背诵文本

 

 

第一节 无形社会问题背诵文本

 

 

保留传统并不意味着因循守旧

 

 

每人都应献出一份力量

 

 

 

 

 

 

 “无形社会问题”的写作步骤(Directions):

1. Describe the pictures/drawing/photo/graph.

2. Interpret its meaning./ Reasons

3. Support your view with examples.

4. Give your comments./ Give your point of view.

 

 

Interpret its meaning(完全背诵):

 

Obviously/apparently/clearly/undoubtedly/evidently/manifestly/unambiguously/unequivocally, the meaning/message/purpose conveyed/indicated/suggested/implied/hinted by the picture not only show that three sons and one daughter are not willing to maintain their elder father, but, what is more/even more important, that this social problem/phenomenon/issue, which the picture point out, is simply/merely/just/only one of numerous/many/various social phenomena to have become commonplace/ordinary/normal/usual/unexceptional and already attracted broad/great/close/universal/general attention in China in recent years. Over the past quarter of a century/since 1980s/for more than 20 years, China has firmly implemented/enforced/fulfilled/executed/performed the policy of reform and opening up to the outside world, which has brought about/attained/gained/reached/achieved/won rapid economic growth, sustained social progress and continuous betterment/improvement of people's living standard, while China has been experiencing/facing/confronting/undergoing/suffer/encounter a great number of social problems and  the collapse/rupture/breakdown/extinguishment/destruction of the invaluable/precious/priceless traditional virtue and culture as well as. (150)

中文:很明显,这幅图画的目的不仅仅是向我们展现三个儿子和一个女儿都不情愿赡养他们的老父亲,而更重要地是告诉我们,图片中指出的这个社会问题仅仅是在最近几年的中国许多已经变得司空见惯,并且已经引起了广泛关注的社会问题之一。在过去的二十多年里,中国已经稳固地实施了改革开放政策,向世界打开国门,中国已经取得了快速的经济增长、持续的社会进步、人们生活水平不断地得到改善,同时中国也一直在经历着各种各样的问题,并且也在遭受着优良传统文化和美德的瓦解。

 

 

Possible reason for this phenomenon(完全背诵):

 

The reasons for this problem, if the possible ones are enumerated/exemplied/illustrated/instanced/recited one by one/one after another,  may be numerous/innumerable/countless/. Nevertheless/nonetheless/notwithstanding/however/yet, I believe/feel/consider/deem/reckon/argue/contend/maintain/assert/claim that the main/leading reasons derive from/spring from/arise from/stem from/are due to/ the social and economic circumstances given. Now China has transformed its planned economy system into an initial socialist market economy system, which has brought about/attained/gained/reached/achieved/won rapid economic growth, sustained social progress and continuous betterment/improvement of people's living standard, while the market economy system is revealing its ugly face, such as energy crisis, environmental pollution and so forth. In a word/in brief/on the whole, there is undoubtedly the reality that Commercialism and westernization erode spiritual values, and degenerate the cultural fabrics of a society. (135)

中文:至于这个问题的原因,如果把可能的原因都一一数出来的话,可能是数不清的。尽管如此,我认为主要的原因应归咎于这个特定的社会和经济环境。现在的中国已经从计划经济体制转向了一个初级的社会主义市场经济体制,中国已经取得了快速的经济增长、持续的社会进步、人们生活水平不断地得到改善。一句话,如今存在一个不可否认的事实,那就是商业社会和西化腐蚀了精神上的价值观念,同时退化了一个社会的文化结构。

 

Support your view with examples(挑选背诵):

 

中非文化交流取得新突破

文化交流(cultural exchange/ Now with economic globalization, the Western civilization, especially the American culture, holding the strong position, is exerting its impact on every part of the world, including China. what kind of cultural awareness should we have in copying the Western culture? We daringly take in those that should be taken in and decisively discard those that should be discarded, namely we should extract the essence and abandon the dross from the Western culture. What kind of culture awareness should we have in facing our traditional culture? The traditional Chinese culture, namely Confucianism or the mixture of Confucianism, Buddhism, Taoism and other traditional thinking in ancient China, is a gigantic culture system, which has lasted for over two thousand years. And it has been continuously self-renewing, self-consummating and constantly adjusting itself to the development of the times and society. Not to mention the far-off time, this gigantic culture system, so we should inherit and prosper it.

中文:如今,随着经济的全球化,西方文明,特别是美国文化,夺得了强有力的地位,正在冲击这个世界上的每一部分,包括中国。我们以何种文化意识复制西方文化?我们大胆地吸收那些应该吸收的果断地抛弃那些该抛弃的,换句话说,我们应取其精华,弃其糟粕。我们以何种文化意识面对我们的传统文化?传统的中国文化,或者说是儒家文化或儒家、佛家和道家文化的混合物,还有其他古代的传统思想,是一个巨大的文化体系,已经持续了二千多年。所以,我们应该继承和发扬。

 

 

少数民族射耳祭:勇士成年礼

 

民族文化(the ethnic groups): As a large united multi-national state, China is composed of 56 ethnic groups. Among them Han Chinese account for 91.59% of the overall Chinese population and the other 55 make up the remaining 8.41% according to the Fifth National Population Census of 2000. As the combined population of these other ethnic groups is far fewer than that of the Han, they form the 55 ethnic minorities of China.

These numerous ethnic groups share China's vast lands but at the same time many live in their individual communities. The relationships between the different ethnic groups have been formed over many years.

Han Chinese

With a population of 1159.4 million, the Han Chinese can be found in almost every part of China. However, they mainly live in the middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River, Yangtze River and the Pearl River, and also in the Northeast Plain Region (Songliao Plain). They form the largest ethnic group within China and also the largest in the world.

The Han people have their own distinctive way of life. Please click to get more information about the Han.

55 Ethnic Minorities

Although they make up only a small proportion of the overall Chinese population, the 55 minority ethnic groups are distributed extensively throughout different regions of China. The regions where they are most concentrated are Southwest China, Northwest China and Northeast China. No matter whether it is Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang, Ningxia, Guangxi, Tibet, Yunnan, Guizhou, Qinghai or Sichuan, Gansu, Hubei, Hunan or another province, one can find Chinese ethnic minorities. From the areas listed above, the greatest number of minorities can be found in Yunnan Province (25 ethnic groups). Zhuang has the largest population (more than 16 million) of minority ethnic groups.

 

In order to ensure that the 56 Chinese ethnic groups live together in harmony, the Chinese government introduced a series of policies including ones to secure the equality and unity of ethnic groups, give regional autonomy to ethnic minorities and promote respect for the faith and customs of ethnic groups. Among these the policy of regional autonomy for ethnic minorities is the most fundamental. Under this policy, five autonomous regions; Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang, Guangxi, Ningxia and Tibet, as well as numerous autonomous prefectures, counties, nationality townships and towns have been set up. With guidance from the Chinese government, the ethnic minorities in areas that have been given regional autonomy are entitled to deal with their own affairs. Together with the Han people, the Chinese ethnic minorities are making great efforts to build a prosperous China.

Each of the minority ethnic groups has a distinctive and different character. Please click to get detailed information about the 55 Ethnic Minorities.

 

Culture is a significant character of a nation. It is the soul of a nation that keeps it surviving and going forward; the power that keeps it developing and prospering; and the spring that spouts its energy. China is a united multi-national country. The 56 nationalities jointly created the colorful and profound Chinese culture, in which the ethnic culture composes an important part. The government should pay high attention to the development of the culture cause of the ethnic groups, enact and implement a series of laws and regulations, policies and measures to help the ethnic groups to develop their culture cause from all aspects, which has achieved significant results.

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