3.They found that after a surprise departure，the probability that the company will subsequently have to restate earnings increased by nearly 20%.(2011.阅读Text 1)
【例句分析】主句为They found that……that引导宾语从句，宾语从句的主谓宾为the probability incresed by 20%，that the company will have to restate earnings作定语从句修饰probability.
4.But the researchers believe that outside directors have an easier time of avoiding a blow to their reputations if they leave a firm before bad news breaks，even if a review of history shows they were on the board at the time any wrongdoing occurred.(2011.阅读Text 1)
【例句分析】同例句2结构相似，本复合句的重点在从句。主句为But the researchers believe that宾语从句，从句中又包括主句和从句，主句为outside directors have an easier time……，even if a review of history shows……为让步状语从句。从句的主句中还包含if引导的条件状语从句，而even if从句中同样包含从句，shows后they were on the board是宾语从句，at the time则引导时间状语从句。