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托福10000词汇 逻辑辩证记忆第16讲

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compete  vi.竞争,比赛                                                                                            

pet,peat来自拉丁文petere=go toward, seek, demand

petition    n.请愿书,申请书,诉状 

v.(…)请愿,正式请求                                                                                             appetite   n.1.胃口,食欲2.欲望        

competence   n.能力,胜任,称职                                                                                            

competent  a.有能力的,能胜任的  

competition    n.竞争,比赛                                                                                           

 competitive   a.1.竞争的,比赛的 2.好竞争的,求胜心切的 3.(价格等)有竞争力的                                                                                   

 impetus   n.1.推动,促进,刺激  2.推动力                                                                                             

repeat  v.n.重复,重说,重做                                                                                            

 repeatedly ad.一再,再三,多次地                                                                                             

repetition n.重复,反复     

逻辑辨证记忆提示:与pet,peat有关的英文单词围绕着“go toward(朝…行进), seek(探索, 寻求), demand(需求,请求,要求)”造词。这组词的难点:1)compete ——com-(=together共同)+pete(=go toward朝…行进)——共同奔向同一目标—— vi.竞争,比赛2repeat ——re-(=again再次)+peat(=go toward朝…行进)——再次进行某个动作—— v.n.重复,重说,重做

 

complex    a.1.由许多部分组成的,复合的2.复杂的,难懂的

n.1.综合体,集合体2.情结,夸大的情绪反应                                                                                        

ple,pli,plo,ply,plex,plic来自拉丁文plicare(=to fold)。

pliable   a.1.易曲折的, 柔软的 2.能适应的,能接受改变的 3.易受影响的

apply   vi.1.申请,请求2.适用,适合

vt.1.使用,运用,实施2.涂,敷,施                                                                                             applicant n.申请人                                                                                            

application   n.1.申请,申请表,申请书                                                                                             

appliance   n.器具,器械,装置                                                                                             applicable  a.1.可适应的,可实施的2.适当的,合适的                                                                                            

 applaud   vi.鼓掌,喝彩

vt.1.…鼓掌,向…喝彩2.称赞,赞许   

applause  n.1.鼓掌,掌声2.称赞,赞许   

plausible   a.似有道理的,似乎正确的,貌似可信的

plaudit   n.喝采,赞扬

complexion   n.1.肤色,面色,气色2.局面,性质                                                                                             complicated  a.复杂的,难懂的                                                                                             

complication   n.1.(新出现的)困难,难题2.并发症

accomplice  n.共犯,从犯                                                                                   

implement   vt.使生效,履行,实施

n.工具,器具,用具   

imply    vt.暗示,含有的意思                                                                                             

implicate    vt.1.表明(或意指)…是起因  2.卷入,牵连  3.可能的影响(作用或结果)                                                                                               

implication   n.1.含意,暗示,暗指  2.卷入,牵连                                                                                            

 implicit    a.1.不言明的,含蓄的  2.(in)内含的,固有的3.无疑问的,无保留的                                                                                            

reply v.n.回答,答复                                                                                             

replica    n.复制品,仿制品                                                                                            

replicate   v.1.复制 2.折转,反折

explicit   a.1.讲述的,明确的,明晰的 2.直言的,毫不隐瞒的,露骨的                                                                                            

perplex    vt.使困惑,使费解,使复杂化                                                                                            

deploy     vt.部署,展开,调动                                                                                           

 display   n.vt.1.陈列,展览2.显示,表现                                                                                            

employ vt.1.雇用 2.用,使用,利用

n.受雇,雇佣                                                                                             

employee n.受雇者,雇工,雇员                                                                                            

exploit    vt.1.剥削 2.利用,开发,开采

n.[pl.]业绩,功绩,功勋

explore    v. 1.勘探,勘查,探测 2.仔细查阅,探索,探究                                                                                       

deplore   v.1.表示悲痛,哀叹 2.遗憾,悲叹

duplicate    n.完全一样的东西,复制品

a.完全一样的,复制的

vt.1.复制,复印2.重复                                                                                           diploma   n.毕业文凭,毕业证书,资格证书                                                                                            

 diplomat   n.1.外交官,外交家2.有交际手腕的人,圆滑的人                                                                                             

diplomatic    a.1.外交的,从事外交的2.策略的,有手腕的                                                                                           

triple   a.1.部分的,三方的 2.三倍的,三重的

v.(使)增至三倍                                                                                             

triangle   n.1.三角形 2.三角板,三角尺 3.三角状物 4.三人一组, 三角关系

multiple    a.复合的,多重的,多种多样的

n.倍数                                                                                          

 multiply  v.1.(使)增加,(使)繁殖  2.,(使)相乘   

supple    a.1.(身体)柔软的,柔韧性好的,易弯曲的,灵活的2.动作轻快敏捷的

3.逢迎的, 顺从的

vt.使柔软, 使顺从

vi.变柔顺

plus    prep.,加上  

n.1.加号,正号  2.有利因素 

a.表示加的,正的  

plural   a.复数的 

n.复数

逻辑辨证记忆提示:与ple,pli,plo,ply,plex,plic有关的英文单词围绕着“to fold(折叠,使紧贴,合在一起)”造词。这组词的难点:1)complex ——com-(=fully表示强调)+plex(=to fold折叠,合在一起)——很多事物合在一起—— n.1.综合体,集合体2.情结,夸大的情绪反应2apply ——ap-(=ad-=to表示方向)+ply(=to fold折叠,使紧贴,合在一起)—&mdas
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