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ETS偏爱的词汇一览

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我们初学iBT阅读时, 可能更关注一些陌生的新题型, 随着我们逐渐对方法和技巧的掌握, 整体正确率不断提高时,有一种题型日益彰显出狰狞的面目,那就是VOCABULARY QUESTION.很多同学觉得,这单词题成了iBT阅读的最后障碍.对于这个问题,一则要扩大我们的单词量,再则要加强在上下文中理解单词的意思,这是两个基本点.还有一个有效的途径,就是熟悉托福机经.

ETS总是喜欢重复考点,对于单词题就更是如此.因此我不辞劳苦地搜集了许多单词题的鸡精,铺列于下.左侧为文中单词,右侧为正确选项.一定要熟记于心,因为在考场上很有可能碰到原题

经常扫视,经常瞧瞧,培养感情,尤其考托前两三天一定再瞄几眼,考场上妙不可言

enroll to one = combine

complement = supplement = add to

substitute = replace

so far = until present = up to now

rooted in = based on

make their way = travel

vulnerable--open to break-open to attack -- weak --susceptible

perishable 容易腐烂的= easy to spoil

Seething 沸腾的 --- overflowing/excited/active

float = stay on the top

be consistent with = be compatible with

property 财产,特征 = characteristic = attribute (名词意为"特征,属性")

simulated ---- artificial

sort --- type -- kind

staggering摇晃的; 犹豫的; 压倒的(多数) =overwhelming

string线, 绳子; 一行, 一系列 =series

swell -- enlargement --- expand

tract- area - terrain

symmetric 对称的,均衡的 --- balance

taper 逐渐变小 --- diminish --- 收缩

tenet --- principle/belief

turn = change

vast - immense - extensive

with the ordinary citizen’s pocketbook = affordable

advent = arrival

affair = matter

chronic --- constant - confirmed 慢性的;证实的

consequence = result/importance

counter = oppose

countervail 补偿,抵消; 对抗 = compensate/oppose

distinction = differentiation/excellence/honor

distribution = dispersion = dispersal

embed = implant

euphoric = extremely happy

flake = fragment

hinder 阻碍,打扰= interfere with

ladings 船货= cargos shipment

mandatory = required, obligatory

mundane 世俗的,平凡的= ordinary

prerequisite = something required (something needed to happen)

rather = instead 相反地/ in some degree在tain

sank (sink的过去式)= descended; dropped to the bottom

scant = minimum

sited = located

sophisticated = refined /elaborated /complex

ubiquitous 到处存在的 = common

unanimity = total agreement

spectator = viewer

sporadic = intermittent /irregular

stylus 铁笔,针状物 = pen

unconceivable = unimaginable

uniformly = evenly/ without variation/consistently

unique = sole/ distinct

warranted = authorized 授权的/justified

assume=take on 呈现/ suppose, posit 假设

foster=promote ,encourage

Plumage羽毛=feather

Composition作文,成分,混合物=mixture

relatively=comparatively

substitute=replacement

premise= assumption

within= inside

have nothing to do = in no relation to

vigorous= strong

scope=extent

extraordinary非凡的,特别的= exceptional 异常的,例外的

uneasy心神不安的,不稳定的=unstable

bulk大小,体积,大多数=major

speed 加速 = increase the rate of

spread=distribute 散布,分布

endeavor 努力= enterprise 进取心,干事业

proximity 接近= nearness

rotate=turn 转动,旋转

assertion主张,断言 = strongly statement

evidence = proof

preeminent卓越的 =foremost 最重要的

barrier障碍物=obstacle

primitive = early

sort = type

rudiment=basic

intact未被碰过的=unaffected

prize珍视 = value

lucrative 有利可图的= profitable

ineffectively=with out any result

misleading =inaccuracy

architecture =structure 结构,建筑物

accomplished完成的,熟练的=skilled,

embedded内含的,嵌入的=enclosed 被附上的

collaboration协作=joint effects

identical=the same

allow=enable

dispersal 分散,散布= distribution

hampering妨碍,牵制 = restricting

cherished珍爱的=valuable

precision = accuracy

broadly = extensively

yearly = annual

tracking = following

tolerant = endure

rather than = instead of

transformation = conversion

sample=example

crawl爬行=move

hobby业余爱好 = pastime 消遣,娱乐

inherent in = characteristic of

recharge再充电=refill再装满

devise设计,发明=create

attest to证明--confirm,

replicas复制品--copies,

extant 现存的=not extinct

be closer resemblance to=. be more like

indicate =demonstrate

thrive=flourish

fluctuating=changing

mirror反映=reflect

procure获得=obtain

paradoxically=seemingly contradictory

counsel劝告,忠告=advice.

mock嘲弄,模仿 = pretend

spectacular引人入胜的 = impressive 印象深刻的


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