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整理托福考试中常考的名词

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  1. 常考的不可数名词

  furniture luggage clothing equipment poetry jewelry machinery weaponry scenery information knowledge homework

  evidence foliage advertising health

  A : 流体 air water

  B: 颗粒状物体 rice salt

  C: 抽象名词 information

  D: 总称名词 poetry machinery

  E: 疾病不可数 diabetes糖尿病 measles麻疹

  F: 自然现象 rain drops

  G:学科不可数 mathematics economics statistics physics politics mechanics genetics geology geography chemistry

  philosophy biology history

  2.常考的不规则单复数

  man/men woman/women tooth/teeth foot/feet goose/geese basis/bases analysis/analyses crisis/crises

  hypothesis/hypotheses axis/axes alga/algae larva/larvae fungus/fungi stimulus/stimuli datum/data bacterium/bacteria

  medium/media spectrum/spectra mouse/mice child/children phenomenon/phenomena radius/radii

  3.常考的单复数同型的名词

  aircraft spacecraft series species means sheep deer bison salmon trout carp

  4. 常考的可数名词

  discovery cloud mineral metal substance population effort effect animal plant mammal insect tree herb shrub

  element function feature picture result clue star reason audience device structure human human being

  system fashion resource source origin pioneer automobile purpose style response number amount

  variety quantity type kind influence emotion change

  5. 即可数又不可数的名词

  sugar , cloth , water , detail , paper ,work , light , science ,form , interest , art , area ,color , disease , illness , rock , stone ,

  matter , food , culture ,noise , liquid , solid , gas , climate , film ,material , population , temperature , experience ,speech ,use

  time , life , action , activity , study

  rock(砂岩) rocks(块岩) work(工作,作品) works(著作) paper(纸) papers(论文,报告,文件)

  area(面积) areas(地区,区域) time(时间) times(次数) room(空间) rooms(房间) water(水) waters(水域)

  collections由同一种物品构成,可数 his three collections of short stories

  collection 由不同种物品构成,不可数 his art collection

  ※当一个不可数名词表种类时,可数.

  可数/不可数 :①有无数的概念②抽象/具体 advertisment 广告 可数 advertising 广告业 不可数


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