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新概念英语第二册(美音版)Percy Buttons 珀西.巴顿斯(精讲)

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First listen and then answer the question.
听录音,然后回答以下问题。
Who is Percy Buttons?

Percy Buttons
I have just moved to a house in Bridge Street. Yesterday a beggar knocked at my door. He asked me for a meal and a glass of beer. In return for this, the beggar stood on his head and sang songs. I gave him a meal. He ate the food and drank the beer. Then he put a piece of cheese in his pocket and went away. Later a neighbour told me about him. Everybody knows him. His name is Percy Buttons. He calls at every house in the street once a month and always asks for a meal and a glass of beer.


New words and expressions 生词和短语
beggar n. 乞丐
food n. 食物
pocket n. 衣服口袋
call v. 拜访,光顾

 

珀西.巴顿斯
我刚刚搬进了大桥街的一所房子。昨天一个乞丐来敲我的门,问我要一顿饭和一杯啤酒。作为回报,那乞丐头顶地倒立起来,嘴里还唱着歌。我给了他一顿饭。他把食物吃完,又喝了酒。然后把一块乳酪装进衣袋里走了。后来,一位邻居告诉了我他的情况。大家都认识他,他叫珀西.巴顿斯。他每月对这条街上的每户人家光顾一次,总是请求给他一顿饭和一杯啤酒。

New words and expressions 生词和短语

beggar  n. 乞丐

beg v.乞求

I beg your pardon?

ask for :请求得到

beg for :乞求得到

 

food  n. 食物 不可数

a lot of food

 

pocket  n. 衣服口袋

inner pocket:内口袋

jacket pocket : 夹克的口袋

coat pocket : 大衣口袋

pocket book:袖珍书

pocket dictionary:袖珍词典

pocket money : (小孩)零花钱

change:零钱

get exact change : 准备好正确的零花钱

beer money:(男孩)零花钱

pocket pick:车上的小偷

 

call  v. 拜访, 光顾

visit

call sb:给某人打电话

call up sb:给某人打电话

call back:回某人电话

Can you take a message for me?

Can you tell him to call back?

call on sb 拜访某人

call at,at一般和地点相连

call at+地点=visit someplace 拜访某地

I will call on you.

I will call at your home.

call out =shout,大声喊

call in sb:招集和邀请某人

For the project,the government called in a lot of experts.

【课文讲解】

move to :搬到

knock at:

knock at the door

knock at the window

 

beer[bIE(r)];bear[bZE]   注意读音

 

ask sb for sth:问某人要什么东西; request for

for;为了这个目的去请求某人, sb更多的时候不出现, ask for sth

The boy asked (his parents省略)for money again/once more.

in return for this : 作为对什么的回报

in return:作为回报

He doesn't want anything in return.他不想得到任何回报

hospitality:热情

I'll buy a present for him in return for hospitality.

this 在代词当中常常指代上文的一件事情

stood on his head : 倒立

stand on one's hands:用手着地(hand单数就是一只手, 双手复数)

跪着, 膝盖 : knees : stand on one's knees

躺着, : lie : lie in bed

lie on one's back:仰面躺着

lie on one's side:侧躺

lie on one's stomach : 趴着

give him a meal

go away

later : 后来

tell sb about sth,about:关于, 通过其他事自己得出结论, tell you about him

tell sb sth:告诉某人某件事(把事情直接告诉), tell you the news

tell you the word

tell you about the word

everybody作为主语一定作单数看待, 属于不定代词

所有的不定代词作为主语一律为单数看待 : somebody anybody everything

calls at every house

in the street英国写/on the street美国写

once a month:一个月一次, 单位表达方式

a.表示每月一次, 计量单位 “/”

five kilometers an hour

ask for,ask sb for sth的省略

Percy Buttons? a beggar

He calls at every house in the street once a month and asks for a meal and a glass of bear

 

Key structures】 关键句型

a,thesome

a:单数, 可数名词

the:可加单数/复数, 还可加不可数名词, 加在什么名词前面都对

some:只能加在不可数名词的前面或可数名词复数的前面

athe的区别

a是泛指, a man;特指, the man

在文章当中第一次出现名词的时候往往用aan修饰, 第二次出现的时候用the

在表示一种笼统概念的陈述句中可以省略asome

Yesterday I bought a book,Books are not very expensive.

笼统概念 : 某某一类/一种东西

I have just drunk a glass of milk ,Milk is  very refreshing.

I ate an apple./Apples are delicious.

I like oranges.Would you like some oranges?

Mrs.Jones bought a bag of flour,a bag of sugar,and some tea.

She always buys flour,sugar and tea at the grocer's

 

athe

A man is walking towards me.The man is carrying a parcel.The parcel

is full of meat.

 

Names

We cannot put a or the in front of names

表示某某一类人当中, 具有这种特征当中的一个, a Mr.zhang

 

Special Difficulties 难点

某些动词的后面加上介词或副词以后就会改变词义, 这种新的组合称作短语动词

put:, put on

take:拿走, take off

look:, look at:, look for:寻找, look afrer:照顾, look out:当心

call : call at,call on,call in ,call back,call for(a.去取某物, 去接某人b.需要 : The problem calls for immediate action 这个问题需要立即采取行动)

knock : knock at:, knock off,knock over,knock out

knock off:下班, He knocked off earlier.

knock sth off+地点, knock the vase off the table

knock off:打折, knock 10% off the price.

knock over,A car knocked the boy over.

如果有地点, off; 无地点, over,I knocked the boy off the bicycle.

摘录一些自己喜欢的知识点,记到个人空间吧!

关于本课的答疑,请看这里: 新概念英语答疑

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