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新概念英语第三册(美音版)Smash-and-grab

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Lesson 6
Smash-and-grab
砸橱窗抢劫

Listen to the tape then answer the question below.
听录音,然后回答以下问题。
How did Mr. Taylor try to stop the thieves?
The expensive shops in a famous near Piccadilly were just "opening. At this time of the morning, the arcade was almost empty. Mr. Taylor, the owner of a jewellery shop was admiring a new display. Two of his assistants had been working busily since eight o'clock and had only just finished. Diamond necklaces and rings had been beautifully arranged on a background of black velvet. After gazing at the display for several minutes, Mr. Taylor went back into his shop.
The silence was suddenly broken when a large car, with its headlights on and its home blaring, roared down the arcade. It came to a stop outside the jeweller's. One man stayed at the wheel while two others with black stocking over their faces jumped out and smashed the window of the shop with iron bars. While this was going on, Mr. Taylor was upstairs. He and his staff began throwing furniture out of the window. Chairs and tables went flying into the arcade. One of the thieves was struck by a heavy statue, but he was too busy helping himself to diamonds to notice any pain. The raid was all over in three minutes, for the men scrambled back into the car and it moved off at a fantastic speed. Just as it was leaving, Mr. Taylor rushed out and ran after it throwing ashtrays and vases, but it was impossible to stop the thieves. They had got away with thousands of pounds worth of diamonds.
New words and expressions 生词和短语
smash-and-grab
n. 砸橱窗抢劫
arcade
n. 有拱廊的街道(两旁常设商店)
Piccadilly
n. 皮卡迪利大街
jewllery
n. 珠宝(总称)
necklace
n. 项链
ring
n. 戒指
background
n. 背景
velvet
n. 天鹅绒,丝绒
headlight
n. (汽车等)前灯
blare
v. 发嘟嗜声,吼叫
staff
n. 全体工作人员
raid
n. 偷袭
scramble
n. 偷袭
scramble
v. 爬行
fantastic
adj. 非常大的
ashtray
n. 烟灰缸

皮卡迪利大街附近的一条著名拱廊街道上,几家高档商店刚刚开始营业。在早晨的这个时候,拱廊街上几乎空无一人。珠宝店主泰勒先生正在欣赏新布置的橱窗。他 手下两名店员从早上8点就开始忙碌,这时刚刚布置完毕。钻石项链、戒指漂亮地陈列在黑色丝绒上面。泰勒先生站在橱窗外凝神欣赏了几分钟就回到了店里。 宁静突然被打破,一辆大轿车亮着前灯,响着喇叭,呼啸着冲进了拱廊街,在珠宝店门口停了下来。一人留在驾驶座上,另外两个用黑色长筒丝袜蒙面的人跳下车 来。他们用铁棒把商店橱窗的玻璃砸碎。这开始发生时,泰勒先生正在楼上。他与店员动手向窗外投掷家具,椅子,桌子飞落花流水在拱廊街上。一个窃贼被一尊很 重的雕像击中,但由于他忙着抢钻石首饰,竟连疼痛都顾不上了。这场抢劫只持续了3分钟,因为窃贼争先恐后地爬上轿车,以惊人的速度开跑了。就在轿车离开的 时候,泰勒先生从店里冲了出来,跟在车后追赶,一边还往车上扔烟灰缸、花瓶。但他已无法抓住那些窃贼了。他们已带着价值数千镑的首饰逃之夭夭了。

★smash-and-grab
n. 砸橱窗抢劫
smash: (vt.)break sth.into pieces violently
(vi.)The dishes smashed on the floor.
smash into: 撞击到某处
grab: seize suddenly
catch: get hold of sth./sb moving
snatch: catch sth./sb. suddenly and violently
seize: 强调抓住、抓到的结果 Fear seized her.
grasp: 强调“掌握”
hold: 强调抓牢、抓紧

★arcade
n. 有拱廊的街道(两旁常设商店)

★Piccadilly
n. 皮卡迪利大街

★jewllery
n. 珠宝(总称)

★necklace
n. 项链

★ring
n. 戒指

★background
n. 背景
on the background of sth.
background information
a man of excellent background

★velvet
n. 天鹅绒,丝绒

★headlight
n. (汽车等)前灯

★blare
v. 发嘟嗜声,吼叫

★staff
n. 全体工作人员

★raid
n. 偷袭

★scramble
n. 偷袭

★scramble
v. 爬行
scramble(vi.): creep quickly
climb(vt.): 爬上
mount: 登上

★fantastic
adj. 非常大的
fantastic: very great /large
strange
wonderful

★ashtray
n. 烟灰缸

介词短语修饰shops

The shoe shop im my neighborhood was just opening.

BeiJing,our capital,is develping enormously(at fantastic speed).

运用ing形式结构,其逻辑主语要和主句的主语保持一致

本课的重点结构句式:with的符合结构: with its headlights on and its horn blaring.
如果宾语和宾语补足语在逻辑上有主谓关系,应该采用动词的ing形式;
如果是动宾关系,应该采用过去分词形式作宾补;
如果是说明当时的情况,常用形容词、副词、介词短语表明宾语的状态
如果表达某事将要展开发生,要用动词不定式to.

She sat staring into the distance with tears streaming down her cheeks.
She stood there with her hands resting on her hips
He ran into the room with his face covered with tears
With his hornework finished,he felt happy.
He used to sleep with all the windows open.
He went out with his hat on.
With the meeting over,we went home.
He came in with a knife in his hand.
Tow others with black stockings over their faces jumped out.
With a lot of work to do,he can't to to the cinema.

with用于句首或句尾,常表示状语、行为方式、原因、伴随状况等;
如果跟在名词之后,是用来修饰限定该名词
a thief with stocking over his face
a teacher with a book under his arm
a room with the windows open

come to 后面常接名词,表示达到
come to a stop,come to an end,come to a decision,come to an agreement,come to an understanding,come to success,come to fame
停车 stop,draw up ,pull up
at the barber's,at the butcher's,at the baker's,at the greengrocer's,at the grocer's,at the stationer's,at the tobacconist's,at the chemist's

help oneself to: 自便
My roommate helped herself to my clothes without asking me.

at a fantastic speed/at a tremendous speed/at a high(full)speed
with great speed.

hundreds of thousands of dollars worth of jewel

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1.B正确  on one's way to do
He is on the way to become a lawyer.

2.A正确  warn somebody out of one's way in one's way

3.C正确

4.名词具有修饰词的时候,语序的排列顺序通常是形容词、名词
an old village school
C正确

5.B正确  做句子结构题时要和原文加以对比

6.made of A正确

7.began doing something/began to do something
A正确

8.D正确

9.accelerated: 加速  A正确
speed: 加快动作和工作的进程  speed up
We'd better speed up,if we want to get there in time.
The driver accelerated to pass the other car.
The car sped along the road.
reversed: 倒车
The car reversed through the gate.

10.Two others 和their faces同位语关系
A正确 
overdressed I fell rather overdressed in this smart suit.
overlooked: 俯瞰
11.for the time being--temporarily
B正确  meanwhile--at the same time
As it happened--这类事情的发生  for a while --for a moment

12.flown--fly 不能用于被动语态 go flying send something flying
A gust of wind sent the paper flying in all directions
hurled: 用力的去投掷
C正确
projected: send up

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