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和警察打交道用得着的英语

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luyuna

2018年12月05日

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怎么报案,怎么配合警方做调查,怎么确保自己的人身和财产安全......生活在法治社会中的我们,这次就来学点和犯罪相关的英语。

Crime Victims 各式罪行

Everybody hopes for a peaceful life. But some of us find ourselves the victims of crime despite such hopes. Have you or anyone you know ever been a victim of a crime? 你碰到过罪犯吗?或者你身边的人有犯罪的吗?下表中列举出了17种犯罪行为,让我们先来看一看。

1. I was walking in the street when a guy snatched my bag.

2. He was put in prison because he used the company's money to buy a car of his own.

3. He was caught by the police when transporting cigarettes from Hong Kong to the mainland of China.

4. They took away my little boy and demanded $100,000 for his safe return.

5. My bike was taken away by someone last night.

6. A gang took control of the flight and forced the pilot to change his destination.

7. My house was broken into when I was away on holiday.

8. The other day when I was shopping in a supermarket, I saw a little boy take several packs of chewing gums and leave without paying for them.

9. After I got off from the crowded bus, I found the wallet in my back pocket had gone.

10. He made a living by buying and selling drugs.

11. He killed his best friend intentionally after he learned that his girlfriend was going to marry him.

12. A man followed me to a back street and attacked me.

13. He got caught when setting fire to a building.

14. They blew up a department store and threatened to do the same to another if their demands were not met by the government.

15. Some tourists like carving their names on cultural relics.

16. He violently forced the girl to have sex with him.

17. He got this job by giving money to the person in charge.

Can you come up with a crime title to match each of the above criminal behaviors? 中文名称你可能知道,但是你了解专业的英文术语吗?接下来,我们通过下表一起熟悉一下这17个English crime titles,表中犯罪术语的序号同上表中描述的犯罪行为一一对应。

the crime the verb form the person who does it

1 robbery rob robber

2 embezzlement embezzle embezzler

3 smuggling smuggle smuggler

4 kidnapping kidnap kidnapper

5 theft steal thief

6 hijacking hijack hijacker

7 burglary burgle burglar

8 shoplifting shoplift shoplifter

9 pickpocketing pickpocket pickpocket

10 trafficking traffic trafficker

11 murder murder murderer

12 assault assault assailant

13 arson set fire to arsonist

14 terrorism terrorise terrorist

15 vandalism vandalise vandal

16 rape rape rapist

17 bribery bribe briber

Crime Reports 案情描述

Have you been a witness to any of a crime? Generally, how do people react to them? Come out and stop them? Call the police? Help the victim? Walk away pretending nothing has happened? All of the above are possible, aren't they? 遇到犯罪行为你会怎么做?挺身而出还是明哲保身?面对突发事件一切皆有可能,接下来,让我们先了解一下警察是如何调查一起车祸的。

警察问话:

Are you Ok? = Are you all right? 您没事儿吧?

Are you hurt? = Are you injured? 您受伤了吗?

Shall we call your family? 需要我们给您的家人打电话吗?

Do you need to go to the hospital? 您需要去医院吗?

Do you need an ambulance? 您要救护车吗?

Can you tell me what happened here?

能不能告诉我这儿发生了什么事?

Did you see the car before it hit you?

在车撞上您之前,您看见车了吗?

Do you remember the driver's license plate number?

您记得车牌号码吗?

How fast were you going? 您开多快?

How far were you from the car in front of you?

您和前面车子的距离是多少?

Which direction were you coming from? 您是从哪个方向来的?

Which direction were you going? 您要往哪个方向去?

Have you noticed the red light? 您注意到红灯了吗?

Which lane were you in? 当时您在哪个车道行驶?

Please do not move your vehicle. 请不要移动您的车辆。

Please move your vehicle to the side of the road.

请把您的车移到路边。

Do you need a tow truck? 您需要拖车吗?

对话:

A: Are you hurt? 您受伤了吗?

B: No, I'm fine. 没受伤,我还好。

A: Have you called your insurance company? 您给您的保险公司打电话了吗?

B: Yes. They will be right here. 打了,他们马上就到。

A: Have you moved your car? 您移动过您的车吗?

B: Not yet. 还没有。

现在,看下面的这幅图片。假设你就是图片中的人。你在银行办事,遇到劫匪打劫。劫匪只用了短短两分钟便掳走大量的钱。事后,警察找到你录口供,下面的这些问题你要怎么回答呢?为了模拟真实情景,请观看图片2分钟后回答问题。

Q1. What sort of age was he?

Q2. How tall was he?

Q3. Was he a strong guy?

Q4. What about his hair?

Q5. Anything about his facial appearance that makes him easy to recognize?

Q6. Anything special about his clothes?

Crime Prevention 安全防护

Can we do anything to protect ourselves from crime? The answer is "yes". The best way to minimize the risk of being the victim of a crime is to take sensible precautions. “安全第一。” 希望以下提供的11条安全守则能够让你远离危险,防患于未然。

1 Do fit a viewer or spy hole and a stout door chain on the outside doors. These are all available at DIY (i.e. do it yourself) shops.

住宅大门要安装门镜及结实门锁。

2 Never allow anyone (e.g. repairmen) to enter your home without first checking their identity.

未经身份确认,不要让诸如修理工之类的任何人进门。

3 Never let your handbag out of your sight. On public transport, keep hold of it, with the clasp or zip shut so a thief cannot steal your purse. In the office, keep it in a drawer, or in a corner near you. Even in a car, if you have the windows open or a door unlocked, a thief may reach it when you stop in traffic.

乘坐公共交通工具时,看紧自己的手提包,拉好拉链。办公室内,把包放在抽屉或你的视线范围之内。即便在汽车内,当车窗未关闭,车门未上锁时,也要提防小偷趁车停下的时候抢包。

4 If you regularly go jogging or cycling, try to vary your route and time. Stick to well-lit roads with pavements. On commons and parklands, keep to main paths and open spaces where you can see and be seen by other people--avoid wooded areas.

如果你习惯跑步或者骑车来健身,那么请不要总是在固定时间遵循固定路线。外出游玩应留意周边环境,远离丛林,避免落单。

5 When you answer the phone, simply say "hello"; don't give your number. If the caller claims to have a wrong number, ask him or her to repeat the number required. Never reveal any information about yourself to a stranger and never say you are alone in the house.

接电话时,不要向陌生人重复你的电话号码,透露你的个人隐私以及你独自在家的信息。

6 Never leave a spare key in a hiding place like under a door-mat, in a flower pot or inside the letter box--a thief will look there first. Never leave a garage or garden shed unlocked, especially if it has a connecting door to the house.

不要把你的备用钥匙藏在你认为安全的地方,比如门垫下面,花盆里或信箱中,那些都是小偷首先会搜查的地方。车库和花房若和房间相通,记得一定要上锁。

7 Always keep your cheque card separate from your cheque book; a thief needs both to write a cheque.

把你的支票卡和支票簿分开摆放。

8 If you think someone is following you, check by crossing the street--more than once if necessary--to see if he follows. If you are still worried, get to the nearest place where there are other people--a pub or anywhere with a lot of lights on--and call the police. Avoid using an enclosed phone box in the street, as the prowler could trap you inside.

如果你觉得有人跟踪你,尝试到人多和亮堂的地方。不要使用街上封闭式的电话亭。

9 If you often walk home in the dark, get a personal attack alarm from a DIY shop. Carry it in your hand so you can use it immediately to scare off an attacker. Make sure it is designed to continue sounding if it's dropped or falls to the ground.

如果你经常走夜路,那就携带一个防身器。确保防身器落地后仍能鸣叫。

10 If you are selling your home, don't show people around on your own. Ask your estate agent to send a representative with anyone who wants to view your house.

如果你卖房,不要独自领陌生人看房,可以找房产代理商协助。

11 Use time switches--available from DIY shops--to turn on lights, radios and other appliance when you are out. This will make it look as if your house is occupied.

出门的时候,为电灯、收音机和其他电器启动定时装置,它可以让外人觉得你屋中有人。

以上的11条安全法则非常实用,现在就让我们想想这些法则是针对哪些犯罪行为制定的。下面的数字序号和上面的条目序号保持一致。

forced entry into homes: 1, 2, 5

theft: 3, 6, 7

assault: 4, 8, 9, 10

Burglary: 5, 6, 11

rape: 2, 4, 5, 8, 9, 10

bag snatching: 3, 8


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