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移动英语单词词汇mobile english lesson5

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dam

[a wall built across a river to hold back flowing water]

The dam burst after a week of rain.

 

 

damage

[(1)to cause injury or destruction; (2)harm ;(3)hurt or injury, usually to things]

The boy damaged his toys by throwing them against the wall.(1)

The storm caused a lot of damage to crops.(2)

Hitting the tree did serious damage to my car.(3)

 

dance

[(1)to move the body and feet to music; (2)a series of steps, usually to music]

Will you dance with me?(1)

Do you know how to do the chicken dance?(2)

 

danger

[a strong chance of suffering injury,damage or loss]

Some people enjoy the danger of rock climbing or sky diving.

 

dark

[having little or no light]

The room was dark.

 

date

[a day,month and year]

Today’s date is September 10,2000.

 

daughter

[a person’s female child]

Tommy is going to the movies with Helen’s daughter.

 

day

[(1)twenty-four hours; (2)the hours of sunlight]

I plan to be away from home for ten days.(1)

A lan works at night and sleeps during the day.(2)

 

dead

[not living]

The number of dead and injured in the rioting is not yet known.

 

deaf

[not able to hear]

The deaf man could not hear what you said.

 

deal

[(1)to have to do with; (2)to buy or sell]

The talks will deal with the problem of pollution.(1)

Her company deals in plastic.(2)

 

debate

[(1)to argue for or against something; (2)a public discussion or argument]

The two candidates debated for one and a half hours on nation wide television.(1)

Which candidate do you think won the debate?(2)

 

debt

[(1)something that is owed; (2)the condition of owing]

The bank will want a list of all your debts before it considers your loan request.(1)

I owe a great debt to my family for all they did for me.(2)

 

decide

[(1)to choose; (2)to settle ;(3)to judge]

Which of the two books did you decide to read?(1)

Jay and Iagreed that we would decide our dispute.(2)

The judge decided that the accused man was not guilty.(3)

 

declare

[(1)to say; (2)to make a statement]

Jane declared that she never wanted to see him again.(1)

The United States declared its independence from Britainon July 4,1776.(2)

 

decrease

[to make less in size or amount]

Technology helped the farmer to decrease his use of electricity.

 

deep

[(1)going far down; (2)along way from top to bottom]

The diver went deep into the ocean.(1)

The ocean was very deep where the ship went down.(2)

 

defeat

[to cause to lose in a battle or struggle; (2)a loss ;(3)the condition of having lost]

The House of Representatives defeated the President’s request for more money for health care.(1)

It was the first defeat for the White House on health care spending.(2)

The defeat kills efforts to expand the health care system.(3)

 

defend

[(1)to guard or fight against attack; (2)to protect]

The soldiers fought hard  ?(2)

 

deficit

[a shortage that results when spending is greater than earnings, or imports are greater than exports]

The President and the Congress worked together to reduce the budget deficit.

 

define

[(1)to give the meaning of;(2)to explain]

Today, I want you to define all the words on this list.(1)

Please define how the new system will work.(2)   

 

degree

[a measure of temperature]

The temperature outside is two degrees,Celsius.

 

delay

[(1)to decide to do something at a later time; (2)to postpone; (3)to cause to be late]

Let us delay dinner until we finish this work.(1)

The meeting will be delayed until ten o’clock tomorrow morning.(2)

The snow storm delayed my arrival.(3)

 

delegate

[(1)one sent to act for another; (2)one who represents another]

The President named the Vice President to be his chief delegate at the trade talks.(1)

The elected state as sembly in Virginia is called the House of Delegates.(2)

 

demand

[(1)to ask by ordering; (2)to ask with force]

His wife demanded that he paint the windows.(1)

The law demands that we pay our taxes on time.(2)

 

democracy

[the system of government in which citizens vote to choose leaders or to make other important decisions]

The United States has been are presentative democracy for more than two hundred years.

 

demonstrate

[(1)to make a public show of opinions or feelings; (2)to explain by using examples]

The crowd demonstrated in support of human rights.(1)

The teacher demonstrated the idea with an experiment.(2)

 

denounce

[(1)to accuse of being wrong or evil; (2)to criticize severely]

The war crimes court denounced the general for murder and other evil acts.(1)

The candidate denounced the newspaper report about his arrest.(2)

 

deny

[(1)to declare that something is not true; (2)to refuse are quest]

The may or denied there port that he had taken illegal payments.(1)

The appeals court denied the woman’s request for a new trial.(2)

 

depend

[to need help and support]

I depend on my friends for emotional support.

 

deplore

[(1)to regret strongly; (2)to expresss adness]

The United Nations deplored the latest violence in the Middle East.(1)

The President deplored the deaths in the ship explosion.(2)

 

deploy

[to move forces or weapons into positions for action]

The general deployed his forces along the border.

 

depression

[(1)severe unhappiness; (2)a period of reduced business and economic activity during which many people lose their jobs]

The doctor gave her medicine for her depression.(1)

The latest economic depression in the United States happened a long time ago.(2)

 

describe

[(1)to give a word picture of something ;(2)to give details of something]

The young man described his home in the desert.(1)

The report described how the problem developed.(2)

 

desert

[a dry area of land]

Survivalis difficult in the hot,dry desert.

 

design

[to plan or create plans for]

 [(1)to want very much ;(2)to wish for]

After traveling for two weeks, Jim very much desired a meal cooked at home.(1)

If you could have anything you wanted,what would you desire?(2)

 

destroy

[(1)to break into pieces; (2)to end the existence of]

The earthquake destroyed many houses.(1)

His actions destroyed any trust between them.(2)

 

detail

[(1)a small part of something; (2)a small piece of information]

Lisa decided every detail of her wedding.(1)

I want to hear every detail of your story.(2)

 

develop

[(1)to grow; (2)to create; (3)to experience progress]

He is developing into a fine young man.(1)

The professor developed a new way to teach English.(2)

The country needed many years to develop an industrial economy.(3)

 

device

[a piece of equipment made for a special purpose]

The micro wave cooker is a deviceI use everyday.

 

dictator

[a ruler with complete power]

The people of Yugo slavia forced the dictator from power.

 

die

[(1)to be come dead; (2)to stop living ;(3)to end]

If you touch that wire you will die.(1)

The river died slowly as pollution increased.(2)

All hope died when the prison gate closed.(3)

 

diet

[usual daily food and drink]

The doctor ordered a special diet to help him lose weight

.

different

[not the same]

His clothes are different from mine.

 

difficult

[(1)not easy ;(2)hard to do, make or carry out]

Keith was a difficult child.(1)

Building a boat is a difficult job.(2)

 

dig

[to make a hole in the ground]

Dig here and you will find water.

 

dinner

[(1)the main amount of food eaten at a usual time; (2)a special event that includes food]

The family had its dinner at noon.(1)

The official dinner took place at the White House.(2)

 

diplomat

[a person who represents his or her government in dealing with another government]

Most foreign diplomats live in the Washington area.

 

direct

[(1)to lead; (2)to aim or show the way;(3)straight to something; (4)not through some other person or thing]

The may or directs all city agencies.(1)

He directed me to the theater.(2)

The most direct way to Anna polisis High way 50.(3)

The path is direct.(4)

 

direction

[(1)the way (east, west, north, south); (2)where someone or something came from or went to]

North is the opposite direction from south.(1)

The cold wind is coming from that direction.(2)

 

dirt

[earth or soil]

Little children enjoy playing in the dirt.

 

disappear

[(1)to become unseen; (2)to no longer exist]

His dog disappears when it is time for a bath.(1)

Dinosaurs disappeared a long time ago.(2)

 

disarm

[(1)to take away weapons; (2)to no longer keep weapons; (3)to make a bomb harmless by removing its exploding device]

The policeman disarmed the gun man.(1)

Some smaller countries have disarmed.(2)

Explosives experts often can disarm bombs.(3)

 

discover

[to find or learn something]

Scientists have discovered cures for many kinds of cancer.

 

discuss

[(1)to talk about; (2)to exchange ideas]

We can discuss anything you wish.(1)

The two presidents discussed trade and other economic issues.(2)

 

disease

[a sickness in living things ,often caused by viruses, germs or bacteria]

Modern medicines have  .

 

dismiss

[(1)to send away ;(2)to refuse to consider]

The scientist was dismissed for copying secret information about nuclear weapons.(1)

These nators dismissed any idea of campaign financere form.(2)

 

dispute

[(1)to oppose strongly by argument; (2)an angry debate]

The two nations disputed where the border between them should be.(1)

The United Nations helped settle the border dispute.(2)

 

dissident

[a person who strongly disagrees with his or her government]

The three dissidents were sentenced to long prison terms.

 

distance

[the amount of space between two places or objects]

The distance from my house to your house is two kilometers.

 

dive

[to jump into water head first]

He dived into the river and swam to the screaming child.

 

divide

[to separate into two or more parts]

She divided the food into four equal amounts.

 

do

[(1)to act; (2)to make an effort]

I did the job exactly as ordered.(1)

He did the best that he could do.(2)

 

doctor

[a person trained in medicine to treat sick people]

He was sick so he went to see the doctor.

 

document

[an official piece of paper with facts written on it, used as pro of or support of something]

The lawyer offered many documents to support his case.

 

dog

[a small animal that often lives with humans]

Our dog loves to chase our cat.

 

dollar

[United States money, one hundred cents]

Could I borrow a dollar from you?

 

door

[an opening for entering or leaving a building or room]

He ran through the door just as she closed it.

 

down

[(1)from higher to lower; (2)in a low place]

The climbers walked down the mountain.(1)

I was doing some exercises down on the floor when she walked in.(2)

 

dream

[(1)to have a picture or story in the mind during sleep ;(2)a picture or story in the mind during sleep; (3)a happy idea about the future]

He dreamed he was standing on a falling building.(1)

The man described his dream to the psychiatrist.(2)

The civil rights leader had a dream that someday white sand blacks could live together in peace.(3)

 

drink

[to take liquid into the body through the mouth]

I always drink water after running.

 

drive

[to control a moving vehicle]

He is learning to drive a car.

 

drop

[(1)to fall or letf all; (2)to go lower]

She dropped a book as she walked by him.(1)

The value of the dollar dropped.(2)

 

drown

[to die under water]

Three hundred people drowned when the ferry boat sank.

 

drug

[(1)anything used a same dicine or in making medicine; (2)a chemical substance used to ease pain or to affect the mind]

The new drug seems to be an effective weapon against in fections.(1)

Some doctors say the illegal drug marijuana can reduce bad effects of treatment with an ti-cancer chemicals.(2)

 

dry

[(1)not wet ;(2)without rain]

This raincoat will keep you dry.(1)

The hot,dry weather is causing severe problems for farmers.(2)

 

during

[(1)through the whole time; (2)while (something is happening)]

She said she would be too busy during the day to see me.(1)

I slept during his long speech.(2)

 

dust

[pieces of matter so small that they can float in the air]

After the explosion ,the air in the building was filled with dust.

 

duty

[(1)one’s job or responsibility; (2)what one must do because it is right and just]

The soldier was often on guard duty.(1)

It is my duty to vote on election day.(2)

 

each

[everyone by itself]

Each of us sang a different song in the show.

 

early

[(1)at or near the beginning, especially the beginning of the day; (2)opposite late]

They saw her walking early this morning.(1)

A few arrived late,but most were early.(2)

earn

[to be paid in return for work done]

She earn s40,000 dollars a year.

earth

[(1)the planet we all live on;(2)the ground or soil]

Have you seen the picture of earth made from the moon’s surface?(1)

The sun warmed the black earth of the farmer’s field.(2)

earthquake

[a sudden,violent shaking of the earth’s surface]

The earthquake caused severed a mage to bridges and building sin Los Angeles.

ease

[(1)to reduce;(2)to make less difficult]

The rate of economic in flation eased last month.(1)

The new equipment helped ease his job.(2)

east

[the direction from which the sun rises]

The sun rises in the east and goes down in the west.

easy

[(1)not difficult;(2)not hard to do]

His English is easy to understand.(1)

She says that running five kilometers is easy for her.(2)

eat

[to take food in to the body through the mouth]

Can you eat now,or do you want to eat later?

ecology

[the scientific study of the environment and links among living and material things]

She is an expert on the ecology of wet lands.

economy

[the system by which money,industry and trade are organized]

Many people hope the economy will continue to grow.

edge

[the line where something ends or begins]

Do not write near the edge of the paper.

education

[the act of teaching]

Congress approved the spending of 450 million dollars for aidto education.

effect

[there sult or change caused by something]

The storm had a serious effect on the economy.

effort

[(1)an attempt;(2)the work necessary to do something]

The boy made an effort to help his mother.(1)

Climbing the mountain required great effort.(2)

egg

[(1)the rounded object containing unborn young produced by female birds,fish or reptiles;(2)a single celli nafemale person or animal that can develop in to a baby]

Sea turtles bury their eggs in the sand.(1)

Human eggs can be trans planted from one woman to another.(2)

either

[one of two,but no tthe other]

Can either of you tell me how to get to the airport?

elect

[to choose by voting]

The voter selected the state governor as President of the United States.

electricity

[a form of energy that flows through wires to provide heat and light,and power to machines]

We did not have electricity or clean water aftert he storm.

embassy

[the offices of an ambassad or and his or her assistants]

All foreign embassies are in Washing ton.

emergency

[an unexpected and dangerous situation demanding quick action]

The President declared a wildfire emergency in NewMexico.

emotion

[a strong feeling such as love,hate,fear or sadness]

The dispute produced strong emotion son both sides.

employ

[to give work in return for wages]

Jane is employed as a prison guard.

empty

[(1)having nothing in side;(2) to remove every thing]

The house was empty.(1)

The old man emptied his glass and asked for more water.(2)

end

[(1)to stop;(2)to finish;(3)the part which comes last]

The chairman ended the meeting.(1)

The year ended peacefully.(2)

We were happy to reach the end of the project.(3)

enemy

[(1)a person opposing or hating another;(2)a person or people of the other side in a war]

The two men were fierce political enemies.(1)

Enemys oldiers attacked all ied forces on the island.(2)

energy

[(1)power used to do work,usually with machines;(2)the ability and willing ness to be active]

Electricity provides most of the energy in our city.(1)

You can increase your energy by eating healthy food and exercising everyday.(2)

enforce

[to makes ome thing be done]

Police enforce the law.

engine

[a machine that uses energy to cause movement or to do work]

He says hiscar’s engine will not start.

engineer

[a person who designs engines,machines,roads,bridges or rail roads]

He worked as an engineer in the space program.

enjoy

[to be pleased or satisfied by something]

Did you enjoy the movie?

enough

[(1)as much as necessary;(2)the amount needed]

Does Richard have enough money to buy heraring?(1)

Richard said he had enough.(2)

enter

[to come or go into]

They entered the store to gether.

environment

[(1)all surrounding things,conditions and influences that affect life;(2)the natural world of land,sea,air,plants and animals]

The group support stronger laws to protect the environment from industrial pollution.(1)

Tell us what we can do to prevent further damage to our natural environment.(2)

equal

[(1)the same in amount,size,weight or value;(2)having the same rights]

Each of them provided an equal amount of money to start the new business.(1)

The amendment guaran teed that men and women would have equal rights.(2)

equipment

[things,tools or machines needed for a purpose or activity]

Jack has all the equipment we will need for our camping trip.

escape

[(1)to get free;(2)to get away from;(3)to get out of]

The lion escaped from his cage.(1)

Three prisoners escaped from their guards.(2)

Noone could escape from the high security prison.(3)

especially

[more than others]

We liked the food,especially the fish.

establish

[(1)to bring into existence;(2)to create]

Mister Jen kin sest ablished his business 23 years ago.(1)

Scientists have est ablished a new way to communicate with creatures any where in the universe.(2)

estimate

[to form an opinion about a value,size or amount using less than complete in formation]

The media have failed in their attempts to estimate the winners of national elections.

ethnic

[of or concerning people belonging to a large group because of their race,religion,language,tribe or where their ancest or slived]

Jay and Cindy enjoy eating ethnic food as of ten as possible.

evaporate

[to change from a liquid in to a gas]

Water evaporates more quickly during dry weather.

even

[in away not thought possible]

They survived,even though the building was destroyed.

event

[that which happens,especially something of importance]

Swearing in a new President is a big event in Washington.

ever

[at any time]

Did you ever meet Joseph’s wife?

every

[(1)each one;(2)all]

Every winner gets a different prize.(1)

She has read every book in the library.(2)

evidence

[(1)material or facts that prove something;(2)a reason for believing]

The evidence proves the suspect is guilty.(1)

Children do not need evidence to believe in Santa Claus.(2)

evil

[(1)not good;(2)extremely bad]

He had an evil plan.(1)

Only a truly evil person would treat a child so badly.(2)

exact

[(1)having no mistakes;(2)correct in every detail]

That is the exact number of students present.(1)

His reports were exact in every way.(2)

examine

[to study closely]

The judge examined the evidence carefully.

example

[apart that shows what the rest of a thing or group is like]

Her success is an example of there sult sofa good education.

excellent

[extremely good]

Georgeis excellent at cooking French food.

except

[but for]

Except for Joe,everyone wanted to help.

exchange

[(1)to trade;(2)to give or receive one thing for another]

He exchanged his shares of stock for a cash payment.(1)

The two sides exchange did eason a peace agreement.(2)

excuse

[(1)totakeawayblame;(2)topardon;(3)toforgive;(4)areason(sometimesfalse)foranaction]

Heexcusedhimselfforlyingtoher.(1)

Agovernor’spardonexcusestheprisoner’scriminalact.(2)

Pleaseexcusemeforspeakingyourlanguagesopoorly.(3)

MissusWarnerrefusedtoacceptherhusband’sexcuseforwhathedid.(4)

execute

[tokill]

Whatisthestate’sargumentforexecutingmurderers?

exercise

[anactivityoreffortforthepurposeofimprovingthebodyortostayingoodhealth]

Doctorssayahalfhourofexerciseseveraltimesaweekcanpreventheartattacks.

exile

[(1)toforceapersontoleavehisorhercountry;(2)toexpel;(3)apersonwhoisforcedtoleavehisorhercountry]

Thewriterwasexiledbecausehisbookcriticizedthegovernment.(1)

Thenewgovernmentexiledtheformerdictator.(2)

Afterthefallofthecommunistgovernment,exileswereabletoreturnhome.(3)

exist

[(1)tobe;(2)tolive]

Manyofthedocumentsneededbythecourtnolongerexist.(1)

HowlonghaslifeexistedonEarth?(2)

expand

[(1)tomakelarger;(2)togrowlarger]

Themayorexpandedthepoliceforcetostopanincreaseincrimes.(1)

Thiseconomyisexpandingatarateoffourpercentayear.(2)

expect

[(1)tothinkorbelievethatsomethingwillhappen;(2)towaitforanevent]

Doyouexpectanincreaseinpaythisyear?(1)

TomandMaryAnnareexpectinganewbabyinAugust.(2)

expel

[(1)toforceout;(2)toremovefrom;(3)tosendaway]

Thedishonestofficerswereexpelledfromthemilitaryforces.(1)

Thestudentswereexpelledforbringingalcoholtoschool.(2)

Someoftheexileswereexpelledforreligiousreasons.(3)

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