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新东方新托福听力特训The Golden Age of American Agriculture

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The Golden Age of American Agriculture

We call the first two decades of the 20th century the golden age of American
agriculture. What were the factors that made the periad the golden age of American
agriculture? Who can offer some reason?
New strains of crops, improved farming methods, and what about greater use of
pesticides and fertilizers?
Absolutely. Technical advances continued to improve productivity. The U.S.
Department of Agriculture set up demonstration farms to show how new techniques
could improve crop yields. In 1914. Congress created the Agriculture Extention
Service, to advice farmers and their families about everyghing from crop fertilzers to
home sowing projects. The Department of Agriculture undertook new research .
developing hogs that were fattened faster on less greain as well as fertilizers that
increased grain production. New hibrid seeds that develped into healthier plants,
treatments that prevented or cured plant and animal diseases, and various methods
for controlling pets were all introduced around this time. Anything else?
Wasn't there also some kind of population boom around then ?
Good! Farm prices were high as demand for goods increased, and land values rose.
Howerver, the good years of the early 20th century ended following World War 2.
What was happening then?
Maybe a lot of people, women especailly , were moving from the farm to the cities.

What are the main reasons that made the early 20th century the golden age of
American agriculture? (Click on 2 answers)
A The improvement of farming methods due to advanced technology.
B The governmental involvement with pesticide control.
C The introduction of newly-developed seeds.
D The increase of the female labor in farming.
(A,C)

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