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新视野大学英语听说教程第二册unit1

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Unit 1 International Clock Talk

Unit 1原文

Listening

Understanding Short Conversations

Now you will hear ten short conversations. A question will follow each conversation. Listen carefully and choose the best answer from the four possible choices.

1 W: It’s time for “International Clock Talk”(国际时间交谈)! Time to discuss how you feel about time!

M: Well, since we all come from the same country, I think our views will be similar1.

Q: Why does the man believe the people will have similar views?

解析:从已知四个选项可知该题是针对某件事情的原因提问

2 W: It annoys me the way my foreign friends treat time.

M: I just read a book about this problem! It’s entitled2 International Clock Talk.

Q: Which problem is the book about?

解析:从已知四个选项可知该题涉及对话主题

3 M: Australians are so relaxed about time! It drives me mad!

W: That’s the way they are. While you’re here, you’ll have to get used3 to it.

Q: What advice does the woman give the man?

解析:从已知四个选项可知该题是对整个对话的理解

4 M: Have you noticed differences between our cultures?

W: Sure. In my country, people don’t care about time very much. Here, you take it seriously4.

Q: How do people in the woman’s country feel about time?

解析:从已知四个选项可知该题是问对话中they对待时间的态度

5 W: Can you explain why you’re always five minutes late for conferences(会议)?

M: Oh, I’m sorry. In my country, people are often late.

Q: Why is the man late for conferences?

解析:从已知四个选项可知该题是问对话中he的某种行为或态度的原因

6 W: What do you appreciate most about life in Germany?

M: German people are rarely late for meetings. I never have to deal with latecomers.

Q: What does the man like best about life in Germany?

解析:A B俩个选项涉及对话中he的态度,C D俩个选项涉及对话中Germans对待迟到的态度态度,注意听懂对话和问题才能进行选择

7 M: I’v heard that Chinese people are very relaxed about time.

W: That used to be true. Nowadays, people are increasingly bothered by lateness.

Q: According to the woman, how have Chinese people changed?

解析:从已知四个选项可知该题涉及对话主体对时间或迟到的观点

8 M: Why did you walk out of the restaurant abruptly(粗鲁地,突然地)? We had just started talking5.

W: Just started? We were there for two hours! In my country, meals take 15 minutes!

Q: Why did the woman walk out of the restaurant so abruptly?

解析:从已知四个选项可知该题应该是问对话中she 做某件事情的原因

9 W: What did Mon think about her trip to Russia? I’m so looking forward to6 hearing about it.

M: She didn’t say much. When I picked her up7 at the airport this morning, she was just eager to get home to see Dad. She just said the food was great there.

Q: What is the relationship between the two speakers?

解析:从已知四个选项可知该题应该是问两个对话者的关系

10 M: It’s only 6:30, and you’re done! I won’t finish work till 10. You are very efficient.

W: Well, Tom finished two hours earlier than me. That’s a sign of efficiency(效率) in my country.

Q: How many hours earlier did the woman finish her work than the man?

解析:从已知四个选项可知该题应该是问时间,学生在听时应注意各个时间所涉及的行为及各个时间之间的关联

注释:

1 similar:相似的 be similar to

2 entitle:

1) 给(书、剧本等)提名;定名;

e.g. The author entitled his book On Poetry. 作者把自己的书定名为《论诗》

2) 使有权做,给予…的资格;entitle sb. to do

e.g. This ticket entitled you to a free seat at the concert.凭这张票你可以免费听音乐会

3 use to

1) 过去经常;

e.g. I used to stay up late when I was single. 我单身时经常熬夜

2)习惯于;be/get used to doing/sth.

e.g. While you are in China, you will have to get used to Chinese custom. 你既然在中国,就得习惯中国的习俗

4 take sb. or sth. seriously 认为某人或某物很重要,认真对待某人或某物

e.g. It’s no kidding. You need to take it seriously.这不是玩笑,你要认真对待

5 start start to do sth. or start doing sth.开始做某事, start 后面接不定式和动名词没有明显的区别

6 look forward to 中的to 是介词,后面需跟动名词,即 look forward to doing

7 pick up

1) pick sb. up 用汽车搭载或接某人

e.g. I’ll be at the North Railway Station,10 o’clock tomorrow morning, would you please pick me up then. 我将于明天早上10点钟抵达火车北站,届时你能接我一下吗

2)a. pick sb./sth. up 举起或抬起某人或某物,拿起,拾起

e.g. My husband picked up my son and put him on his shoulders.

我丈夫抱起孩子并把他放到肩膀上

b. pick sb./sth. up 见到,听到(尤指借助仪器)

e.g. Could the equipment pick up the signal from the satellite?

这设备能收到卫星发射的信号吗?

3)pick sth. up 通过实践学会(外语,技术等);得,染(疾病);听到、打听到(消息),

e.g. It natural for child to pick up parents’ accent.孩子很自然就会学到父母的口音

He is interested in picking up rumors.他乐于打听各种谣言

Understanding a Long Conversation

Now you will hear a long conversation followed by five questions. Listen carefully and choose the best answer from the four possible choices.

M: You travel a lot. Which people do you think are the most time-conscious?

W: I think it’s probably the Swedes.

M: Really, what makes you say that?

W: Well, on my last trip to Sweden, I ordered a taxi to pick me up at my hotel at 6:25 am. I got to the street at 6:27, but the taxi had already left.

M: That’s a little hard to believe. Is it true?

W: Absolutely, everything runs on time there. There’s no room for mistakes. Everyone is very time-conscious!

M: They must seem very stiff and serious!

W: Sure, but once you get to know them, you find kind, caring people behind their serious faces.

M: This is very different from my experiences traveling in South America. Of course, people there are very kind, but they don’t care much about time.

W: I agree. South Americans don’t put very much stress on time. They’re always late for everything, but no one seems to mind.

Questions:

1 What does the woman think about Swedish people?

解析:从已知四个选项可知该题应该是问they具备什么样的特质

2 How long did the taxi driver wait for the woman?

解析:从已知四个选项可知该题应该是关于时间,学生在听时应注意各个时间所涉及的行为及各个时间之间的关联

3 Why does the woman say “there’s no room for mistakes” in Sweden?

解析:从已知四个选项可知该题应该是问某件事情或某种现象的原因

4 According to the woman, what are Swedes usually like?

解析:从已知四个选项可知该题应该是问某人的性格

5 What do the man and the woman say about people in South America?

解析:该题可从常识进行判断:A和B选项不符合逻辑常识,如果有压力,就不应该经常迟到,D选项中的different(冷漠的) 和kind(友好的)语义上相互矛盾,所以C才是正确答案

Understanding a Passage

Now you will hear a passage followed by five questions. Listen carefully and choose the best answer from the four possible choices.

The biggest problem in my company has to do with culture, in particular our different ways of looking at time. People from some countries think it is OK to show up1 late for a meeting and some people even don’t think they need to come at all! As president of the company, however, it is my responsibility to tell them that this is not acceptable. Whereas2 in some other countries attending meetings is not considered very important, in this country, and especially in this company, meetings must be attended on time. Not being on time causes inefficiency. I spent all night thinking about the exact words that I would use to explain my feelings. I even wrote my words down. I planned to discuss this problem at the meeting today, and entitled my speech “International Clock Talk”. Unfortunately, I have a problem---no one came to the meeting!

Questions:

1 What is the company’s greatest problem?

解析:从已知四个选项可知该题应该是问某些人对待开会的态度

2 Which of the following does the speaker consider is his duty as president of the company?

解析:通过浏览该题四个选项,同学在听时应该注意抓住某人要做什么

3 Why does lateness cause a decrease in efficiency?

解析:该题四个选项都是涉及原因,听时应该理解全文,把握全局

4 What did the company president do the previous night?

解析:从该题四个选项可知这个问题涉及的对象是he,而且是he做了某件事

5 Why couldn’t the president do what he had planned?

解析:从已知四个选项可知该题应该是问某个现象或某件事的原因

注释:

1 show up

1) 到来,出现

e.g. The president of the company had a problem to explain his feeling about late for meeting because there were only two employees showed up in the meeting.公司总裁没法向员工解释他关于开会迟到现象的看法,因为只有两个员工出席会议

2) show sb. up

a. 因举止失当使某人羞与为伍

e.g. He showed me up by saying such foolish words. 他居然说出如此愚蠢的话,使我羞于与之为伍(弄的我很难堪)

b. 显露某人不诚实后不名誉等

e.g. Jim showed him up as being greedy in face of money.

在金钱面前Jim显露出他贪婪的面目

2 whereas 然而(经常用于介绍与主句观点相反的看法或观点)

e.g. She prefers to spend income on clothing, whereas I’d rather spend on booking buying. 她总是把工资花在卖服装上,而我却宁愿把钱用来买书

whereas 可用while 来替换

e.g. Asian countries have large populations, whereas/while African countries have a few.亚洲国家人口众多,而非洲国家却人口稀少

Homework

Supplementary Listening

Task 1 Now you will hear a long conversation followed by five questions. Listen carefully and choose the best answer from the four possible choices.

W: I always thought that culture shock was something that would happen to other people, not to me.

M: Actually, I’m not totally certain what the words “culture shock” refer to.

W: Culture shock is the anxiety that occurs when a person moves to completely new surroundings.

M: Does it include a lack of direction and not knowing what is appropriate or inappropriate?

W: It sure does. And, it generally sets in a few weeks after arriving in a new place.

M: Is it a physical or mental discomfort?

W: It’s both. Most people suffer stress in their body and mind. It can result in feeling very tired, getting sick, becoming depressed and doing things you might otherwise think are wrong.

M: I think I’v experienced all of the symptoms(症状).

W: It’s only natural. When you first arrive, you don’t speak the language, don’t know how to use banking machines, don’t know how to use the telephone and so forth.

M: At the same time it can also be an opportunity.

W: I agree. It can help you develop a better understanding of yourself and encourage a sense of creativity.

Questions:

1 What did the woman first think about culture shock?

解析:该题四个选项并没有给我们提供太多的有用信息,因此学生要认真听懂该对话和问题后才能解答

2 Which of the following statements is NOT true about people experiencing culture shock?

3 How may culture shock affect people’s lives?

4 When the woman talks about the newcomer’s inability, which of the following is NOT mentioned?

5 How can culture shock also be an opportunity?

Task 2 Now you will hear a passage followed by five questions. Listen carefully and choose the best answer from the four possible choices.

Even though you may not be able to eliminate1 culture shock, there are ways to ease the stress. The following are some activities that can help:

Get out of your room or apartment, so you are able to experience first-hand what Americans are doing.

Make friends so you can talk to them and ask about what you don’t understand.

Read to learn about the culture of the country you’re in.

Find an activity that you can enjoy so you will be able to reduce stress and depression. Americans like to jog(慢跑) and they also like to play sports.

Find out from your host family or other Americans about community activities, religious services, or volunteer opportunities. Make the most of this opportunity to become a member of their community.

Improve your English. Ask about anything you don’t understand. Don’t be afraid to make mistakes. Someone will be happy to put you right.

Questions:

1 Why is it advised to get out of your room or apartment?

解析:从该题四个选项可知这个问题涉及某件事的原因

2 To whom can you talk when you want to understand the American culture?

解析:从该题四个选项可知这个问题涉及某个人群

3 Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a way to reduce your stress and depression?

解析:从该题四个选项可知这个问题涉及某个对象或行为

4 How might you become a member of the community?

解析:从该题四个选项可知这个问题涉及做某件事的方式

5 What should you do if you are NOT sure about how to say something?

解析:从该题四个选项可知这个问题涉及某个行为

注释:

1. eliminate

1) eliminate sb./sth. from 清除,消除(尤指不必要或不需要的某人)

e.g. After finishing reading, you’d better reread your essay in order to eliminate mistakes.写完文章后你最好再读一遍以消除错误。

2)干掉,淘汰某人

e.g. The soldier eliminated his enemy and survived.士兵干掉敌人,活了下来

e.g. I was eliminated from the contest in the second round.我在第二轮比赛中被淘汰。

答案:

Short Conversations

1.B 2.D 3.C 4.D 5.C 6.C 7.B 8.B 9.A 10.C

Long Conversation

1.D 2.D 3.A 4.B 5.C

Understanding a Passage

1.C 2.D 3.B 4.C 5.B

Movie Speech

1.upset 2.sick 3.law 4.harmless 5.break

6.replaced 7.memories 8.natural 9.birthday 10.appreciate

Story-retelling

1. Sit quietly and listen to him 2. A blank stare

3. Put it a different way 4. speak up in class

5. In turn/ a great deal of

Homework Listening

Task 1 1.D 2.C 3.B 4.D 5.B

Task 2 1.C 2.A 3.B 4.A 5.C

Task 3

1.the age, size and future 2.seventy years ago

3.increase with distance 4.late that month

5.a light year 6.distances in space

7.other measurements 8.support the idea

9.slow down and break up 10.or possibly even older

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