Stress in Phrases 短语重读
1. Stress the first word
When two individual words go through the cultural process of becoming a set phrase, the original sense of each word is more or less forgotten and the new meaning completely takes over. In set phrases, the first word is stressed. Also stress the first word with Street and nationalities of food and people.
English teacher, French class, White House, green house, dark room, atom bomb, mountain climbing, police car, body building, cable car, handout, outcome, interview, Bond Street.
2. Stress the Second Word
○1 When you have an ordinary descriptive adjective + noun combination that gives new or descriptive information that just happens to be the case at that time and could change, or a logical exception to a set phrase where the meaning is significantly changed, then the second word is stressed.
English teacher (from England), French class (Gallic style), a white house (any house that happens to be white), a green house, a dark room, atomic bomb, recreational vehicle, public official, city hall, social security, foreign affairs, down payment.
○2 Institutions, names, place names, titles, initials, chemical compounds, colors, and numbers, the noun following a number, reflexive pronouns, personal pronouns, compound verbs and most street designations (except when combined with Street) also take the stress in the last element.
Smithsonian Institution; James Brown; New York; Berkeley, California; Vice President; Secretary of State; London Times; LA; zinc oxide; blue green; Colt 45; 10 percent; myself; her own; his best; their car; understand; Fifth Avenue; Sunnybrook Lane; Wilshire Boulevard; Taykida Way; Beverly Drive, Sunset Road
3．Stress Both Words
○1 When the first word is a material, ingredient or component of the second, then both words are stressed.
Beef stew, peach pie, brick wall, silk shirt, gold watch, rubber duck
○2 Both words are stressed for the possessive.
In a pig's eye, a snowball's chance, a man's man, a king's ransom
More Practice: 练习
Set Phrases Descriptions Materials and Possessives
固定词组 描述 原材料和所有格
a light bulb a light bulb a glass bulb
blue jeans blue pants canvas pants
a goldfish a cold fish a gold fish
a greyhound a gray hound a clay hound
an inn key an old key an iron key
The White House a white house a wooden house
A wrist watch a nice watch a gold watch
A spider web a sticky web Charlotte's Web
A coffee cup a clean cup a ceramic cup
A steak knife a sharp knife a steel knife
A baby bottle a baby alligator a baby's bottle
a thumb tack a shiny tack brass tacks
a paint brush a stiff brush a wire brush
a baseball a new ball a leather ball
a machine gun a toy gun a metal gun
Band-aid fried egg a silk bow
firecracker a bright star an iron anchor
mailbox Mary Jones a paper envelope
a spray can Bob Smith a silver bell
a wine glass foreign affairs a woolen mitten
a footprint down payment a brick wall
a strawberry New York a gin martini
a fig leaf Social Security a man's man
an ice cream City Hall a rubber duck