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疯狂英语口语绝招-语音突破经典第10课

所属教程:疯狂英语口语绝招-语音突破经典

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Savvy 9第九招
Stress in Phrases 短语重读

1. Stress the first word
重音在第一个单词
When two individual words go through the cultural process of becoming a set phrase, the original sense of each word is more or less forgotten and the new meaning completely takes over. In set phrases, the first word is stressed. Also stress the first word with Street and nationalities of food and people.
两个独立的单词经过文化演变,成为一个固定词组后,词组里每一个单词的原意都不多不少地被遗忘,取而代之的是新的词义。在固定词组里,重读第一个单词。有Street一词的词组、食物的原产地和人的国籍也需重读第一个单词。

English teacher, French class, White House, green house, dark room, atom bomb, mountain climbing, police car, body building, cable car, handout, outcome, interview, Bond Street.

2. Stress the Second Word
重音在第二个单词
○1 When you have an ordinary descriptive adjective + noun combination that gives new or descriptive information that just happens to be the case at that time and could change, or a logical exception to a set phrase where the meaning is significantly changed, then the second word is stressed.
如果形容词与名词一起在特定情况下组成一个普通描述性的词组,而这个词组是可以变化的;或者当一个固定词组作为词组本身的一个合乎逻辑的例外出现而使其意思发生了重大改变时,重读应在第二个单词。

English teacher (from England), French class (Gallic style), a white house (any house that happens to be white), a green house, a dark room, atomic bomb, recreational vehicle, public official, city hall, social security, foreign affairs, down payment.

○2 Institutions, names, place names, titles, initials, chemical compounds, colors, and numbers, the noun following a number, reflexive pronouns, personal pronouns, compound verbs and most street designations (except when combined with Street) also take the stress in the last element.
机构、人名、地名、官衔、词首字母、化合物、颜色和数字,后跟有数字的名词、反身代词、人称物主代词、复合动词和街道名称(有Street一词的词组例外)都把重音放在最后。

Smithsonian Institution; James Brown; New York; Berkeley, California; Vice President; Secretary of State; London Times; LA; zinc oxide; blue green; Colt 45; 10 percent; myself; her own; his best; their car; understand; Fifth Avenue; Sunnybrook Lane; Wilshire Boulevard; Taykida Way; Beverly Drive, Sunset Road


3.Stress Both Words
两个单词都重读
○1 When the first word is a material, ingredient or component of the second, then both words are stressed.
如果第一个单词是第二个单词的原材料、成份或组成部分的话,那么两个单词都重读。

Beef stew, peach pie, brick wall, silk shirt, gold watch, rubber duck

○2 Both words are stressed for the possessive.
所有格的两个单词都要重读。

In a pig's eye, a snowball's chance, a man's man, a king's ransom

More Practice: 练习

Set Phrases Descriptions Materials and Possessives
固定词组 描述 原材料和所有格

a light bulb a light bulb a glass bulb
blue jeans blue pants canvas pants
a goldfish a cold fish a gold fish
a greyhound a gray hound a clay hound
an inn key an old key an iron key
The White House a white house a wooden house
A wrist watch a nice watch a gold watch
A spider web a sticky web Charlotte's Web
A coffee cup a clean cup a ceramic cup
A steak knife a sharp knife a steel knife
A baby bottle a baby alligator a baby's bottle
a thumb tack a shiny tack brass tacks
a paint brush a stiff brush a wire brush
a baseball a new ball a leather ball
a machine gun a toy gun a metal gun
Band-aid fried egg a silk bow
firecracker a bright star an iron anchor
mailbox Mary Jones a paper envelope
a spray can Bob Smith a silver bell
a wine glass foreign affairs a woolen mitten
a footprint down payment a brick wall
a strawberry New York a gin martini
a fig leaf Social Security a man's man
an ice cream City Hall a rubber duck

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