The Future Development of the U.S. Army
--Interview With Lieutenant General（Re.）Jay M.Garner，the Assistant Vice Chief of Staff of the Army 访美国陆军前副参谋长助理杰伊•加纳中将（退役）
MR.CHEN BOJIANG:I feel greatly honored to have this opportunity to gain your insights on the future development of the US Army today. I really appreciate that you have given me this chance to interview you today given your full schedule.
The U.S. Army has increasingly emphasized the exploitation of the Revolution in Military Affairs（RMA）on such efforts as Force XXI1 and Army After Next2. What is your interpretation3 of RMA to day? Can you give me an overview of the progress that the Army has made in the RMA research?
MR.GARNER:I know you've talked to Dr. Marshall and others on RMA.I think RMA is at least thirty years from now. Probably twenty, twenty-five, twenty-three. I don't see the Army making a leap to that right away because, from a practical sense, it can't do that. To make the great changes it has to make, the technologies are not there right now. The other thing is, in order for the Army to go to Army After Next, it has to live with4 the current set of weapons for about thirty years. In other words，you can't build a new tank right now. If you built a new tank today, it would look kind of like a tank today looks like. This is because the technology, the composite5 technologies aren't there the lightweight materials aren't there the more fuel efficient engines aren't there, the greater ranges of guns aren't there yet, so it will take another twenty-five to thirty years to do that. In the meantime, what the Army has to do is quit buying the things it's buying. It has to quit buying Brad leys and tanks and Apaches and Black hawks6 and those things in order to free up the money to be able to do Army After Next. So, there's a period there that's going to be probably twenty years long, twenty or twenty-five years long, where we're going to live with the equipment that we have now. So，the challenge to the Army is to make that equipment as good as it can be, and during that long period of time, where we're trying to develop Army After Next, is to make sure that we don't lose over match with the current set of equipment we have. So, The revolution in military affairs, yes, that's coming. But, it's not going to be rapid. It's going to take a very long time to do that.
MR. CHEN: What is the focus of the U.S. Army's RMA efforts? What are the most important changes in the Army that will be brought about by the RMA?
MR. GARNER: Information, the use of information. Yes. Use the information as a weapon. What will happen is you'll see a cultural change in the Army. A change in the way the Army thinks. The way it thinks in the future will be how to respond to the information it has how to use information that is much faster and how to take large volumes of information and distill7 it down to just exactly what you need. In doing that，I think you'll see the synergy8 of fires and maneuvers come closer together than they have before. I also think you'll see the disparity9 between the Army and its enemies get wider, because I don't think enemies will be able to use information as fast. So, you'll always be ahead of your enemies, thought wise, because of the information you have. Now, the danger there is the enemy taking that information away from you--two edged sword10.
MR. CHEN: Like the German Army's innovation of Blitzkrieg11 with the tank, how does the U.S. Army envision12 the use of today's technology for RMA advances?
MR. GARNER: Today's technology? I don't think today's technology will do it. It will have to be tomorrow's technology.
Today's technologies aren't going to make you much better than you are right now. You just get improvements on the margin13. Today’s technologies allow us to do evolutionary changes. Army After Next is going to be a revolutionary change. And, the technologies for revolutionary change aren't ready yet.
Yeah，the technologies that allow you to make revolutionary change aren't mature14 enough yet. They're not ready. So, even if you had all the money in the world and all the time, you still couldn't do it because the technology isn't there. It's just too immature.
MR. CHEN: The U.S. Army has begun research on the Force XXI and the Army After Next for several years. What is the main purpose and highlights of this research? What is the progress on this re-search?
MR. GARNER: Well，Army XXI is a process by which the Army is looking at a lot of things and a lot of concepts. That process will end by the close of the first decade of the next century. That process will be over about 2010.During the process, the Army will have culturally changed. The next process will be what happens between 2010 and 2025 or 2030. That will be the RMA and that will be the physical change in the Army. You see, the first ten or fifteen years, you change the culture you change the way you think and the way you do things. You make a mental15 change. So, you know mentally how to fight your new ways, you have the concepts and the doctrine to do that. But, the machines that allow you to do that aren't quite good enough yet. So, the next fifteen or twenty years will be the physical change. So, Army XXI is really a mental process of new ways，new concepts, new thoughts, new ideas, the changing of the culture. Then Army After Next, that's a physical change. Where the tanks of 2025 probably doesn't look anything like the tank today. So, there's really two things going. First thing is the mental change, the next thing is the physical change. The reason you don't do the physical change earlier is because you don't have the technologies they aren't mature enough yet. Do you understand?
I think you need to go through Force XXI in order to get to Army After Next, because of the thought process. You continue the thought process, experimentation and the new concept, and, by the end of Force XXI, we will have the concepts that we're going to fight for the next twenty or thirty years. The next step then will be making the machines that will allow you to fight that way.
Practise Listening to words 词汇听力练习:
1.Force XXI “21世纪陆军”（美陆军的一个研究项目）
2.Army After Next “后天的陆军”（美陆军的一个研究项目）
3.interpretation  n.解释，阐明
4.live with 与……一起
5.composite  adj. 复合的
7.distill vt. 提取
8.synergy  n. 协同（作用）
9.disparity  n. 差别，不同
10.two edged sword 双刃剑
11.blitzkrieg  n. 闪电战，奇袭战法
12.envision  vt. 预想，构想
13.margin  n. 页边的空白
14.mature  vi. 成熟
15.mental  adj. 精神的，智力的