On University Tuition System in China
Directions: It is reported that many universities in China have begun to charge students for tuition. Should university students in China pay their own tuition ? State two opposite opinions and illustrate them in detail. Write an essay of about 200 words within 40 minutes.
注：实 施：put …into effect 播 出：allocate vt.(=put aside)
教学设施：teaching facilities. 筹 集：raise vt.
办 学 校：run schools. 反 对：be opposed to +n. 或动名词
农村地区：rural areas 与…相比：compared with
沉重负担：a heavy burden 障 碍：obstacle
阻 碍：hinder…(from). 由 于：on account of
Tuition system has become one of the hottest topics in China since it was put into effect. Reports on this topic are published in a variety of newspapers and magazines. People differ greatly in their opinions on it.
Some people think that there is no university in the world which is open to students without tuition. As far as China is concerned, it is a developing country with the largest population in the world. The government is unable to allocate enough funds to pay for various teaching facilities and many different kinds of expenses. One of the ways to relieve the problem is for students to pay tuition. The money raised in this way can be used to improve the conditions for running schools.
Others, however, are opposed to the tuition system. They argue that the living standard of the Chinese people, especially of those in the poor rural areas, is still low, compared with that in the Western World. The university tuition will certainly add to the already heavy burden of the parents, who live on their salaries or wages. Moreover, tuition may become an obstacle to the development of China’s higher education. This is because it hinders some talented people from entering the university just on account of their poverty. (210 words)