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考研英语作文:两种人

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Two Types of People

     There are two types of people in the world. Although they have equal degrees of health and wealth and the other comforts of life, one becomes happy,  the other becomes miserable. This arises from the different ways in which they consider things, persons, and events, and the resulting effects upon their minds.

     The people who are to be happy fix their attention on the conveniences of things, the pleasant parts of conversation,the well-prepared dishes, the goodness of the wines, the fine weather. They enjoy all the cheerful things. Those who are to be unhappy think and speak only of the contrary things.Therefore, they are continually discontented. By their remarks, they sour the pleasures of society, offend many people, and make themselves disagreeable everywhere. If this turn of mind were founded in nature, such unhappy persons would be more to be pitied. The tendency to criticize and be disgusted is perhaps taken up originally by imitation. It grows into a habit, unknown to its possessors. The habit may be strong, but it may be cured when those who have it are convinced of its bad effects on their interests and tastes.

     Although in fact it is chiefly an act of imagination, it has serious consequences in life, since it brings on deep sorrow and bad luck. Those people offend many others, nobody loves them, and no one treats them with more than the most common politeness and respect, and scarcely that. This frequently puts them in bad temper and draws them into arguments. If they aim at obtaining some advantage in rank or fortune, nobody wishes them success. If they bring on themselves public disagreement, no one will defend or excuse them, and many will join to criticize their misconduct. These people should change this bad habit and condescend to be pleased with what is pleasing, without worrying needlessly about themselves and others. If they do not, it will be good for others to avoid any contact with them.

两种人

    世上有两种人。尽管他们同样健康、富有,同样享受生活的乐趣,但一种人快乐而另一种人却悲伤。这主要是源自他们对事物、人物和事件的不同看法以及由此对他们产生的不同影响。

    快乐的人把他们的注意力集中于事物的便利,谈话的愉悦感,美味佳肴,香醇的荚酒,晴好的天气。他们享受一切快乐的事。不快乐的人所想所做却恰恰相反,因此,他们总是不满足。由于其言辞不当,他们破坏了交往中的快乐气氛,伤害了许多人并使自己到处处于孤立的境地。若这种心态是与生俱来的,则不快乐的人更可悲。他们倾向于批评他人,厌恶他人,这可能最初是从别人那儿模仿得来的。逐渐地在不知不觉中就养成了一种习惯。这种坏习惯可能很顽固,但若有此习惯的人相信这种习惯对他们的兴趣和品味有不良影响时,这种习惯也可能被克服。

    虽然,事实上,这主要是一种想象行为,但它会给生活带来严重的后果,因为它会给人带来深深地痛苦和坏运气。那些人伤害许多人,没有人喜欢他们,没有人会以最基本的礼貌和尊重来对待他们,几乎没有。这使得他们脾气很坏,不断争吵。如果他们想要升职或聚敛财富,没有人会预祝他们成功;如果他们招致大众的批评,没有人会出来为他们辩护或原谅他们;相反,很多人也会加入大众之中批评他们的错误行为。这些人应改一改他们的坏习惯,放下架子,该高兴时就高兴,不必为自己和他人无谓地担心。如果他们不改的话,其他人最好别与他们有任何联系。


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