to begin with首先
【例】To begin with, smoking should be banned in public areas.
generally speaking 总体上讲
【例】Generally speaking, the more you practice, the more skillfully you can
write in English.
first of all 第一，首先
【例】First of all, many people in remote areas still live in poverty.
in the first place 首先
【例】In the first place, she can read at the rate of 100 words aminute.
【例】Thus, taking morning exercises regularly may reduce the chances of
in conclusion 最后
【例】In conclusion, universities should give larger amount of money to
in brief, in a nutshell 简言之
【例】In brief, birth control is of vital importance in China.
to sum up 总而言之
【例】To sum up, out of sight, out of mind.
in a word 总之
【例】In a word, country life is more beneficial than city life.
first 第一 second 第二 next 其次，然后 eventually 最后，最终 since then 自此以后
afterward 以后，随后 meanwhile 同时 therefore 因而 immediately 立刻 finally 最后，最终
【例】Finally, the country must not again go through the war.