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李阳疯狂英语口语突破之突破语法

所属教程:李阳疯狂英语口语突破之突破语法

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7、that引导的宾语从句 159. A:I think that Kim is a good teacher.;我认为Kim是个好老师。

B:You can say that again!;你说的没错。

8、whether/if引导的宾 语从句;

160.A:Do you know if Jim went there last night?;你知不知道吉姆昨晚有没 有去那儿?

B:Sure, I saw him there acting like a big shot.;当然,我看见他在那儿, 活象个大人物似的。

(1)A:Can you tell me if/whether anybody here found a black wallet?;你能告诉我这儿有没有人 发现一只黑色的钱包?

B:I'm not really sure. Why don't you ask the manager?;我不太清楚。你为什么不 问经理?

She can tell you if/whether anybody here found a black wallet.;她能告诉你这儿是否有人 发现黑色的钱包。

(2)A:Can you tell me if/whether I have the flu?;你能告诉我我是不是得了 感冒?

B:I'm not really sure. Why don't you ask Dr.;我不太清楚。 你为什么不问贝尔先生?

Bell? He can tell you if/whether you have the flu.;他能告诉你你是否得了感 冒。

(3)A:Do you know if/whether we are almost there?;你知道我们是不是就快到 了?

B:I'm not really sure. Why don't you speak to the flight attendant?;我不太清楚。你为什么不 问空中服务员?

She can tell you if/ whether we are almost there.;她会告诉你我们是不是就 快到了。

(4)A:Do you by any chance know;你是不是刚好知道

if/whether there is going to be an English exam tomorrow?;明天是否有英文测验?

B:I'm not really sure. Why don't you ask Mr.;我不太清楚。 你为什么不问帕克先生?

Parker? He can tell you if/whether there is going to be an English exam tomorrow.;他能告诉你明天是不是有 英文测验。

9,疑问词引导的宾语从句 161. A:I wonder what Kim has planned for tonight.;我想知道Kim今晚准备做 什么。

B:Beats me. You should ask her out.;我不知道,你应该请她出 去。

【额外奉献】 (1)A:Do you know when the plane to Chicago leaves?;你知道去芝加哥的班机几 时起飞吗?

B:I'm sorry.I don't know.You should ask the ticket agent.;对不起,我不知道。你应 该问售票代理人。

He can tell you when the plane to Chicago leaves.;他会告诉你去芝加哥的班 机几时起飞。

(2)A:Could you please tell me what is today's homework assignment?;你能告诉我今天的家庭作 业是什么吗?

B:I'm sorry. I don't know. You should ask the teacher.;对不起,我不知道。你应 该去问老师。

She can tell you what is today's homework assignment.;她会告诉你今天的家庭作 业是什么。

(3)A:Do you by any chance know how much this TV costs?;你是否刚好知道这台电视 要多少钱?

B:I'm sorry. I don't know. You should ask the salesman.;对不起,我不知道。你应 该问售货员。

He can tell you how much this TV costs.;他可以告诉你这台电视要 多少钱。

(4)A:Do you know where my mother went?;你知道我妈去了哪里?

B:I'm sorry. I don't know. You should ask the police officer over there.;对不起,我不知道。你应 该问那边的警察。

He can tell you where your mother went.;他会告诉你你妈去了哪里

(5)A:Do you have any idea how long Mr. And Mrs. Lane have been living here?;你知道兰茵先生和太太在 这里住了多久吗?

B:I'm sorry. I don't know. You should ask the superintendent.;对不起,我不知道。你应 该去问管理员。

He can tell you how long they have been living here.;他会告诉你他们在这儿住 了多久。

(6)A:Do you by any chance know why I was fired?;你是否刚好知道我为什么 被炒鱿鱼?

B:I'm sorry. I don't know. You should ask the boss.;对不起,我不知道。 你应该去问老板。

He can tell you why you were fired.;他会告诉你为什么炒了你

10,that引导的同位语从 句;

162. A:The rumor that there'll be a company merger soon spread.;公司将要合并的谣言很快 就传开了。

B: I'm sure it did. People in our company love to gossip.;我想是的。我们公司的人 就喜欢说闲话。

11、whether引导的同位 语从句;

163. A: We haven't decided the question whether he is capable or not.;我们还没有明确他到底有 没有能力。

B:The only way to decide is to give him a chance and see what he can do.;唯一的办法是给他个机, 看他能做些什么。

第十五章 状语从句 1、时间状语从句;

164. A: When I get my big raise, I'm going to buy a Mercedes Benz;等我加了薪,我就买部奔 驰。

B:Don't count your chickens before they are hatched.;小鸡还没孵出来,先别忙 着数有几只。

165. A:When are you going to come see my new house?;你什么时候来看看我的新 房子?

B:I will come when I have time.;我有时间就会来。

166. A:Are you ready for the exam today?;你今天的考试准备好了吗

B:No. While I was studying last night, I fell asleep.;没有,我昨晚学习的时候 睡着了。

【三最短文突破语法】 Friday the 13th (1) Yesterday was Friday the 13th.;13号星期五 (1)昨天是13号星期五。

Many people believe that Friday the 13th is a very unlucky day.;很多人相信13号星期五是 个非常倒霉的日子。

I, myself, didn't thi- nk so…until yesterday.;我自己可不这么想……直到 昨天为止。

(2) Yesterday I cut myself while I was shaving,;(2)昨天我刮胡子的时候 割伤了自己,

then I had an accident while I was driving to work.;然后开车上班的时候又出 了个事故。

My wife burned herself while she was cooking breakfast.;我太太煮早饭的时候把自 己给烫伤了。

My son poked himself in the eye while he was putting on his glasses.;我儿子戴眼镜的时候戳伤 了眼睛。

Our daughter spilled soup all over herself while she was eating dinner.;我女儿做晚饭的时候把汤 洒到她一身。

Both our children hurt themselves while they ere playing outside.;我们两个孩子在外面玩的 时候都弄伤了自己。

And we all got wet paint all over ourselves;而当我们坐在街道对面的 公园里,

while we were sitting in the park across the street.;我们都沾上了没干的油漆

(3) I'm not usually superstitious, but yesterday was a VERY unlucky day.;(3)我通常并不迷信,但 昨天实在运气太不好了。

So, the next time it's Friday the 13th, do yourself a favor! Take care of yourself.;所以,下一次碰到星期五 又是13号的时候,帮自己 一个忙吧!照顾好你自己

【额外成就感】 superstitious ☆A:I'm not very superstitious,;我不是很迷信,

but I do think it's bad luck to walk underneath a ladder.;但我觉得在梯子下走路运 气不好。

B:Of course you don't have to be superstiti- ous to think that.;你不用迷信也可以这么想

If you walk under a ladder and a hammer falls on your head it is really bad luck!;如果你在梯子下走路,有 把锤子掉下来砸在你头上 那就真的运气不好了。

167. A:Do I hear your new boss singing? B:He always sings as he works.;我是不是听到你的新老板 在唱歌? 他总是一边唱歌一边工作

168.A:I want you to take out this garbage! B:I'll do it after I finish this work.;我想你把垃圾拿出去。 我干完这件工作就会做的

169. A: How long have you lived in this apartment?;你在这套公寓里住多久了

B:I've lived here since I came to this city.;自从我来到这城市,我就 一直住在这儿。

170. A:Do you want to leave that package for Mr. Li?;你想把那个包裹留给李先 生吗?

B:I'll wait till he arrives and give it to him in person.;我会等到他来亲手给他。

2、地点状语从句 171. A:I can't believe you saved enough money to go abroad!;我真不敢相信,你居然存 了足够的钱去国外!

B:Where there is a will, there is a way.;有志者事竟成。

172. A:She follows him wherever he goes. B:I know, she is just like his shadow.;他去哪儿,她就跟到哪儿 我知道,她就象他的影子 一样。

3、条件状语从句 173. A:If you use your head, you'll find a way.;你要动动脑筋,就会想出 办法的。

B:Thanks for your advice, but I know that.;多谢忠告,我自然知道。

174.A:You will not pass the examination unless you study hard.;你要不努力学习的话, 考试就通不过了。

B:I know that. I just don't have enough time to study.;我知道,我只是没有足够 的时间学习。

Too Bad!;太糟了

Ronald wants to stay up late to watch a movie tonight, but he knows he shouldn't.;罗纳德今晚想晚点睡,看 一出电影。但他知道他不 应该这么做。

If he stays up late to watch a movie, he won't get to bed until after midnight.;如果他晚点睡看电影的话 他就要到后半夜才能睡觉

If he doesn't get to bed until after midni- ght, he'll probably be very tired in the;如果他到后半夜才睡觉, 他早上多半就会很累。

morning. If he's very tired in the morning, he might oversleep.;如果他早上很累的话,他 可能会睡过头。

If he oversleeps, he'll be late for work;如果他睡过头,他上班就 会迟到。

If he's late for work, his boss might get angry and fire him.;如果他迟到了,他老板也 许会很生气而且炒了他。

So, even though Ronald wants to stay up late to watch a movie toni- ght, he isn't going to;所以,尽管今天晚上罗纳 德想要晚点睡看一出电影 他也不准备看。

Too bad! It's a really great movie, but it's not good enough to risk losing his job!;太糟了!这是一出很棒的 电影,但没有好到让他去 冒失去工作的危险!

Ronald wants to stay up late to watch a movie tonight, but he knows he shouldn't.;罗纳德今晚想晚点睡,看 一出电影。但他知道他不 应该这么做。

If he stays up late to watch a movie, he won't get to bed until after midnight.;如果他晚点睡看电影的话 他就要到后半夜才能睡觉

If he doesn't get to bed until after midni- ght, he'll probably be very tired in the;如果他到后半夜才睡觉, 他早上多半就会很累。

morning. If he's very tired in the morning, he might oversleep.;如果他早上很累的话,他 可能会睡过头。

If he oversleeps, he'll be late for work;如果他睡过头,他上班就 会迟到。

If he's late for work, his boss might get angry and fire him.;如果他迟到了,他老板也 许会很生气而且炒了他。

So, even though Ronald wants to stay up late to watch a movie toni- ght, he isn't going to;所以,尽管今天晚上罗纳 德想要晚点睡看一出电影 他也不准备看。

Too bad! It's a really great movie, but it's not good enough to risk losing his job!;太糟了!这是一出很棒的 电影,但没有好到让他去 冒失去工作的危险!

4、让步状语从句 175. A:How was the weather in Beijing?;北京的天气怎么样?

B:It was not very cold although it was snowing.;虽然在下雪,天气不怎么 冷。

176. A:Though he was very tired, he did not give up.;虽然他很累,他还是没有 放弃。

B:I really admire his determination.;我真羡慕他的决心。

177. A:I'll keep my business going even if I have to sell my house.;我就算要卖了房子,也要 把生意继续下去。

B:Then you'd better look for a new wife!;那你最好去找个新老婆!

178. A: I'm going whether you like it or not.;不管你是否喜欢,我都要 去。

B:Your threats don't scare me.;你的威胁吓唬不了我。

5、原因状语从句;

179. A:I didn't go because it rained. B: Haven't you ever heard of an umbrella?;因为下雨,所以我没去。 难道你没有听说过有伞这 回事吗?

180. A:As you are evidently very busy, I will not waste your time.;既然你显然很忙,我还是 不浪费你的时间了。

B:Thank you for noticing. I'll talk to you when you I have a chance.;谢谢你这么有心。我有时 间就找你谈话。

181. A:Since you are going, I will go too.;既然你要去,我也去。

B:I guess I don't have to bother to invite you then.;我想我就不用费心请你了

182. A:Now that you have finished your work, you may go.;你完成了工作,你可以走 了。

B: Thank goodness for that!; 谢天谢地!

A:Hi, Mary! Did you have a good day today? B:No, I didn't. I had a TERRIBLE day.;嗨,玛丽!你今天过得好 吗? 不好,今天太糟糕了。

A:What happened? B:I had a bad headache all afternoon.;发生什么事? 我整个下午都头痛得厉害

A:Why did you have a bad headache? B:Because my boss shouted at me.;你为什么会头痛得这么厉 害呢? 因为我的老板冲着我大喊

A:Why did your boss shout at you? B:Because I arrived late for work.;你老板为什么要对你大喊 呢? 因为我上班迟到了。

A:Why did you arrive late for work? B:Because I had to walk to the office.;你为什么会上班迟到呢? 因为我得走路上班。

A:Why did you have to walk to the office? B:Because I missed the bus.;你为什么要走路上班呢? 因为我没赶上公共汽车。

A:Why did you miss the bus? B:Because I got up late today.;你为什么没赶上公共汽车 呢? 因为我今天起来晚了。

A:Why did you get up late? B:Because I went to a party last night.;你为什么起来晚呢? 因为我昨晚去参加聚会了

A:Why did you stay so late if you knew you had to work the next day?;你明知道第二天要上班为 什么还要那么晚才睡觉呢

B:Because I wanted to get away from the stress of the office;因为我想逃避办公室的压 力,

and people who ask too many questions!;还有那些问我太多问题的 人。

6、目的状语从句;

183. A:Do you like my new dress? B:Come closer, that I may see it better.;你喜欢我的新裙子吗? 靠近点,让我看得更清楚

184. A:I'm giving my boy a good education;我准备让我儿子接受良好 的教育,

so that he can more easily cope with life's difficulties.;这样他就能更容易去处理 人生的困难。

B:Education is the only gift you can never lose or have taken away from you.;教育是你永远也不会失去 的礼物,别人也拿不走。

185. A:Betty got up early in order that she might catch the early train.;贝蒂很早起床,以便赶上 早班火车。

B: What time does the early train leave?;早班火车什么时候走?

7、结果状语从句 186. A:I am so sleepy that I can't keep my eyes open.;我太困了,困得我眼睛都 睁不开。

B:What did you do last night?;你昨晚干什么了?

187. A:It is such beautiful weather that I don't like to stay in the office.;天气太棒了,我可不想呆 在办公室里。

B:If only the boss let us take some time off!;要是老板放我们假就好了

188. A:How did Jim become so successful? He was always a poor student!;吉姆怎么会这么成功的? 他以前可是个很差的学生

B:He worked very hard, so (that) he became rich in a very short time.;因为他很辛苦工作,所以 很快就有钱了。

8、方式状语从句 189. A:Kim, why are you eating with chopsticks?;Kim,你为什么用筷子吃 饭?

B:When in Rome, do as the Romans do.;入乡随俗嘛。(在罗马, 就象罗马人一样做。)

190. A:Why did you throw away all those papers from my desk? B:I did as you told me;你为什么把我桌上所有的 文件都丢了? 我是照你说的做的。

第十六章 定语从句 1、关系代词who, that, which作主语的定语从句;

191.A:Everyone that knows him likes him.;认识他的人个个都喜欢他

B:But they don't really know him as well as I do.;但他们可不象我这么了解 他。

192. A:Did you read that book? What's it about?;你读过这本书吗?讲什么 的?

B:The book is about a girl who falls in love with a thief.;这本书讲的是一个爱上了 小偷的女孩的故事。

193.A:I saw something in the paper which would interest you. B:Really? What was it?;我看报纸读到点东西, 你会感兴趣的。 真的吗?是什么?

2、关系代词whom, that, which作宾语的定语从句;

194.A: The fax that I received from him yesterday is very importante.;我昨天收到的他那封传真 是非常重要的。

B: What did it say?; 是吗?上面说什么了?

195. A: Where is the book (which) I bought this morning?;我今天早上买的书哪儿去 了?

B:I'm not your mother! I don't keep track of your things!;我又不是你妈!我可不帮 你照看你的东西!

196. A: Who's that guy (whom) you brought to the party last night?;你昨晚带去聚会的那个家 伙是什么人?

B:He's my new boyfriend. Isn't he handsome?;他是我的新男朋友。 他帅不帅?

3、whose引导的定语从句 197. A:What was the movie about that you saw last night?;你昨晚看的电影是讲什么 的?

B:The movie is about a spy whose wife betrays him.;这部电影讲的是一个间谍 他妻子背叛了他。

198. A: Would you like an ocean or a garden view?;你想要有海景的还是有花 园景色的?

B:I'd like a room whose window looks out over the sea.;我想要间窗户面向海的房 间。

4、who, which引导的非 限制性定语从句;

199. A:I prefer to ask John, who is a very clever guy, what I should do.;我宁愿去问约翰我该做什 么,他是个聪明的家伙。

B:I don't think he's that clever. He just likes to talk a lot.;我想他没那么聪明,他只 是喜欢夸夸其谈。

He is two faced and I don't trust him.;他是个两面派,我不相信 他。

200. A:The 8:15 train, which is usually on time, was late today.;8:15的那趟车平时都很准 时,但今天晚点了。

B:I know, and I missed a very important appointment!;我知道,我因此错过了一 个非常重要的约会!

201. A:Why did you pay for Stone's lunch again?;你为什么又给石头买晚餐

B:He said he had no money, which was not true.;他说他没有钱,但那不是 真的。

5、as引导的定语从句 202. A:Do you know a trick to help me learn English?;你是否知道什么诀窍可以 帮我学英语?

B:As we all know, there is no shortcut to learning English.;众所周知,学英语没有捷 径。

203. A:This book is not such as I expect.;这书不象我想象的那样。

B:I know, it is much more interesting than most grammar books.;我知道,这比大部分语法 要有趣得多。

6、when, where, why引 导的定语从句;

204. A:Why are you so attached to this old house?;你为什么对这个老房子这 么有感情?

B:This is the house where I was born.;这是我出生的那幢房子。

205. A:I'll never forget the day when I met you.;我永远都不会忘记我认识 你的那一天。

B:How many girls have heard that?;你对多少个女孩子说过这 句话?

206. A:Hi, Kim, what's new?;嗨,Kim,有什么事?

B:The reason why I'm calling you is to invite you to a party;我打电话(的原因)是想 请你参加一个聚会。

7、介词 + which, whom 引导的定语从句;

207. A:There are two classes from which to choose.;有两个班可以选择。

B:Choose the cheapest one please, since I'm the one paying for it.;挑个便宜的吧,付钱的可 是我啊。

208. A:This is the author of whom we've often talked.;这是我们常谈到的那位作 家。

B:He's really more handsome than I expected. Most authors aren't that attractive;他可真比我想象的帅。大 部分作家都没那么有吸引 力。

第十七章 虚拟语气 1、与现在事实相反的虚 拟语气;

209. A:If you loved me you wouldn't say that.;如果你爱我的话,就不会 说这种话了。

B:If you loved me, you wouldn't get upset at every little thing I say!;你如果爱我的话,也不会 为我说的每件小事而生气 了。

210. A: If I could help you, I would help you, but I'm not sure what to do.;如果我能帮你,我一定会 帮你,但我不知道要做什 么。

B: That's OK. I know you would help me if you could.;没问题,我知道你只要能 帮我都会帮我的。

【超级虚拟语气句型】 (1)If I were you, I would buy a new car.;如果我是你,我会买部新 车。

(2)If I were you, I would talk to the boss first.;如果我是你,我会先跟老 板谈一谈。

(3)If I were you, I would ask for a raise. (4)If I were you, I would study harder.;如果我是你,我会要求加 薪。 如果我是你,我会认真一 点读书。

(5)If I were you, I would consider both sides.;如果我是你,我会两面都 考虑。

(6)If I were you, I would go to the United States.;如果我是你,我就去美国

(7)If I were you, I would quit smoking. (8)If I were you, I would change my job.;如果我是你,我就戒烟。 如果我是你,我就换份工 作。

(9)If I were you, I would marry her.;如果我是你,我就跟她结 婚。

(10)If I were you, I would run for the President.;如果我是你,我就去竞选 总统。

2、与过去事实相反的虚 拟语气;

211. A:You wouldn't have met her if it hadn't been for me.;如果不是我的话,你根本 就不会认识她。

B:Yeah, and my life wouldn't be so miserable now if it hadn't been for you!;没错,如果不是你,我的 生活也不会这么悲惨。

【李阳老师学习英语的经历】 ☆I could have done better if I had been more careful.;我要是细心一点,是可以 做得更好的。

☆I could have shown you around the city if I had known you were in Beijing.;我要是早知道你在北京, 我就会带你到处去转转。

【对话突破虚拟语气】 下面送给大家五段小对话 征服虚拟语气绝不是梦!;

(1)A:Why didn't Peter take his umbrella to work today?;彼得今天为什么不带伞上 班?

B:He didn't know it was going to rain.;他不知道要下雨。

If he had known it was going to rain, he would have taken his umbrella to work.;如果他早知道要下雨,他 就会带上伞去上班了。

(2)A:Why weren't you in class yesterday?;你昨天为什么没来上课?

B:I wasn't feeling well. If I had been feeling well, I would have been in class.;我不舒服。如果我没生病 的话,我就会来上课了。

(3)A:Why didn't you do your homework last night?;你昨晚为什么不做功课?

B:I didn't bring my book home.;我的书没带回家。

If I had brought my book home, I would have done my homework.;如果我把书带回家的话, 我就会做功课了。

(4)A:Why didn't you come to the party last night?;你昨晚为什么不来参加晚 会?

B:I wasn't invited. If I had been invited, I would have come to the party.;没人请我去。如果请了我 的话,我就会去参加晚会 的。

(5)A:Why didn't you go to the movies with your friends last night?;你昨晚为什么不跟你的朋 友们去看电影?

B:I wasn't in the mood to see a movie.;我没心情看电影。

If I had been in the mood, I would have gone to the movies.;如果我有心情的话,我就 会去看电影了。

【三最短文突破虚拟语气】 Unexpected Guests (1) Linda had a very difficult situation at her house a few days;(1)琳达几天前在家里碰 到了很困难的局面。

ago. Her relatives from Hong Kong arrived unexpectedly,;她香港的亲戚一声招呼没 打就来了,

without any advance notice at all, and they wanted to stay for the weekend.;他们想在她家过周末。

They didn't even knock at the door. They just walked right in.;他们甚至连门都没敲就走 了进来。

(2) Needless to say, Linda was very upset.;2)不用说,这让琳达很 不舒服。

If she had known that her relatives from H.K were going to arrive and want to stay for the weekend,;(如果她早知道她香港的 亲戚要来过周末,

she would have been prepared for their visit.;她就会准备好他们的来访

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