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高考英语作文:四步打造高分英语作文

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作文是英语高考的重头戏,每年作文的类型和主题也不尽相同,作文分数的高低也直接影响着英语成绩的高低,因此英文作文的备考也就成了每年英语备考的重点之一。下面我就不同的文体来讲解一下如何打造高分英语作文:

一、各种类型作文的特点

图表作文

1.仔细审题,看懂图表的意思,整理要点,决定语言形式;

2.开头直截了当,尽高考资源网快入题,不要拐弯抹角,拖泥带水;

3.行文一般以10个句子为宜。若用少于8句话来表达,句子容易表达不清;若用多于10句话来描述,则句子零乱与琐碎,文章缺乏整体感;

4.用最有把握的词语句型将规定内容加以表达,并根据图表大意议论;

5.应按照合理顺序,适当使用一些过渡性的连接词,将句子连珠成串;

6.结尾要干净利落,既不能拉杂,也不能草率,要显得自然,恰当得体。

提示议论文

文章开头,能依据提示确立主题句(topic)阐明观点或看法;使用连接词分层次说明理由、缘由(supporting sentences);归纳总结,首尾呼应。做到论点正确无误;论据可靠充分。论据可以是人们公认的真理,也可以是经过实践考证的经典著作;论证合理严密。常用论证法有归纳法、推理法、对比法。

记叙文

一般说来有时间、地点、人物、事件、原因和结果六要素,写作时要明白清楚地给予表达。记人时,要注意介绍人物的身世、经历和事迹等。叙事时要描写事情发生与发展的过程。

应用文

主要以写信为主。英文书信由6个部分组成。它们是信头、信内地址、称呼、正文、结束语、签字。格式一定要正确。信的正文和写文章一样,要分段写,每一段有一个中心思想。

二、四步打造高分英语作文

Step1:确定文体

常用文体有记叙文、说明文,还有应用文如书信等。近几年的高考书面表达多以应用文为主,提供的形式多以图画、提纲、表格出现,书写的格式大都是书信、通知。所以,考生还应该掌握信的称呼、开头、正文、结尾、签名等方面,另外,口头通知和书面通知的不同要清楚。总之,考生应根据写作提示分析材料,确定文体,闯过第一关。

Step2:确定时态和人称

考生要根据选好的文体和写作内容确定时态。一般来说,记人叙事多用一般过去时;发布通知多用一般将来时和祈使句式;发表议论大多用带有情态动词的一般现在时;人物介绍、现状说明常用一般现在时和现在完成时。定准时态后接下来一定要知道各时态的构成及用法要点,但要记住,写作时时态并不惟一,要依据表达内容而选定。

Step3:确定所需主要词汇和所用表达结构

在以上两确定的基础上,应该根据文章体裁和内容逐个地确定写作要点。对于图画和图表可在草稿纸上用中文列出。理清要点,然后选词造句,对列出的要点逐一翻译。这时要注意力求语言准确得当。平时写作要多进行发散思维,如是用very sorry还是terribly sorry;是surprised还是astonished。同时考生应学会尽可能使用较高级的语法结构和词汇,如非谓语动词、复合句等。最大限度地完美文章。

Step4:整理成篇 行文连贯

接下来要根据内容分清文章的层次,确定详略,将写好的单句要重新排列组合起来,使之前后连贯成一篇完整的文章。同时选用恰当的关联词使文章过渡自然,行文流畅。另外,根据内容编排,该分段时要分段,使表达清楚,一目了然。行云流水,整齐划一,闯过写作第四关。

三、作文模板

1.图表作文模板                

as is shown/indicated/illustrated by the figure/percentage in the table(graph/picture/pie/chart), __作文题目的议题__ has been on rise/ decrease(goes up/increases/drops/decreases),significantly/dramatically/steadily rising/decreasing from__ in __ to __ in __. From the sharp/marked decline/ rise in the chart, it goes without saying that __.

 There are at least two good reasons accounting for __. On the one hand, __. On the other hand, __ is due to the fact that __.In addition, __ is responsible for __.Maybe there are some other reasons to show __.But it is generally believed that the above mentioned reasons are commonly convincing.

 As far as I am concerned, I hold the point of view that __. I am sure my opinion is both sound and well-grounded.

2.议论文模板

There is a widespread concern over the issue that __作文题目_____. But it is well known that the opinion concerning this hot topic varies from person to person. A majority of people think that _ 观点一________. In their views there are 2 factors contributing to this attitude as follows: in the first place, ___原因一_______.Furthermore, in the second place, ___原因二_____. So it goes without saying that ___观点一_____.

People, however, differ in their opinions on this matter. Some people hold the idea that ___观点二_______. In their point of view, on the one hand ___原因一_______. On the other hand, ____原因二_____. Therefore, there is no doubt that ___观点二______. 

 As far as I am concerned, I firmly support the view that __观点一或二______. It is not only because ________, but also because _________. The more _______, the more ________.

3.应用文(申请信)模板

Your address

Month, Date, year

Receiver's address

Dear ...,

I am extremely pleased to hear from you./ to see your advertisement for the position in .... And I would like to write a letter to tell you that.../ I am confident that I am suitable for the kind of the job you are advertising.

.../ I feel I am competent to meet the requirements you have listed. On the one hand, .... On the other hand, .... I am enclosing my resume for your kind consideration and reference.

I shall be much obliged if you will offer me a precious opportunity to an interview. I will greatly appreciate a response from you at your earliest convenience/ I am looking forward to your replies at your earliest convenience.

Best regards for your health and success.

Sincerely yours,

X X X

熟记一些模板也能起到事半功倍的效果,有备无患嘛!


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