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[写作经验]GRE作文如何拿到5分?

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shangzening

2016年05月22日

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1)选用好的工具去准备复习。

我们生活在一个有各种方便学习工具的年代,应该好好利用这些东西来准备GRE。在这里我推荐以下几种我用过的:

有道词典 (这个APP可以装在手机上,可以装在电脑上,不管android/iOS还是windows/Mac都有版本,里面最有用的是一个叫有道单词本的东西,记过的单词,可以储存起来,随时随地都可以看,还可以自行customize测试题)

你的手机里的各种GRE做题程序。尤其推荐iPad上一款叫GRE+, 由Arcadia Prep, Inc准备的数学题。非常好。

EverNote (一个我放在iPad上可以随时记作文灵感的app,手机上也有,记录了所有的作文题,没事翻出来一个看看然后想points)

2)浏览有用的网站

推荐Magoosh (http://magoosh.com/gre/) 网站。这个网站真的非常好。大家应该去看。比什么Kaplan, Princeton Review来得好多,对GRE的分析很到位,很细腻。

3)看英文的一些新闻

比较简单的英文文章可以在The Atlantic, Good Magazine, New York Times看到。还有比较晦涩难懂的,譬如Barnes & Noble Review。鉴于GRE经常时不时考一些book review的文章,看这个会有帮助。

啊。。。有点扯题了。我好想本来应该讨论作文的,结果讨论成笼统的整个gre了。。。好吧,我现在开始讲我怎么准备作文的。

1)首先是搜集材料。

写GRE作文里面有一个很有用的论证方法就是举例论证。当然有很多更抽象的方法可以来证明我们的观点。但是举例论证无疑是最容易的。那么例子从哪里来呢?

与其去学习其他GRE作文的例子,不如自己搜集例子,这样可以避免抄袭。而且自己得来的资料自己也比较熟悉。不会说临时忘记时间人物地点什么的。

例子不宜多。太多记不住。每个分类的记录几个正的反的。

比如,关于政治家的ethic problem,可以用克林顿,或者尼克松来做例子。

每个分类都应该有自己的例子。政治有政治的例子。历史有历史的例子。教育有教育的例子。

如果能用时下最新新闻里报道的一些事来做例子,那是再好不过。让改卷人耳目一新,而不是一直看着那几个翻来覆去反复使用的旧故事。

2)分类准备points

这里我强烈推荐大家去用《谁来拯救我的GRE ISSUE》一书。寄托里有人分享下载。

当然,我没有那么多的时间,去整本看完。我主要是看它的分类。一共有五大分类:历史文化传播, 思想文化行为,成长学习教育,政治法律社会,科技生活时代。每个大分类之下,又把类似的文章分成几个小类别。所以,只要这些小类别,你都去想想一些points,正反的观点。然后看看你那几个自己备用的例子能不能adapt上去,就相当于整个题目你已经提前审题好了。

我来一个example吧:

-- 关于政治家的道德, 有以下两个小题目:

104: To be an effective leader, a public official must maintain the highest ethical and moral standards. (Claim)

107: To be an effective leader, a public official must maintain the highest ethical and moral standards. (Statement)

我的提纲是这样的:

Introduction: I fundamentally agree that public officials must adhere to high ethical and moral standards which are beneficial to the their leadership as well as the society, although it is not their political duty to pursue the highest uprightness in morality.

1、First of all, public morality and successful leadership are for sure closely connected.

(1)Consider many leaders, such as Hitler, whom most people would agree were egregious violators of public morality -> such leaders forfeit their leadership as a result of the immoral means by which they obtained or wielded their power.

(2)Watergate scandal (a break-in into Democratic National Committee offices before American election and the subsequent attempts in cover-up by Nixon; Nixon administration's abuse of power toward the goal of undermining political opposition). President Nixon, whose contempt for the very legal system that afforded him his leadership led to his forfeiture of it.

2、The leader has a social responsibility to be morally upright in order to set a good example for the society

(1)All the people who deal with him, whether those working under him or the common people , look up to him. He has responsibilities that he has to fulfill. Such an official needs to be exemplary by setting moral standards . This is because a good leader should act as a motivator and the best motivation to adhere to rules and regulations can be provided by a leader if he practices the regulations himself.

(2)Bill Clinton: Although he was involved in the Lewinsky Scandal , he was considered to be an effective leader. But immorality is very infectious and could creep into the system very quickly . Thus people who would not support my stand could have Mr. Clinton as an excuse for being effective without being a man of morals and integrity. If moral values are compromised by leaders or if they are found to be involved in scandals , their image is smeared in the eyes of the people . Their decisions are scrutinized and their motives will be doubted. This would lead to ineffective leadership. He could have been a more effective leader if he would not have been involved in such a scandal. He admitted his mistake and finally he ,too stuck to morality to salvage his lost pride .

3、However, it is unrealistic to demand highest or complete pureness in politicians' morality.

(1)In Machiavellians' political thoughts, it is of most importance for politicians to maintain his power and orderliness of the state instead of pursuit of justice.

A、Politicians are ruling a world which is itself not morally good.

(2)Some prominent figures lie, not for self-serving reasons, but in attempt to secure what they saw as morally important political goals.

A、In those elections, you can't expect whatever the candidate says is true. They are using political tactics or tricks to convince the electorate to vote for them.

(3)As long as ... then it is okay.

这个提纲可能过于详细了。但是你要知道,经常这样去brainstorm,有时候一个题目总是忍不住就会有很多想法,于是灵感就来了。东西也写出来了。


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