英语音标 学英语,练听力,上听力课堂! 注册 登录
> 音标发音 > 教你发美音 >  列表

教你发美音Course #2 LESSON 1: SEPARATING THE HARD & SOFT VOWE

所属教程:教你发美音

浏览:

随身学
扫描二维码方便学习和分享
http://online2.tingclass.net/lesson/shi0529/0001/1145/9.mp3
http://image.tingclass.net/statics/js/2012

[LANGUAGE NOTE: Second language English speakers form almost any language have at least some trouble separating the hard and soft vowels in each of the following pairs. Speakers from ROMANCE LANGUAGES have particular trouble with the soft forms. Speakers from RUSSIAN and other SLAVIC LANGUAGES and speakers of YIDDISH and HEBREW have more trouble with the hard forms. BUT -- these pairs represent one of the most important pronunciation skills for any second language English speakers.]

Listen closely to the instructions in lesson One of the tape. It will explain how to create the differences between the hard and soft sounds in each of four pairs of vowels. Each of the hard sounds has at least some of the characteristics of a diphthong -- (1) there is more rear-tongue movement, (2) there is a second stage or "echo" on the vowel, and (3) there is a slight downward pitch glide. The soft vowel in each pair is short, stays on one pitch, and has little or no movement in the back of the tongue.

 

SECTION #1: HARD E and SOFT I {Counter #_______}

 

L1/S1-A: "The Hard E"

Phonetic Symbol : [ i ]

COMMON SPELLINGS :

"ee" as in TREE, SEEM, EEL
"e+consonant+e" as in CONCRETE, SUPREME, SCENE
"ea" as in MEAT, PEAS, EAN
"y" as in MARY, HAPPILY, ENVY

OCCASIONAL SPELLINGS:

"ie" as in YIELD, IECES
"ei" as in CEILING
"i" as in SKI, INTRIGUE, MACHINE

 

EACH, EVEN, SEE, KEY, GREEN, TREE
HE, SHE, WE, ME, BE
VERY, HAPPY, COUNTRY, SOFTLY, QUICKLY
EEL, MEAL, SEAL, DEAL, APPEAL, REAL, WHEEL


- THE GREEN CAR WENT SPEEDING ON THE FREEWAY.
- SHE WAS HAPPY TO BE EATING CHEESE.
- HE HURT HIS KNEE WHILE SKIING VERY RAPIDLY.
- DON'T TEASE ME; MY MONEY IS REAL.
- I'M VERY SORRY YOU DON'T AGREE WITH ME.

Now here are additional worlds and sentences containing this hard sound which are not recorded on the tape.

 

each see teach fleece key me
deal equal eager police knee green
agree feed easy unique meal tree
cheat either ego ceiling please supreme
free speak be needle freeway eaves
machine tea fee team money Eden
achieve scene keen squeeze enough pieces
yield beat meat stream esteem beak
intrigue need neat jubilee fever three


- Please cease to creep through the Garden of Eden.
- Meat and cheese were served under the tree.
- He twisted his knee while skiing fleetly down the peak.
- Steve went to pieces because he was green with envy.
- The speed demon careened off the freeway.
- He teased the eager Marine with sneezing powder.
- Meat, peas, and beans each provide protein.
- He achieves intrigue by agreeing to speak Japanese.
- She cheated me by dealing thirteen threes.
- The reason for ceasing to speak was the parrot's beak.
- Jean and the team serenely jumped onto the beam.

 

L1/S1-B: "THE SOFT I"

Phonetic Symbol : [ I ]

COMMON SPELLINGS:

"i" as in IT, SIT, STILL, IN, SISTER, VISIT, INFANT

OCCASIONAL SPELLING:

"y" as in "symbol" and "typical"

 

IT, IS, SISTER, VISIT, TIP, BIG, DIFFERENT
IN, INSIDE, INTEREST, HINT, HIMSELF, WINTER
ILL, SILK, HILL, BILL, FILL, UNTIL, PILL
- GO INSIDE AND SIT STILL.
- THIS WINTER WILL BE DIFFERENT.
- BILL VISITED HIS RICH SISTER.
- PICK HIM UP ON FIFTH AVENUE.
- WE LIFTED THE INFANT OUT OF HIS CRIB.

Now, here are additional word and sentence drills for this vowel which are not recorded on the tape.

 

inside mill pick physical wind city
still hill cymbals witty ill sister
flip exhibit disappear zipper income lift
history linen winter hint different mistake
assist rich interest pyramid brittle exhibit
pitch infant invisible quiver big live
will trip lick crib visit tickle


- Winter differs incredibly in its impact on individuals.
- The inspector charged interest on Wilma's income tax.
- The clinician instantly investigated the infant's itch.
- Sit inside the pavilion instead of in the sun.
- The chicken committed itself to the interest of dinner.
- I intend to split the pit in the middle of the cherry.
- I instantly intended to imply that you were ignorant.
- The infant twitched and gripped the crib.
- Inspector Smith hinted at mistakes in the investigation.
- Jill will tickle her big sister immediately.
- Pick him up at the liquor store on Fifth Street.

 

L1/S1-C: CONTRASTING "HARD E" and "SOFT I"

In this "contrast" section, for this and the three other pairs, I will put hard brackets [ ] around the hard vowel and soft brackets { } around the soft vowel.

 

-- S{I}T {I}N THAT S[EA]T BY THE W{I}NDOW.
-- SH[E] BROKE HER H[EE]L WHILE CLIMBING THE H{I}LL.
-- THE T[EA]M GR{I}NNED AFTER S[EE]ING THE GR[EE]N F[IE]LD.

Now, here are additional word drills for this vowel contrast which are not recorded on the tape.

 

[ ] { } [ ] { }
seep sip peak pick
heel hill keel kill
meal mill Neal nil
real rill wheel will
feel fill eel ill
peel pill seal sill
leap lip cheap chip

SECTION #2: "HARD A" and "SOFT E" {Counter #.............}

 

L1/S2-A: The "HARD A"

Phonetic Symbol: [ ei ]

 

COMMON SPELLINGS:
"a+consonant+e" as in TAKE, SAGE
"ei" as in WEIGH, NEIGHBOR
"ay" as in MAY, DAY, WAY
"ai" as in AIM, AID, FAIL, MAIL
OCCASIONAL SPELLINGS:
"a" as in AVIATOR, APRIL
"ei" as in EIGHT

 

[LANGUAGE NOTE: More than any other vowel in human speech, the hard A is susceptible to upward gliding lilt. This is especially true for speakers of Hungarian, Finnish, Polish, and many of the languages of Africa and the Asian sub-continent. Do not permit this diphthong to slide up in pitch. ]

 

AIM, DAY, SAY
ALE, MALE, SAIL
- TODAY'S DATE IS APRIL THE EIGHTH.
- THE FREIGHT TRAIN TRAVELED AWAY FROM THE STATION.
- STAY AWAY FROM THE TRAIL WHEN IT IS RAINING.

 

Now, here are additional word and sentence drills for this hard vowel which are not recorded on the tape.

 

weight player neighbor aviator frame ale
chased face instigate ailing haze ate
rainfall maybe fail freight lake ace
display wayward male April jade ape
fateful fray inflame Kate labor base
baby haste blamed trail mail lace
take age dame jailer nasal aim
great safety failure Macy's nation page
came fate mistake whale plague sage


- A great April shower came our way today.
- They paid the price for delaying the instant replay.
- The ailing aviator chased the victory for its own sake.
- They blamed the dame with the famous face.
- The able often stray in this fateful age.
- Make haste; delay may instigate a fray.
- Statesmen hasten to awaken the nation these days.
- I may portray Dorian gray on the stage in a play.
- Nathan felt the weight of the fateful delay in rainfall.
- My real estate agent has a gabled house on three acres.
- Eight whales sprayed water as they came safely away.

 

L1/S2-B: THE "SOFT E"

Phonetic Symbol: [ e ]

 

COMMON SPELLINGS:
"e" as in TWENTY, ENTER, SELL
OCCASIONAL SPELLINGS:
"ea" as in SPREAD, SWEAT "ai" as in SAID
"a" as in ANY, MANY "ie" as in FRIEND

 

GET, READY, AGAIN, EVERY, ENEMY, FRIEND, BED, GET, READY, TEN, SENT
SELL, WELL, BELL, TELL
- MY FRIEND IS RESTING IN BED.
- ED SENT TEN LETTERS TO THE ENEMY.
- GET THE ROOM READY BEFORE THE DEADLINE.
- THE SENATOR MEANT EVERYTHING HE SAID YESTERDAY.
- THE GENERAL SLEPT IN HIS HEADQUARTERS.

Now, here are additional word and sentence drills for this soft vowel which are not recorded on the tape.

 

twenty embrace semester fence red nest
enter tenth emulate friend Ben get
effort fresh deadline left Ken legs
net center federal mental Ted bed
men celebrate tender wreck gem stem
when memory shelf spread jet ebb
render mentor crescent sweat wet eggs
element western credit election well bent
century letter dilemma intellect sell test


- Ed rented the penthouse at an exorbitant price.
- Ten and ten eventually get you twenty.
- I meant every word I said in the elementary section.
- Ben was a general from several sections of Tennessee.
- Don't lose your temper when I enter the room.
- The song was rendered by men who twenty cents.
- He was especially edgy after the separation.
- I can't accept this mental dilemma.
- My ex-friend wrecked the mended fences.
- Jeff's hot temper tested his self-confidence.
- September seventh was a red-letter day.

 

L1/S2-C: Contrasting "Hard A" and "Soft E"

 

-- [EI]GHT M{E}N CAN'T G{E}T THROUGH THE G[A]TE.
- D{E}NNIS IS T[A]KING A T{E}CHNICAL COURSE.
- M{E}L IS A M[AI]L ARRIER.
-- S[AI]L THE BOAT OUT W{E}ST, AND THEN S{E}LL IT.

Now, here are additional word and sentence drills contrasting the two vowels in Pair #2.

 

{ } [ ] { } [ ] { } [ ]  
led laid tread trade Ken cane  
tell tail sell sail Mel mail  
bet bait den Dane get gate  
led laid men main tech take  
wes waste shed shade wed wade  
bell bail hell hail fell fail  

SECTION #3: "HARD OO" and "SOFT oo" {Counter #______}

 

L1/S3-A: THE "HARD OO"

Phonetic symbol: [ u ]

 

COMMON SPELLINGS:
"oo" as in SMOOTH, SPOON, COOL
"ew" as in BREW, THREW, SEWER
"u" as in SUSAN, STUDIO, RUBY, TRUTH
OCCASIONAL SPELLINGS:
"o+consonant+e" as in MOVE PROVE
"ui" as in JUICE "ue" as in BLUE, DUE
"o" as in WHO "ou" as in COUPE, TOUPEE

 

SMOOTH, SPOON, BOOT, MOON, TRUTH
SCHOOL, COOL, RULE, FOOLISH
- IT'S TRUE THAT THE NEW SCHOOL IS A GLOOMY PLACE.
- HE CLEANS THE STUDIO EVERY TUESDAY AT NOON.
- SHE LIKES THE VIEW OF THE MOON ON JUNE NIGHTS.
- DRINK FRUIT JUICE WHEN YOU HAVE THE FLUE.
- JUDY WAS VERY RUDE TO SUSAN.

Now practice these additional words and sentences for the "Hard OO" vowel which are not recorded on the tape.

 

spoon prunes brew roof
smooth boost flute who
sewer moon rumor through
blue fruit prove room
coupons gloomy true shoe
prove threw truth food
plumage school rude boot
troupe ruby pool cool
bloom juicy loose move


- I always knew that prunes grew under the blue moon.
- The gloomy June moon is moving foolishly.
- At two past noon, I heard hooves on the roof.
- It's true that Sue proves school is gloomy.
- Give the student a boost with your boot.
- Rumor has it that raccoons buy fruit with coupons.
- Newman got juiced because Stu threw brew into the soup.
- After his review, the pupil developed a loose screw.
- Judy was rude to Susan.
- The crew brewed the stew for two hours.

 

L1/S3-B: THE "SOFT oo"

Phonetic Symbol: [ U ]

 

COMMON SPELLING:
"oo" as in WOOD, FOOT, TOOK
"u" as in BULLET, FULL, BUSHEL, PUT
OCCASIONAL SPELLINGS:
"o" as in WOLF, WOMAN
"ou" as in WOULD, COULD, SHOULD

 

COULD, GOOD, SHOULD, WOODEN, FOOT, GOOD-BYE, WOLF, TOOK, LOOK
PULL, BULL, FULL, BULLET
- HE TOOK A LOOK UNDER THE CAR'S HOOD.
- THEY PULLED THE WOLF OUT OF THE WOODS.
- THERE ART GOOD BOOKS IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD LIBRARY.
- THE BUTCHER'S STEAKS LOOKED REALLY GOOD.
- DR. GOODMAN TOOK A BULLET OUT OF THE MAN'S FOOT.

 

And some additional drills for this soft vowel:

 

wooden bullet boulevard could hook
careful bullion bully nook pull
helpful forsook butcher push bush
pulpit boogie booklet wood put
Pullman goodness rookie full foot
ambush hooded footwear soot good
should crook woman took book
good-bye sugar brook bull wolf
bushel pudding cushion hood good
couldn't wouldn't stood Ludwig look


- We pulled the wolf from the woods to the boulevard.
- The butcher's hook took out the sooty bully.
- Dr. Goodman took the bullet from the rookie's foot.
- Woody stood up wearing cushioned footwear.
- I understood there was a good book in the library.
- Brooks was hoodwinked from the pulpit by Mr. Cook.
- Only tourists put bushels of soot in the brook.
- Captain Hook ate a bushel of cookies.
- I couldn't have understood the crook's motives.
- The Pullman conductor took a look at his ticket book.

 

L1/S3-C: CONTRASTING "HARD OO" and "SOFT oo"

 

-- WE P{U}LLED HIM OUT OF THE SWIMMING P[OO]L.
-- HE P{U}T HIS F{OO}T IN THE N[EW] B[OO]T.
-- THE W{O}MAN SAID G{OO}D-BYE TO HER ST[U]DENTS..
-- HE C{OU}LDN'T PR[O]VE THAT THE N[EW]S WAS TR[UE].

 

And here are some additional contrasts between the hard and soft vowels which aren't recorded on the tape.

 

[ ] { } [ ] { }
wooed wood cooed could
pool pull fool full
who'd hood shoed should
stewed stood Luke look

 

PAIR #4: "HARD O" "SOFT AW" {Counter #........}

 

L 1/ S 4-A: "THE "HARD O"

Phonetic symbol: [ ou ]

 

COMMON SPELLINGS:
"o" as in OVER, OCEAN, NOTION, POLAR, TOMATO
"o+consonat+e" as in WROTE, QUOTE,,SMOKE
" ow" as in ROW, BOWL, GROW
OCCASIONAL SPELLINGS:
"ew" an in SEW "os " as in SOAK, LOAF
" oe " as in WOEFUL "ough" as in FURLOUGH

 

GO, HOME, MOTION, OVER, OCEAN, NO, GROW, ECHO, PHONE, NOBODY
GOAL, ROLE, MOLD, COLD
- I HOPE I CAN GO HOME TOMORROW.
- SHE ROWED THE BOAT OVER THE OCEAN.
- HE WROTE HOME HOPING FOR A BIG LOAN.

 

Now some additional drills for the "Hard O" vowel:

 

romance notion phone grow loan
lowly co-host oaken legato hope
furlough ghost slowly sew solo
apropos grocery ocean window soak
romance dough staccato bold loan
photo blown moment loaf row
wrote tomato motion loco flow
polar bloated don't moan over
pathos woeful float cone echo


- Long ago people slept on the cold earth.
- Slowly the ocean rolled toward the row of homes.
- The oboe and celled sat alone, echoing tone for tone.
- He was bloated after eating a roast and a tomato.
- Of all the folks I know, he is the most hopeful.
- The rowboat slowly floated in the ocean.
- I told Joan that the snow is flown in from Ohio.
- Smoke rolled out the open end of the hotel window
- Joan wrote to Joe, hoping for romance.
- I told the owner of the boat to be bold.
- I took the dough out of the bowl to make the loaf.

 

L 1/ S 4-贐: "THE "SOFT AW"

Phonetic symbol: [ ?]

 

COMMON SPELLINGS:
"a (1) " as in WALK ALL MALL
" au" as in SAUCE APPLAUD LAUNDRY CAUSE
" aw" as in AWFUL FLAN JAW LAWN
OCCASIONAL SPELLINGS:
"O" as in CLOTH, OFF, SONG, MOSS
All, WALK, RAW, OUGHT
APPLAUD, TAUGHT, NAUGHT, NAUTICAL, CAUSE, SAUCE
OFTEN, CLOTH, LOST, SALT
- THE TALL AUTHOR PAUSED AND WALKED HOME.
- LEAVES FALL ON THE LAWN VERY OFTEN.
- PAUL ATE SOME REALLY AWFUL SAUCE.
- DON'T WALK OFF WITH SUCH A BAD COUGH.

 

Now try these extra words and sentences for the "Soft AW" vowel which are not recorded on the tape.

 

applaud laundry sought naught draw gnaw
chalk flawless loft Walker flaw lawn
coffee shawl tongs thought mall awe
malted bawdy strong caught moth walk
author mothball wrong brought hall jaw
taught hallway glossy bought loft off
vault cloth vaulted pause long all
cause nautical cough tall lost wall
autisti cought wrought laud raw stall


- The tall author walked often.
- The awkward, awful, strong man walked home.
- Lost boys often become flawless at reform school.
- Horses often cost more than the monthly draw.
- The dog fought the moth he had brought home.
- He stalked the ball and then vaulted down the hall.
- The awful sauce made Paul pause and then walk away.
- The cat crawled across the lawn with its hurt paw.
- Right or wrong, we applauded the awkward author.
- The cloth in the hall smells of moth balls.
- You taught me to vault flawlessly without falling.

 

L 1/ S 4-C: CONTRASTING "HARD O" & "SOFT AW"

 

-- [0]VER {A}LL, CL{0} TH IS BETTER THAN G[0]LD.
-- I S{AW} HIM W{A}LK H[0]ME AL[0]NE.
-- D[0]N'T F{A}LL IN THE [O]CEAN WHILE W{A}LKING ON THE B[OA]T.

 

Now try these other contrasts between the hard and soft vowel which are not recorded on the tape.

 

{ } [ ] { } [ ]
loft loafed walk woke
stall stole caught coat
pause pose chalk choke

内容来自 听力课堂网:http://www.tingclass.net/show-6145-31007-1.html
用手机学英语,请加听力课堂微信公众号:tingclass123
用户搜索

疯狂英语 英语语法 新概念英语 走遍美国 四级听力 英语音标 英语入门 发音 美语 四级 新东方 七年级 赖世雄 zero是什么意思

网站推荐

英语音标读法英语音标口诀记忆法英语音标发音口型英语音标发音练习48个英语音标发音表英语音标发音规则表英语音标发音规则英语音标教学课件英语音标基础入门英语音标发音方法

订阅每日学英语:

  • 频道推荐
  • |
  • 全站推荐
  • 广播听力
  • |
  • 推荐下载
  • 网站推荐
0.109375