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美语口音训练第一册第2课

所属教程:美语口音训练第一册

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A Few Words On Pronunciation

I'd like to introduce you to the pronunciation guide outlines in the following chart. There aren't

too many characters that are different from the standard alphabet, but just so you'll be familiar

with them, look at the chart. It shows eight tense vowels and six lax vowels and semivowels.

Tense Vowels? Lax Vowels?

In some books, tense vowels are called long and lax vowels are called short. Since you will be

learning how to lengthen vowels when they come before a voiced consonant, it would be

confusing to say that hen has a long, short vowel. It is more descriptive to say that it has a lax

vowel that is doubled or lengthened.

Tense Vowels Lax Vowels

Symbol Sound Spelling Example Symbol Sound Spelling Example

ā εi take [tak] ε eh get [gεt]

ē ee eat [et] i ih it [it]

ī i ice [is] ü ih + uh took [tük]

ō ou hope [hop] uh some [sm]

ū ooh smooth [smuth]

ah caught [kt] Semivowels

+ ε cat [kt] r er her [hr]

o + o down [don] l ul dull [dl]

Voiced Consonants? Unvoiced Consonants?

A consonant is a sound that causes two points of your mouth to come into contact, in three

locations—the lips, the tip of the tongue, and the throat. A consonant can either be unvoiced

(whispered) or voiced (spoken), and it can appear at the beginning, middle, or end of a word.

You'll notice that for some categories, a particular sound doesn't exist in English.

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