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9类雅思写作常见错误解读 以错为鉴可涨分数

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2018年04月10日

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  雅思写作要提分难点很多,思路观点表达是一种(无话可说),语法错误是另一种(满屏小错误,亮瞎考官眼),要绕过你出口成章言之有物也许需要日积月累,可减少甚至杜绝语法错误则可在短时间内强化实现。本文分析了雅思写作中常见的9中错误,大家可以对照学习与总结。

  雅思写作常见错误一:句子连接

  - 错误范例:

  1. Modern communication technology is progressing at a rapid pace, the volume and extent of cultural transmissions in the contemporary period have far exceeded those of earlier eras.

  2. Modern communication technology is progressing at a rapid pace, therefore the volume and extent of cultural transmissions in the contemporary period have far exceeded those of earlier eras.

  - 错误原因分析:

  1、逗号不能连接具有完整主谓宾的句子;

  2、有大量同学认为此时加上一个表因果的词”therefore”就可以连接两个句子了,但therefore是副词,同样不能连接两个完整的句子

  - 改正后:

  1. Modern communication technology is progressing at a rapid pace, so the volume and extent of cultural transmissions in the contemporary period have far exceeded those of earlier eras.

  2. Modern communication technology is progressing at a rapid pace; therefore, the volume and extent of cultural transmissions in the contemporary period have far exceeded those of earlier eras.

  雅思写作常见错误二:句式杂糅 (run-on sentence)

  - 概念解释:

  A run-on is a sentence in which two or more independent clauses (i.e., complete sentences) are joined without appropriate punctuation or conjunction.

  - 错误范例:

  There are many students go abroad.

  - 错误原因分析:

  大量考生忽视了中英文写作表达的区别,常常按照中文句子的分割方式,从意义出发,只要意思没表达完,便可以一句连一句地写下去,直至内容结束,即出现“一逗到底”的断句方式;而英文句子是按照结构分割的,只要句子含有完整的主谓结构,就可以独立成句。那么,上述例子中的错误就是将两个单句”There are many students.”和”Many students go abroad.”想当然地混合在了一起。

  - 改正后:

  方法一:去掉根据中文直译而多余的”there be”,直接恢复成一个简单句

  Many students go abroad.

  句子简单明了,符合英文习惯。

  方法二:将其中一个句子保留作为主体句,同时将另外一个句子变成主体句的从属成分或是从句

  There are many students going abroad.

  There are many students who go abroad.

  满足了部分考生对使用非谓语动词或复杂句的需求。

  雅思写作常见错误三:不一致

  - 概念解释:

  包括主谓不一致、数的不一致、时态不一致、代词不一致、比较对象不一致等

  - 错误范例:

  1. The average life span in the 1980’s was much longer than 1880’s.

  2. A series of debates between the two lecturers were scheduled for the next weekend.

  - 错误原因分析:

  1、比较对象不一致,在使用形容词和副词比较级时,我们往往容易受汉语的影响,忽略了比较对象应该一致的问题。

  2、主谓不一致,本句主语是series

  - 改正后:

  1. The average life span in the 1980’s was much longer than that in the 1880’s.

  2. A series of debates between the two lecturers was scheduled for the next weekend.

  雅思写作常见错误四:名词单复数

  - 错误范例:

  We need several evidences to demonstrate the validity of this argument.

  - 错误原因分析:

  通常evidence用作不可数名词。若“一条证据”,用a piece of evidence;若“很多证据”,可以用”plentiful”, ”ample”, “abundant”, “a mass of”, “a body of”等

  - 改正后:

  We need several evidence to demonstrate the validity of this argument.

  雅思写作常见错误五:冠词误用

  - 错误范例:

  1. The disagreement promotes further exploration.

  2. Disagreement of these two economists’ opinions on the prediction encouraged them to delve into more thorough research.

  - 错误原因分析:

  1、“分歧促进深入探索”,此时的disagreement应该为泛指,不需要the;2、“这两位经济学家关于预测结果的意见的分歧激励他们进行更全面的研究”,这里的”disagreement”应该是特指这两个人的意见的分歧,所以需要”the”。

  - 改正后:

  1. Disagreement promotes further exploration.

  2. The disagreement of these two economists’ opinions on the prediction encouraged them to delve into more thorough research.

  雅思写作常见错误六:从句误用

  - 错误范例:

  1. This is apparently the most reasonable solution which can change the situation.

  2. The author claims this new air traffic control system will work well and it allows more planes to be in the air more safely and able to fly more direct routes.

  3. No matter who has the courage to challenge the authority is likely to succeed.

  - 错误原因分析:

  1、定语从句修饰的先行词solution被形容成最高级the most resonable修饰,所以定语从句应该用that引导而非which;

  2、正规书面语中,宾语从句的that一般不省略,此句中claim后面引导两个宾语从句,考生经常忽略第二个宾语从句的引导词that;

  3、no matter who只能引导让步状语从句,而whoever既可以引导让步状语从句也可以引导名词性从句。

  - 改正后:

  1. This is apparently the most reasonable solution that can change the situation.

  2. The author claims that this new air traffic control system will work well and that it allows more planes to be in the air more safely and able to fly more direct routes.

  3. Whoever has the courage to challenge the authority is likely to succeed.

  雅思写作常见错误七:混淆语态

  - 错误范例:

  Comparing to the first opinion, the second one makes more sense.

  - 错误原因分析:

  非谓语动词”compare”的逻辑主语应该和主句主语”the second one”一致,而”opinion”不能主动去比较。

  - 改正后:

  Compared to the first opinion, the second one makes more sense.

  雅思写作常见错误八:代词误用

  - 错误范例:

  1. My son is the only one whom I would be very concerned about if my husband and me were to separate.

  2. If you complain that Bangkok has lost its exotic flavor, China town will be the answer.

  3. The witness wanted to offer anonymous testimony. They were afraid of getting hurt if their names were spread.

  - 错误原因分析:

  1、用作主语,要用人称代词的主格而不是宾格;

  2、学术性文章尽量避免第一人称和第二人称。第一人称易使文章显得片面而主观,第二人称会让文章看上去很有指控性,即把责任都推到了读者身上;

  3、用第三人称进行写作时,往往在需要单数的时候写成了复数形式。

  - 改正后:

  1. My son is the only one whom I would be very concerned about if my husband and I were to separate.

  2. For those who complain that Bangkok has lost its exotic flavor, China town is the answer.

  3. The witness wanted to offer anonymous testimony. He or she was afraid of getting hurt if his or her name was spread.

  雅思写作常见错误九:大词误用

  - 错误范例:

  Obviously, he gets a sanguine opinion so he can ignore lots of difficulties.

  - 错误原因分析:

  “很显然,他天性乐观,所以能够克服许多困难”。句中”sanguine”这个词是非常正式的书面语,用在这里和作者的get, ignore等不精准的表达方式明显格格不入。

  - 改正后:

  1. Obviously, he has been quite optimistic, so he could overcome so many difficulties. (舍弃sanguine,整句话较为平实但不失准确)

  2. Obviously, it is his sanguine attitude that enables him to surmount all the difficulties. (保留sanguine,句式和表达的改变让句子更加凝练且重点突出)

  以上就是为大家带来的关于9类雅思写作常见错误分析的全部内容。珍爱雅思写作分数,远离语法错误。在雅思写作中要得高分,除了避免错误表达,还需要积累正确的表达。大家可以通过精读文章,积累大量的语言和内容素材,为自己所用。


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