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剑13Test3大作文9分范文赏析:历史课程重要性

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2018年05月30日

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  剑雅写作答题思路

  很多学生会去论证:历史课不重要,其他课程重要,因此其他课程比历史课重要;或者其他课程不重要,但是历史课重要,因此历史课比其他课程重要。

  仔细看看题目,你会发现,2个观点都不但没有历史课不重要的意思,反而暗示了历史课本身是重要的。(而且,这些课程都重要,是事实)

  有了以上提示,那你能论证其他课程重要的同时,历史课更重要吗?

  如果你能想到,你才能很好地理解范文的思路。

  一个论证方法是,写清楚其他课程重要在什么方面,历史课重要在什么方面。

  其他课程重要在什么方面?

  1现代机电的设计需要科学类和技术类课程

  读水电表等课程类课程

  网上购物需要计算机类课程

  历史课重要在什么方面?

  2“以史为鉴,可以知得失”。看历史,可以学到很多东西。请具体!

  具体化,是考鸭非常害怕的事儿。既然不能具体,你凭什么说它好?

  “辣么多”好处,一个都举不出来,是不是在说大话、说空话?

  每次网上说日本的历史课本不承认侵略中国,中国人什么反应?

  为什么中国人这么在乎日本历史课本上没写这段历史?

  每次出现这样的新闻,中国人会找哪个国家来对比?

  德国,历史课本上记录了德国纳粹。

  为什么这件事得到了全世界的好评?你看过后面的评论吗?

  因为讲解这段历史的时候,可以让后代们知道先代们犯过怎样的错,这样做是不对的,从根本杜绝后辈们重蹈覆辙。

  所以,具体化得到的可以是:有助于世界和平。当然,如果你能想出其他的例子,便可以得出其他的好处。那么,自然是历史课更重要了。

  剑雅写作范文重点词汇

  范文很难,想看懂的话,这些单词先了解一下。

  1) outrank

  To rank higher than 超过

  Only Israel and Egypt outrank Turkey as recipients of U.S. foreign assistance.

  2) precision engineering (专有名词)

  Precision engineering is a subdiscipline of electrical engineering, software engineering, electronics engineering, mechanical engineering, and optical engineering concerned with designing machines, fixtures, and other structures that have exceptionally low tolerances, are repeatable, and are stable over time.

  3) myriad

  Constituting a very large, indefinite number; innumerable 不计其数的

  the myriad fish in the ocean

  4) utility meter

  A utility meter is any of the following metering devices used on utility mains: Heat meter, instruments intended for measuring the heat which, in a heat-exchange circuit, is given up by a liquid called the heat-conveying liquid.

  5) forebear

  A person from whom one is descended; an ancestor 先辈

  6) Scandinavian 斯堪的纳维亚(人)的

  7) aid agency

  An aid agency is an organization dedicated to distributing aid. Many professional aid organisations exist, both within government, between governments as multilateral donors and as private voluntary organizations or non-governmental organisations.

  剑桥雅思写作范文

  开头段

  The relative importance of more practical subjects like science and technology compared with history, for example, is an issue that continues to be relevant in modern society. In my view, despite the obvious importance of such practical subjects in daily life, history is significantly more important due to the contribution it makes to society, and most notably to the maintenance of world peace.

  主体段1:讨论观点2

  主题句1

  Those who argue that science and technology outrank history in terms of significance in school curricula typically assert that many modern jobs require the kind of technical skills that such subjects equip students with.

  举例论证1

  On this point, I accept that designers of modern conveniences like washing machines and microwave ovens, considered essential in most modern societies, need skills in machining and precision engineering much more than historical knowledge.

  举例论证2

  I accept also that computers are a prerequisite of modern life, offering myriad benefits, from reading utility meters to online supermarket shopping. There can be no doubt that design and use of computers requires skills that many first learn in science and technology lessons.

  主体段2:讨论观点1

  主题句2

  Nevertheless, I agree with those who suggest that an awareness of human history brings benefits which are much greater than those offered by studying technical subjects. The most significant one is that it has made a lasting contribution to world peace.

  举例论证1

  A case in point is post-war Germany, whose students have been regularly reminded in the classroom of the horrors inflicted by their Nazi forebears in the Second World War. I believe that Germany’s record as peacemaker for the last 70 years owes much to the teaching of their national history in schools.

  举例论证2(没有相应背景知识,这个例子就看不懂了)

  In the case of Scandinavian countries, it has long been a scholastic tradition of theirs to teach the history of Africa and Asia. It is therefore not surprising that posts in aid agencies and international organisations dedicated to the alleviation of world poverty are disproportionately occupied by Scandinavians.

  结尾段

  In summary, learning about science and technology at school is important because of its utility in many everyday situations. However, the study of history is more important because it provides the knowledge which is necessary to inspire countries to pursue peace and help poorer nations.

  常见误区解读

  Discuss both views and give your own opinion. 这类题型开头段引入观点的部分,不能用改写题目的方式写!

  你可以打开自己写过的这个类型的作文。如果开头段用的是改写题目的方法,看完开头段之后看主体段的第一句,应该会发现信息特别重复!

  因为这类题目的文章结构是一个主体段讨论一个观点,那每个主体段第一句就需要告诉读者要讨论的观点(题干中的观点必然要重复出现)。如范文中的

  1) Those who argue that science and technology outrank history in terms of significance in school curricula typically assert that ...

  2) Nevertheless, I agree with those who suggest that an awareness of human history brings benefits which are much greater than those offered by studying technical subjects.

  黑体部分是对题干信息的改写(就算表达不重复,信息必然是相同的,这不可避免)。

  所以,范文的开头段的2个部分:

  1) The relative importance of more practical subjects like science and technology compared with history, for example, is an issue that continues to be relevant in modern society.(和题目相关,但非题干信息)

  2) In my view, despite the obvious importance of such practical subjects in daily life, history is significantly more important due to the contribution it makes to society, and most notably to the maintenance of world peace.(个人观点部分,既然是讨论2个观点后得到的结论,这里肯定有信息和两个观点信息重合,不可避免)

  既然信息重复很多,在可以不重复的情况下,就应该尽量避免重复。所以,这类题目的开头段不使用改写题目的方式。


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