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雅思听力选择题难题解析

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zhaocongcong

2019年01月17日

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  一、重要性

  雅思考试中选择题并不是一个重点考题,但是选择题确实一个必做不可的题目。由于选择题并不需要填写单词,因此对于那些苦于单词拼写的同学,选择题就是他们的救命稻草了。

  二、难点及应对

  阅读速度

  由于雅思考试需要边听边做,因此在内容开始之前将试卷通读一遍是非常重要的,但是由于考试的时间是有限的(每一个section前只有30秒),如果当需要读的信息比较多的时候可能没有办法读完。

  如剑7 Test 2中的第31-35题

  Questions 31-35

  Choose the correct letter, A, B or C.

  Left and Right Handedness in Sport

  31 Anita first felt the Matthews article was of value when she realised

  A how it would help her difficulties with left-handedness.

  B the relevance of connections he made with music.

  C the impressive size of his research project.

  32 Anita feels that the findings on handedness will be of value in

  A helping sportspeople identify their weaknesses.

  B aiding sportspeople as they plan tactics for each game.

  C developing suitable training programmes for sportspeople.

  33 Anita feels that most sports coaches

  A know nothing about the influence of handedness.

  B focus on the wrong aspects of performance.

  C underestimate what science has to offer sport.

  34 A German study showed there was greater ‘mixed handedness‘ in musicians who

  A started playing instruments in early youth.

  B play a string instrument such as the violin.

  C practise a great deal on their instrument.

  35 Studies on ape behaviour show that

  A apes which always use the same hand to get food are most successful.

  B apes have the same proportion of left- and right-handers as humans.

  C more apes are left-handed than right-handed.

  这边的5题一共有将近200个单词,在短短的30秒钟内全部看完确实有非常大的难度。这时建议考生要采取“丢车保帅”的方式,也就是抓住中间的最重要的信息,而将其他的次要信息省略不看。对于单选题来说,题干极其重要,往往我们需要通过题干来定位到每一题,我们要记住,雅思考试中答案是按照顺序读出来的,也就是“顺序原则”,所以选择题的答案往往都在题干之后读出来。因此在审题的时候将所有的题干全部过一遍就非常重要了。这也就是我们可以找寻到的第一个方法——略。

  第31题的题干的意思是Anita开始觉得Matthews的文章非常重要,是当她意识到……的时候。下面我们来看看这边的文字答案。

  Tapescripts:

  My topic is handedness - whether in different sports it is better to be left- or right-sided or whether a more balanced approach is more successful. I‘m left-handed myself and I actually didn‘t see any relevance to my own life when I happened to start reading an article by a sports psychologist called Peter Matthews. He spent the first part of the article talking about handedness in music instead of sport, which I have to say almost put me off from reading further. But what I soon became struck by was the sheer volume of both observation and investigation he had done in many different sports and I felt persuaded that what he had to say would be of real interest. I think Matthews‘ findings will be beneficial, not so much in...

  这边作者先介绍了一下自己的情况,也就是"left-handed",这里和选项A比较相近,但是此时并没有读出题干来,因此我们完全可以排除A这个答案。(根据我们上面提到的顺序原则)接下来,作者提到了"Peter Matthews"这个人,并且提到了music,也就是和B很相近,此时他的态度是"almost put me off",这个和题干中的"of value"矛盾,也就是这个也不是答案。此时我们已经可以很顺利的选到正确答案C了。——将错误的信息全部排除,剩下的就一定是正确的答案。

  当然此题可以通过同义词互换做出来,也就是这边标注了答案的地方:"sheer volume"和C选项中的"impressive size"是类似的意思。但是很多同学会发现,这个词比较难听懂。也就无法很快的找到答案了。

  干扰信息

  往往选择题给答案的时候,不会这么容易让我们听出错误的选项,也就是会将错误选项读的非常像正确的。导致许多同学在听力中出错误。

  下面我们看到上面题目中第35题的文字答案:

  Matthews also reports studies of handedness in apes. Apes get a large proportion of their food by ‘fishing‘ ants from ant hills. The studies show that apes, like humans, show handedness - though for them right- and left-handedness is about equal, whereas about 85% of humans are right-handed. Studies showed that apes consistently using the same hand fished out 30% more ants than those varying between the two.

  这道题最大的难度不是听出"fished out 30% more ants"是和A选项的"more successful"是同义词互换,而是很多同学会将前面的"right- and left-handedness is about equal"误认为就是B选项的"same proportion of left- and right-handers",而导致选错答案。也就是我们上面刚刚提到的需要排除错误选项即干扰信息。这就是我们所说的做选择题的另外一个思路——剔。

  总的来说,选择题主要是由于审题时间不够,建议各位考生,除了要尽力提高阅读速度以外,找到重点信息是非常重要的,换句话说就是省略掉不需要细读的信息——略,然后由于选项并没有详细的研究,因此在听题的过程中听到答案的时候不要过于快速的下笔选择,而是应该注意分辨出干扰信息,剔除掉错误的选项——剔,这样正确的答案就离我们更加接近了。


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