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英语听力入门 step by step 2000 第一册Unit 10 For Peace and Development

所属教程:英语听力入门 step by step 2000 第一册


unit 10
for peace and development
part 1
a key words
exports/trade surplus/gross domestic product(gdp)/annual growth/foreign investment/foreign exchange reserves
surplus/gross domestic product/fold/capital/reserve
listen to some statements about china's econpmic development.fill in the blanks with numbers.
1.in 1998,chinese exports totaled us$183.76 billion. its imports were worth us$140.17 billion, leaving a record trade surplus of us$43.6 billion and making china the largest exporter in the developing world.
2.in terms of overall gross domestic product, china is now the world's seventh lagest economy.
3.over the last 20 years, gdp has increased 16-fold and now stands above 6,000yuan per person per year.
4.since 1980,annual growth has averaged 9.6%.
5.since the beginning of the 1990s china is second only to the u.s. in terms of foreign investment. some us$40 billion of overseas capital flows into china every year.
6.china has accumulated the world's second largest stock of foreign exchange reserves after japan,at us$151.51 billion.

Unit 10

Part I-A

2. Chinese new Year 3. Russia 4. Britain 5. New Zealand 6. In Australia

7. Asia / In Hong Kong 8. Singapore’s 9. In Vietnam 10. Thailand

11. In Japan 12. Egypt 13. Europe

Part I-B

1-5 Vienna Ankara Madrid Bangkok Colombo

6-10 Warsaw London Rangoon Mexico City Brussels

11-15 Berlin Moscow Rome Kampala Washington

Part I-C

1-h 2-e 3-a 4-d 5-b 6-g 7-e 8-j 9-f 10-i

Many students lack the ability to respond quickly to the English pronunciation of some place names. Therefore, they need repeated practice in identifying place names.

Part II-A

A1 1. F 2. T 3. F 4. T


1. Trafalgar Square

A2 1. February 18th 2. for 9,000 years / since 9,000 years ago 3. heart valves

4. one 5. pig racing

A3 1. B 2. A 3. C 4. A 5. C

A4 domesticated / skin / glue / drugs / nominated / charity / fly / out / bacon / thoughtful

I’m a pig, my son is a rabbit, I have snakes for daughters, and my wife, believe it or not, is a dragon! Do I live in a zoo? No, of course not! I am talking about our Chinese zodiac signs. Depending on the year of your birth, each person has an animal for a sign. That’s why I am a pig and my wife is a dragon.

February the 18th is Chinese New Year and 2007 is the year of the pig, so let’s take a closer look at this interesting animal.

Pigs were first domesticated by man about 9,000 years ago, and are still a very common farm animal in many parts of the world. We don’t just use pigs for their meat – almost every part of the animal is used. The bones and skin are used for glue and footballs. The hair is used for artists’ brushes and insulation. The fat is used in the manufacture of insecticides, floor waxes, rubber and plastics. Amazingly, pigs are a source of nearly 40 pharmaceutical drugs and their heart valves can be used in surgery to replace human ones.

Pigs have also been important in the world of entertainment. In 1995 the film Babe starred a lovable talking pig as its main character. The film won an Oscar and was nominated for 6 more.

In England you can even go to watch pig racing. A farmer, Rob Shepherd, has been raising money for charity by staging pig races on his farm. The events have been very successful. People just don’t want to eat pigs, it seems!

Pigs also feature in the English language. To say that something is unlikely to happen you can say “Pigs might fly!” A man that thinks men are superior to women is “chauvinist pig”. Hungry? Well then, you can “pig out” and eat lots of food. And what about if someone rescues you? Well, you can say that they “saved your bacon”.

If you, like me, were born in the year of the pig, then you are brave, thoughtful and loyal. The year of the pig is filled with good fortune. Happy Chinese New Year!

Part II-B

B1 1. F 2. T 3. T 4. F


1. Chinese New Year has been celebrated in the UK with an enormous circus in Trafalgar Square.

2. There are more Cantonese speakers in Britain than Mandarin speakers.

3. The first Chinese immigrants to the UK ere sailors.

4. There are a handful of events celebrating the Chinese New Year in London.


1. More than 200,000 people congregated to watch a huge parade of lions, dragons, drums, and ribbon and fan dancers.

2. Chinese immigrants first came to London in the mid-19th Century, consisting mainly of seamen involved in the tea trade via Canton.

3. A more recent wave of immigration took place in the 1960s when many workers came from Hong Kong to find work in the flourishing restaurant business.

4. Today more than 60,000 people of Chinese descent live in London.

5. This year’s celebrations include more than 100 events from lion-dancing to elephant chess.

“Kung Hei Fat Choi!” That’s a phrase that has been heard many times in London’s Chinatown over the last few days. Why? Because it’s Chinese New Year, and the UK’s Chinese community are celebrating the Year of the Dog.

This year the celebrations have been more spectacular than ever with more than 200,000 people congregating to watch a huge parade of lions, dragons, drums, and ribbon and fan dancers. The procession made its way from Chinatown to Trafalgar Square, the very heart of London.

London has a proud history of multiculturalism, and the Chinese community is one of the oldest in the city. Chinese immigrants first came to London in the mid-19th Century, consisting mainly of seamen involved in the tea trade via Canton. For that reason Cantonese is still spoken more widely in the UK than Mandarin.

A more recent wave of immigration took place in the 1960s when many workers came from Hong Kong to find work in the flourishing restaurant business. One part of the central London neighborhood of Soho became synonymous with Chinese restaurants and began to be known as Chinatown.

Today more than 60,000 people of Chinese descent live in London which means that there are plenty of people to conduct the New Year festivities.

This year’s celebrations include more than 100 events from lion-dancing to elephant chess, whilst London’s museums, art galleries and theatres are running special Chinese-themed seasons.

Much of this has been organized through partnerships between Chinese community groups and the Mayor of London’s office. Indeed, London’s Mayor, Ken Livingstone, has been an outspoken advocate of strengthening ties between the UK and China. In his Chinese New Year speech he said, “To everyone in China, think of London as your second home.”

So whether you are in London, Beijing or Hong Kong, have a happy Chinese New Year.

Part III-A

1. time-keeper 2. time signal 3. 12:55 p.m. / 1:00 p.m. 4. 150

5. 1844 6. the 19th century 7. around the world 8. New Zealand

Part III-B

1. time-ball dropping / 19th century naval tradition 2. 20 sites / 6 continents

3. visual time signals / give the time 4. British Navy / 1829

5. normally at noon 6. wood & leather 7. year 2001

In this age of ultra-high technology, many places around the world will mark the start of the New Year in an old-fashioned way. They will revive a 19th century naval tradition by dropping time balls when 2000 arrives.

Twenty sites on six continents will observe a tradition best exemplified by the lowering of the lighted time ball in New York City.

"As the New Year sweeps around the world, beginning at the International Date Line, we are going to have the time balls dropping." Steven Dick is a historian at the U.S. Naval Observatory, the institution that maintains the U.S. Master clock.

"Everyone is familiar with the time ball in New York's Times Square, but they had a real function in the past. In the 19th century these were visual time signals which were used to give the time."

Mr. Dick says the British navy dropped the first time ball in Portsmouth, England in 1829. The first U.S. Time ball fell in Washington in 1844.

"This remained a viable signaling method through much of the 19th century. They were dropped well into the 20th century. At the turn of the century 100 years ago there were approximately two dozen in the United States that were still in use."


Part IV-A

1. F 2. T 3. T 4. F 5. F

Part IV-B

1. with – by 2. say – make 3. get off 4. give in – give up 5. some of – some

Part IV-C

Hogmanay parties alcohol celebration pub

Resolution health shopping bargain sales

New Year in the UK usually starts with a celebration on New Year's Eve (31st December). Some people spend the evening at home with their family, or have a party for friends at their house.

Others go to a pub to celebrate, or spend the evening in a large public space, for example Trafalgar Square in London.

The beginning of the New Year is signified by the chiming of Big Ben, the famous London clock, at midnight, which is also shown on TV for those who are staying in.

In Scotland, New Year is called Hogmanay, and for some people, it's a bigger celebration than Christmas. In big cities like Edinburg and Glasgow there are street parties with around 100,000 people, enjoying music, entertainment and fireworks at midnight.

One Scottish tradition, which is now popular throughout the UK as well as in the USA, is the singing of a traditional folk song. Auld Lang Syne reminds us to think of old friends and remember the good times of the past, as we look to the future.

Although New Year's Eve involves drinking alcohol for many people, New Year's Day signals the start of a healthier life, as some people make New Year's resolutions.

Often these are connected with fitness and health, for example giving up smoking or drinking, taking more exercise or losing weight. Other people make a resolution to improve their life in other ways, such as spending more time with family, learning something new, or getting out of debt.

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