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中级美国英语let's的用法及that宾语从句

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一.本课要点及示例

   在今天这一课里, 我们要学习  let's 也就是 let us, l-e-t u-s, let  us 的用法; 我们还要学习用连词 that, t-h-a-t, that 引导的宾语从句. 现在我们来听今天这一课的对话,   内容是说亨利提议周未全家一块去旅行的事情, 请你注意听两位英文老师的发音和语调.

   M: Kate, let's go for a drive somewhere this weekend.
   F:  That's a good idea. Just the two of us!
   M: I thought that the whole family could go together.
   F:  I'm afraid that the kids can't. Jenny is staying at the university this weekend to study. 
   M: What about Peter and Linda?
   F:  They are going on a trip this weekend with their school.
   M: Oh, well. I thought that they would enjoy a family trip.
   F:  They probably would. But I think that they'll enjoy the school tour even more.
   M: Okay. We'll go. Just the two of us.

   现在我们再听老师用慢速度把整段对话念一遍, 请你注意听.

   M: Kate, let's go for a drive somewhere this weekend.
   F:  That's a good idea. Just the two of us!
   M: I thought that the whole family could go together.
   F:  I'm afraid that the kids can't. Jenny is staying at the university this weekend to study. 
   M: What about Peter and Linda?
   F:  They are going on a trip this weekend with their school.
   M: Oh, well. I thought that they would enjoy a family trip.
   F:  They probably would. But I think that they'll enjoy the school tour even more.
   M: Okay. We'll go. Just the two of us.

   刚才那段对话里有些句子包含了我们今天要学的语法,   现在我请两位老师再
把这些句子念出来给你听.

   M: Let's go for a drive somewhere this weekend.
   M: I thought that the whole family could go together.
   F:  I'm afraid that the kids can't.
   M: I thought that they would enjoy a family trip.
   F:  I think that they'll enjoy the school tour even more.

二.LET'S

   首先我们学习 let's 也就是 let  us 的用法. 这两个字用在一个句子的开头可以表示 "我们作什么事情吧!"  比方:  "我们开车兜风去吧!" 这句话英文可以这样说: Let's go for a drive. 下面英文老师用这个词组作一些句子, 内容都是有关各种消遣活动, 比方:"滑雪"  skiing,  "滑冰"  skating,  "骑自行车"   biking,  "到海边去"  go  to  the  beach等等. 每个句子我们念两遍, 请你听一遍, 跟着老师重复一遍.

   M: Let's go for a drive.
   F:  Let's go for a drive.
   M: Let's go skiing.
   F:  Let's go skiing.
   M: Let's go skating.
   F:  Let's go skating.
   M: Let's go shopping.
   F:  Let's go shopping.
   M: Let's go biking.
   F:  Let's go biking.
   M: Let's go to the beach.
   F:  Let's go to the beach.

   在下面一组练习里, 先由老师念一个陈述句, 比方: "明天放假"   Tomorrow is a holiday.  然后老师提出一些跟休闲活动有关系的建议,    比方:   "请客" have a party, 你先把第一句话重复一遍,  再用 Let's 开头把第二句话说出来,  所以答案就是: Tomorrow is a holiday. Let's have a  party. 现在我们开始作练习. 每作完一句就请你听老师念正确答案.

   M: Tomorrow is a holiday.
   M: have a party
   F:  Tomorrow is a holiday. Let's have a party.
   M: There is a good program on television.
   M: watch it
   F:  There is a good program on television. Let's watch it.
   M: The weather is nice.
   M: go for a walk
   F:  The weather is nice. Let's go for a walk.
   M: I would like to go swimming.
   M: go to the beach
   F:  I would like to go swimming. Let's go to the beach.

三.That引导宾语从句

   下面我们来学习用连词 that,  t-h-a-t,  that 引导的宾语从句. 首先请你听两个句子.  第一个句子是:  "我想."  I think, 第二个句子是:  "我们应该开车到海边去."We should drive to the beach.  如果把这两句话合并, 说成 "我想我们应该开车到海边去",     在英文里就必须在两句话之间加上连词   that,   所以整句话就是:I think that we should drive to the beach. 现在我们以代换练习的方式学学这类句子,   练习的内容都是说到亨利想在周未里去玩. 首先老师念一个陈述句,   接着老师念一个宾语从句, 学生就把这个宾语从句代换到原来的句子里.   在学生作练习的时候也请你一起作.

   M: I think that the weather will be nice this weekend.
   M: We should go somewhere.
   F:  I think that we should go somewhere.
   M: We should drive to the beach.
   F:  I think that we should drive to the beach.
   M: It'll be a good trip.
   F:  I think that it'll be a good trip.
   M: You'll enjoy it.
   F:  I think that you'll enjoy it.

   现在我们来作一些否定句.  think   这个动词的用法比较特别,   比方有一句话:"我想这个周未不会下雨", 这句话英文必须这样说: I don't think that it will rain  this  weekend.    现在我们来练习这类句子,     先由老师念一个否定句,   比方: It  won't  rain  this  weekend.   请你把句子改成 I don't  think  that it  will rain this weekend. 这组练习里的字都是我们以前学过的.   现在我们开始作练习, 每作完一句就请你听正确答案.

   M: It won't rain this weekend.
   F:  I don't think that it will rain this weekend.
   M: We shouldn't stay home.
   F:  I don't think that we should stay home.
   M: We shouldn't take the train to the beach.
   F:  I don't think that we should take the train to the beach.
   M: It won't be a boring trip.
   F:  I don't think that it will be a boring trip.
   M: Jenny can't come home this weekend.
   F:  I don't think that Jenny can come home this weekend.
   M: Peter and Linda can't go on the family trip.
   F:  I don't think that Peter and Linda can go on the family trip.

四.包含宾语从句的问句

   现在我们来学习包含宾语从句的问句.  比方有一句话:   "这个周未会下雨吗?" Is it going to rain this weekend? 如果把这句话改成: "你想这个周未会下雨吗?" 英文就应该这么说:  Do you think that it is going to rain this weekend? 我们来练习这类句子,首先由老师提出一个问句,比方:"我们应该请客吗?"Should we have a party? 请你把句子改成:"你想我们应该请客吗?" Do you thinkwe should have a party? 这组练习里的句子都跟周未的休闲活动有关系的,现在我们开始作练习.

   M: Should we have a party?
   F:  Do you think that we should have a party?
   M: Should we go for a drive?
   F:  Do you think that we should go for a drive?
   M: Should we go to the beach?
   F:  Do you think that we should go to the beach?
   M: Should we go skating?
   F:  Do you think that we should go skating?
   M: Should we go skiing?
   F:  Do you think that we should go skiing?
   M: Should we go shopping?
   F:  Do you think that we should go shopping?

   下面我们来学怎么用简短的方式回答刚才那种问句.   比方有人问你:   Do youthink that it is going to rain? 如果你认为会, 你就回答说: Yes, I think so. 如果你认为不会你就回答说: No, I don't think so. 现在我们来听亨利问凯特一些问题,每问一句, 老师就会提出一个 yes 或是 no,    然后请你根据这些作肯定或是否定的答覆. 现在我们开始.

   M: Do you think that it is going to rain this weekend?
   F:  No
   F:  No, I don't think so.
   M: Do you think that we can drive to the beach?
   F:  Yes
   F:  Yes, I think so.
   M: Do You think that it is going to be crowded there?
   F:  Yes
   F:  Yes, I think so.
   M: Do you think that you will enjoy the trip?
   F:  Yes
   F:  Yes, I think so.
   M: Do you think that the kids can go with us?
   F:  No
   F:  No, I don't think so.

五.THOUGHT+宾语从句

   下面我们来学动词 think 的过去式  thought, t-h-o-u-g-h-t, thought  加上连词 that再加上宾语从句的用法.比方有一句话: I thought that he would come. 这句话可以表示  "我当时就认为他会来" ,   也可以表示  "我以为他会来".比方在这课的对话里,  亨利听凯特说孩子们不能一起去旅行之后,    就说:    I thought that thewhole family could go together. 在这种情况下,这句话就应该解释为 "我以为可以全家一起去". 下面我们来作一组练习, 学学这种用法.首先我们听凯特说一个否定句, Jenny is  not coming home. 请你把句子改成: I thought that  she was. 每作完一句就请你听亨利念正确答案.

   F:  Jenny is not coming home this weekend.
   M: I thought that she was.
   F:  Peter and Linda are not going with us.
   M: I thought that they were.
   F:  We can't have a family trip this weekend.
   M: I thought that we could.
   F:  We can't take the kids with us.
   M: I thought that we could.
   F:  The kids won't enjoy a family trip this weekend.
   M: I thought that they would.

六.听短文回答问题

   现在我们来作今天的听力测验, 首先还是请你听一段文章, 内容是说美国家庭在周未里作什么样的休闲活动, 他们除了请朋友们过来聚一聚, 还可以参加体育活动, 还可以上街买东西等等,   有些家庭利用周未种花,  种菜或是修修房子等等. 现在请你注意听:

   Most American businesses are open five days a week.   American school  children attend school  five  days  a  week  as  well.    American  families usually have a two-day weekend. The weekend is Saturday and Sunday.   Over the  weekend,  people spend their time in many different ways.   Many  families enjoy  weekends together. They may go shopping, go for a drive, or visit friends. They may also invite friends over and have a party at home. Many American families participate in sports during the weekend.  Running, biking, playing  volleyball and swimming are popular in the  summer.  Skiing and skating are the favorite winter sports.  Weekends are also a time for American families to work on something in their yards or on their houses.  Many families plant  flowers and have vegetable   gardens.   Some  families  use  the  weekends to paint  or  repair  their   houses.  For most  Americans, weekends are very busy.

   刚才那段文章比较长, 等一会儿我会请老师再念一遍,现在我们先来听今天测验的三个问题.

   第一个问题是:
   M: What is the weekend in the United States?
   第二个问题是:
   M: What are some of the popular summer sports for American families?
   第三个问题是:
   M: What kinds of work do many American families do?

   现在我请英文老师用慢速度再把整段文章念一遍. 

   Most American businesses are open five days a week.   American school  children attend school  five  days  a  week  as  well.    American  families usually have a two-day weekend. The weekend is Saturday and Sunday.   Over the  weekend,  people spend their time in many different ways.   Many  families enjoy  weekends together. They may go shopping, go for a drive, or visit friends. They may also invite friends over and have a party at home. Many American families participate in sports during the weekend.  Running, biking, playing  volleyball and swimming are popular in the  summer.  Skiing and skating are the favorite winter sports.  Weekends are also a time for American families to work on something in their yards or on their houses.  Many families plant  flowers and have vegetable   gardens.   Some  families  use  the  weekends to paint  or  repair  their   houses.  For most  Americans, weekends are very busy. 

   现在请你回答今天测验的三个问题. 在你回答之后,请你注意听老师念正确答案.

   第一个问题是:
   M: What is the weekend in the United States?
   F:  The weekend is Saturday and Sunday.
   第二个问题是:
   M: What are some of the popular summer sports for American families?
   F:  Running, biking, playing  volleyball  and  swimming   are  some of  the  popular  summer sports for American families.
   第三个问题是:
   M: What kinds of work do many American families do over the weekends?
   F:  They plant flowers, have vegetable gardens, work  in   their  yards,  paint  or  repair their houses.

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