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中级美国英语动词词组(二)

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一.本课要点及示例

   在这一课里, 我们要学习几个由 look, l-o-o-k, look 或是 take, t-a-k-e, take 加上介词构成的动词词组, 比方 "看" look  at, "找"    look for, "从事"  take up 等等. 我们还要学习一些跟手工艺品有关系的词汇.

   现在我们先来听今天这一课的对话,内容是说凯特跟亨利到手工艺品交易会去. 请你注意听两位英文老师的发音和语调.

   F:  Look  at  all  the   beautiful  things   these people have made. I'm really impressed.   I wish I could do something artistic.
   M: So do I. It looks like a museum of art around here, doesn't it?    Woodcarving,  glassware, jewelry, pottery, even clothing.
   F:  Let's walk around to each booth. I want to find something for my parents.
   M: Are you looking for anything special?
   F:  I'm looking forward to finding something to decorate their new house.
   M: Have you notice these weavings? I am quite taken with them.
   F:  Yes, I have. They are beautiful but a little expensive.
   M: Why don't you take up weaving and make something for them yourself?
   F:  I don't have the talent or the time. I wish I did.

   现在老师用慢速度再把整段对话念一遍给你听.

    F:  Look  at  all  the   beautiful  things   these people have made. I'm really impressed.   I wish I could do something artistic.
   M: So do I. It looks like a museum of art around here, doesn't it?    Woodcarving,  glassware, jewelry, pottery, even clothing.
   F:  Let's walk around to each booth. I want to find something for my parents.
   M: Are you looking for anything special?
   F:  I'm looking forward to finding something to decorate their new house.
   M: Have you notice these weavings? I am quite taken with them.
   F:  Yes, I have. They are beautiful but a little expensive.
   M: Why don't you take up weaving and make something for them yourself?
   F:  I don't have the talent or the time. I wish I did.

   现在老师再把对话里包含了今天要学的语法的句子念一遍给你听.

   F:  Look at all the beautiful things these people have made.
   M: Are you looking for anything special?
   F:  I'm looking forward to finding something to decorate their new house.
   M: I'm quite taken with them.
   M: Why don't you take up weaving?

二.用LOOK构成的动词词组

   首先我们学习  look at 的用法. 这个词组可以用来表示 "注意看". 比方有一句话: "他们在手工艺品交易会上看到皮货了吗?"    这句话英文可以这 样说: Did they see leather goods in the craft fair? 如果把问题改成:"他们在手工艺品交易会上看了皮货了吗?  "    这句话英文就应该这么说: Did they look at leather goods in the craft fair?下面我们作一组练习, 比较这两种说法. 练习的内容都是说到亨利跟凯特在手工艺品交易会上看到或是看了什么手工艺品, 比方皮货, 素描, 小装饰品等等.  现在请你注意听老师用 saw 作句子, 并且跟学生一起改用 looked  at 把句子说出来.

   M: They saw home-made things in the craft fair.
   F:  They looked at home-made things in the craft fair.
   M: They saw hand-made jewelry in the craft fair.
   F:  They looked at hand-made jewelry in the craft fair.
   M: They saw pottery in the craft fair.
   F:  They looked at pottery in the craft fair.
   M: The saw leather goods in the craft fair.
   F:  They looked at leather goods in the craft fair.
   M: They saw glassware in the craft fair.
   F:  They looked at glassware in the craft fair.
   M: They saw drawings in the craft fair.
   F:  They looked at drawings in the craft fair.
   M: They saw hand-made decorations in the craft fair.
   F:  They looked at hand-made decorations in the craft fair.

   下面我们要学习 "找"  look for 这个词组的用法.   练习的作法是老师用 "要买"want to buy 作一些句子说明凯特跟亨利要买什么手工艺品给亲友邻居. 请你听了句子以后跟学生一起改用 are looking for 把句子说出来.句子里的词汇都是我们学过的. 请你一边练习语法, 一边复习词汇.

   M: They want to buy some home-made things for their friends.
   F:  They are looking for some home-made things for their friends.
   M: They want to buy a drawing for their parents.
   F:  They are looking for a drawing for their parents.
   M: They want to buy pottery for their cousin.
   F:  They are looking for pottery for their cousin.
   M: They want to buy a wedding present for a relative.
   F:  They are looking for a wedding present for a relative.
   M: They want to buy some glassware for their next-door neighbors.
   F:  They are looking for some glassware for their next-door neighbors.
   M: They want to buy hand-made jewelry for their oldest daughter.
   F:  They are looking for hand-made jewelry for their oldest daughter.
   M: They want to buy a hand-made sweater for their youngest daughter.
   F:  They are looking for a hand-made sweater for their youngest daughter.
   M: They want to buy a pair of leather boots for their son.
   F:  They are looking for a pair of leather boots for their son.

   下面我们作一组练习比较 "希望得到" hope to get    跟 "期望得到" look  forward to getting 的用法.    练习的内容还是说到亨利和凯特在手工艺品交易会上给亲友们买东西. 练习的作法是老师提出一个问题, 比方 What    do they hope to get for their friends? 接着老师说:  some home-made things,  学生就用 are looking forward  to  getting 跟老师提出的词组来回答问题,   所以答案就是:  They are looking  forward  to getting some home-made things for their friends. 现在我们开始作练习. 在学生回答问题的时候请你也一起回答.

   M: What do they hope to get for their friends?
   M: some hand-made things
   F:  They are looking forward to getting some hand-made things for their friends.
   M: What do they hope to get for their daughter, Jenny?
   M: hand-made jewelry
   F:  They are looking forward to getting hand-made jewelry for their daughter, Jenny.
   M: What do they hope to get for their daughter, Linda?
   M: a hand-made sweater
   F:  They are looking forward to getting a hand-made sweater for their daughter, Linda.
   M: What do they hope to get for their son, Peter?
   M: a pair of boots
   F:  They are looking forward to getting a pair of boots for their son, Peter.
   M: What do they hope to get for their cousin?
   M: pottery
   F:  They are looking forward to getting pottery for their cousin.
   M: What do they hope to get for a relative?
   M: a wedding present
   F:  They are looking forward to getting a wedding present for a relative.
   M: What do they hope to get for their next-door neighbors?
   M: some glassware
   F:  They are looking forward to getting some glassware for their next-door neighbors.

   下面一组练习是要比较 "希望找到" hope to find 跟 "密切注意"  look out for 的用法. 练习的内容是说亨利跟凯特到手工艺品交易会去所希望找到或是会留心什么样的东西, 比方价钱低、品质高的东西, 新颖、独具风格的东西等等.练习的作法是老师用   hope to find  提出一个问题,   比方  Do they hope to find good bargains? 学生就用  are  looking  out  for 肯定地答覆说: Yes,  they are looking out for good  bargains.  现在我们开始作练习, 在学生回答问题的时候请你也一起回答.

   M: Do they hope to find good bargains?
   F:  Yes, they are looking out for good bargains.
   M: Do they hope to find things with high quality?
   F:  Yes, they are looking out for things with high quality.
   M: Do they hope to find something inexpensive?
   F:  Yes, they are looking out for something inexpensive.
   M: Do they hope to find something unique?
   F:  Yes, they are looking out for something unique.
   M: Do they hope to find something unusual?
   F:  Yes, they are looking out for something unusual.
   M: Do they hope to find something original?
   F:  Yes, they are looking out for something original.
   M: Do they hope to find something interesting?
   F:  Yes, they are looking out for something interesting.
   M: Do they hope to find something valuable?
   F:  Yes, they are looking out for something valuable.

三.用TAKE构成的动词词组

   下面我们用 take, t-a-k-e, take 作动词词组表示对什么事情印象深刻,比方凯特跟亨利在手工艺品交易会上看到一些设计新颖的东西,觉得那些设计真不错,他们可以这么说: We are impressed with the unique designs. 这句话也可以换个方式这么说: We are quite taken with the unique designs.

   下面我们作一组练习, 比较 are impressed with 跟 are quite taken with 的用法.练习的作法是老师提出一个问题, 比方Are Henry and Kate impressed with the good bargains? 请你肯定地回答说: Yes,  they    are  quite  taken with the good bargains. 你每回答一句, 老师就会把正确答案念给你听.

   M: Are Henry and Kate impressed with the good bargains?
   F:  Yes, they are quite taken with the good bargains.
   M: Are they impressed with the high quality?
   F:  Yes, they are quite taken with the high quality.
   M: Are they impressed with the reasonable prices?
   F:  Yes, they are quite taken with the reasonable prices.
   M: Are they impressed with the unique designs?
   F:  Yes, they are quite taken with the unique designs.
   M: Are they impressed with the various styles?
   F:  Yes, they are quite taken with the various styles.

   下面我们用 take 加上介词 up, u-p, up 来表示 "从事某项工作". 比方亨利跟凯特对手工艺品很感兴趣, 亨利就对凯特说: "你为什么不学纺织呢?" 这句话英文可以这样说:  Why don't you take up weaving?下面我们作一组代换练习, 一方面练习语法, 一方面学学各种手工艺的名称,     比方   " 木 刻"  woodcarving,"针织" knitting, "缝纫" sewing 等等. 请你先跟着老师把第一个句子重复一遍,然后把老师提出的词组代换到原来的句子里, 每作完一句老师就会把句子再念一遍给你听.

   M: Why don't you take up weaving?
   M: woodcarving
   F:  Why don't you take up woodcarving?
   M: knitting
   F:  Why don't you take up knitting?
   M: drawing
   F:  Why don't you take up drawing?
   M: sewing
   F:  Why don't you take up sewing?
   M: oil painting
   F:  Why don't you take up oil painting?

四.听短文回答问题

   今天我们要听一篇介绍美国的手工艺品的文章. 在美国很多家庭主妇以作手工艺品作副业, 每隔一段时间就拿到定期举行的手工艺品交易会上去卖.  很多人觉得这种手工艺品各有特色, 价廉物美, 比工厂里用机器作出来的大批成品要好.

   现在老师先用正常速度把文章念一遍. 请你注意听.

   For  a  long  time  Americans preferred things  which were mass produced in factories. But recently many Americans have taken up crafts of various  kinds. They make things out of  wood,  metal,  glass,  wax,  leather  and cloth.  They usually design the things they make themselves and often they sell  what they make too.  The  work  of  these  crafts people has become very good  and very popular. These  people's  crafts  are  sold  at craft fairs.  These  are  usually community sponsored events. Some fairs are small, bringing together a dozen or so people.  Such  fairs are held in shopping  centers or churches. At large fairs, several  hundred crafts  people  assemble their works for people to admire  and buy. These fairs are held in public parks or on county grounds. Crafts fairs are usually held on weekends when people are free from work  and  looking for things to do. The  fairs are  directed  toward families. They  offer rides and shows for the children  to keep  them  busy  while  the parents look  at  the crafts. The crafts people buy include things to decorate their  homes,  clothes  for  their children, and  gifts for their friends for holidays, weddings or special occasions. People go to craft fairs rather  than  shopping at  stores  because  they  look for  things that are different  and original. They also look out for bargains. The prices for works of art at  craft  fairs are usually very reasonable.

   现在我们先听老师把今天测验的三个问题念一遍.

   第一个问题是:
   M: What are some of the things one can find in a craft fair?
   第二个问题是:
   M: Where are craft fairs held?
   第三个问题是:
   M: Why do people go to craft fairs?

   现在我们再听老师用慢速度把整篇文章再念一遍.

   For  a  long  time  Americans preferred things  which were mass produced in factories. But recently many Americans have taken up crafts of various  kinds. They make things out of  wood,  metal,  glass,  wax,  leather  and cloth.  They usually design the things they make themselves and often they sell  what they make too.  The  work  of  these  crafts people has become very good  and very popular. These  people's  crafts  are  sold  at craft fairs.  These  are  usually community sponsored events. Some fairs are small, bringing together a dozen or so people.  Such  fairs are held in shopping  centers or churches. At large fairs, several  hundred crafts  people  assemble their works for people to admire  and buy. These fairs are held in public parks or on county grounds. Crafts fairs are usually held on weekends when people are free from work  and  looking for things to do. The  fairs are  directed  toward families. They  offer rides and shows for the children  to keep  them  busy  while  the parents look  at  the crafts. The crafts people buy include things to decorate their  homes,  clothes  for  their children, and  gifts for their friends for holidays, weddings or special occasions. People go to craft fairs rather  than  shopping at  stores  because  they  look for  things that are different  and original. They also look out for bargains. The prices for works of art at  craft  fairs are usually very reasonable.

   现在请你回答刚听过的三个问题. 回答之后老师会念出正确答案给你听.

   第一个问题是:
   M: What are some of the things one can find in a craft fair?
   F:  One can find things made of wood, metal, glass, wax, leather and cloth there.

   第二个问题是:
   M: Where are craft fairs held?
   F:  They are held in shopping centers, churches, public parks or county fair grounds.

   第三个问题是:
   M: Why do people go to craft fairs?
   F:  They go to buy things that are different, original and not expensive.

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