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中级美国英语以tion和al结尾的词汇

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一.本课要点及示例

   在这一课里,   我们学习以  t-i-o- n  结尾的名词.  比方  education,  introduction, production  等等.  我们还要学习以 a-l  结尾的形容词, 比方 national, emotional, historical 等等.

   首先我们还是听两位英文老师念一段对话,内容是说彼得和玛丽谈起了有一出歌舞剧在纽约上演轰动一时的事情.请你注意听两位英文老师的发音和语调.

   F:  Peter, listen to the lyrics of this song.
   M: What's so special about this song?
   F:  It's from the musical that is so popular in New York right now. Do you like it?
   M: Not very much. It sounds too emotional to me.
   F:  That's why it is so popular. It was recorded by Barbara   Martin. I've heard  that when she sang  this song on stage the  opening night, she created quite a sensation.
   M: I'm afraid my association with Broadway musicals is rather limited.
   F:  Well  then,  you  need  an  introduction.   The  school  drama  club  is putting on a musical production. Why don't you take me?
   M: I have a better  idea. Let's go to a jazz concert  and   I'll  give you an education in jazz.

   现在我们再听老师把对话重念一遍 

   F:  Peter, listen to the lyrics of this song.
   M: What's so special about this song?
   F:  It's from the musical that is so popular in New York right now. Do you like it?
   M: Not very much. It sounds too emotional to me.
   F:  That's why it is so popular. It was recorded by Barbara   Martin. I've heard  that when she sang  this song on stage the  opening night, she created quite a sensation.
   M: I'm afraid my association with Broadway musicals is rather limited.
   F:  Well  then,  you  need  an  introduction.   The  school  drama  club  is putting on a musical production. Why don't you take me?
   M: I have a better  idea. Let's go to a jazz concert  and   I'll  give you an education in jazz. 

   现在我请老师把对话里包含了我们今天要学的字的句子再念一遍给你听.

   F:  It's from the musical that is so popular in New York right now.
   M: It sounds too emotional to me.
   F:  She created quite a sensation.
   M: My association with Broadway musicals is rather limited.
   F:  You need an introduction. The school drama club is putting on a   musical production.
   M: I'll give you an education in jazz.

二.以TION结尾的名词

   第一组练习是比较动词跟以 t-i-o-n 结尾的名词.    这些名词都是由动词演变来的.   比方   "打算"  intend 变成   intention, "申请" apply 变成 application, "竞争"compete 变成 competition, "通知" inform 变成 information, "吸引"  attract   变成attraction  等等.  现在老师给你念一些句子,   比较这种动词和名词在用法上的分别.   句子的内容主要说到我们刚才在对话里提到的那位歌舞剧红星早年是怎么样到纽约戏剧中心百老汇演歌舞剧的. 请你注意听男老师念句子,并且跟着女老师把句子重复一遍.

   M: New York attracts a lot of people. Broadway musicals are one of its attractions.
   F:  New York attracts a lot of people. Broadway musicals are one of its attractions.
   M: Barbara intended to go to New York. She told her parents about her intention.
   F:  Barbara intended to go to New York. She told her parents about her intention.
   M: They described New York for her. Their description sounded very exciting.
   F:  They described New York for her. Their description sounded very exciting.
   M: She applied for a singing role in a Broadway show. Her application was accepted.
   F:  She applied for a singing role in a Broadway show. Her application was accepted.
   M: She competed with a lot of applicants for the role and won the competition.
   F:  She competed with a lot of applicants for the role and won the competition.
   M: The  company  informed  her of  the  good  news.  She was very  happy to   hear  the information.
   F:  The  company  informed  her of  the   good  news.  She  was  very  happy   to    hear the information.

   刚才那些句子说明芭芭拉怎么样在纽约百老汇的一出歌舞剧里找到了演唱的机会. 我希望你都听懂了. 如果没有完全听懂, 不要紧, 现在我们再作一组练习换一个方式把那些句子重复练习一遍.    练习的作法是老师根据刚才那些句子提出问句, 接着老师念出一个词组, 学生就用词组来回答问题.   下面就是一个例子:

   M: What did Barbara tell her parents?
   M: her intention to go to New York
   F:  She told her parents about her intention to go to New York.

   请你跟学生一起作练习. 同时特别注意以t-i-o-n结尾的名词.

   M: What is one of the attractions in New York?
   M: Broadway musicals
   F:  Broadway musicals are one of the attractions in New York.
   M: What did Barbara tell her parents?
   M: her intention to go to New York
   F:  She told her parents about her intention to go to New York.
   M: What sounded exciting?
   M: the description of New York
   F:  The description of New York sounded exciting.
   M: What was accepted?
   M: Barbara's application for a job in a Broadway musical
   F:  Barbara's application for a job in a Broadway musical was accepted.
   M: What did she win?
   M: the competition for the job
   F:  She won the competition for the job.
   M: What did the company tell her?
   M: the information that she was hired
   F:  The company told her the information that she was hired.

三.以AL结尾的形容词

   下面我们作一组练习,  学学以 a-l 结尾的形容词. 这些形容词都是从名词演变来的. 比方  "感情" emotion  变成 "激动" emotional,"喜剧"comedy  变成 "滑稽"comical, "戏院" theater 变成"有戏剧性的"theatrical,"音乐" music 变成 "有音乐才能" musical 等等. 不过 musical 这个字也可以当名词用, 意思就是"歌舞剧".下面这组练习里的句子是说到芭芭拉在音乐和演戏方面的才华.   练习的作法是由老师念一个句子,  学生就跟着念一句.    请你跟学生一起练习并且特别注意新词汇.

   M: Barbara loves music. She is very musical.
   F:  Barbara loves music. She is very musical.
   M: She has a career in the musical theatre, because she is also talented in doing theatrical works.
   F:  She has a career in the musical theatre, because she is also talented in doing theatrical works.
   M: Her acting is full of emotion. She can be very emotional when it is necessary.
   F:  Her acting is full of emotion. She can be very emotional when it is necessary.
   M: When she acts in a comedy, she is comical.
   F:  When she acts in a comedy, she is comical.
   M: She studies history before she plays a historical role.
   F:  She studies history before she plays a historical role.
   M: Her performances are sensational. Her shows created a sensation on Broadway.
   F:  Her performances are sensational. Her shows created a sensation on Broadway.
   M: She plays in many cities across the nation. She attracts national attention.
   F:  She plays in many cities across the nation. She attracts national attention.

   下面我们以问答的方式重复练习刚才那些句子和新词汇. 请你注意听老师问问题, 然后跟学生一起用老师提出的字或是词组来回答问题.

   M: Is Barbara talented in doing theatrical works?
   M: yes
   F:  Yes, she is talented in doing theatrical works.
   M: When is she emotional?
   M: when she acts
   F:  She is emotional when she acts.
   M: When is she comical?
   M: when she acts in a comedy
   F:  She is comical when she acts in a comedy.
   M: When does she study history?
   M: before she plays a historical role
   F:  She studies history before she plays a historical role.
   M: Does she give sensational performances?
   M: yes
   F:  Yes, she gives sensational performances.
   M: Does she attract national attention?
   M: yes
   F:  Yes, she attracts national attention.

四.复习TION结尾的名词

   下面我们再作一组练习多学学以 t-i-o-n 结尾的名词.这些名词仍然是动词演变而来的,   比方  "跟某某人交往"   或是   "跟什么什么有联系"  associate  变成association,"提升"  或是 "宣传" promote   变成 promotion,  "制作" produce 变成"作品" production,  "即兴表演"  improvise 变成 "即兴作品" improvisation 等等.这组练习的内容是说芭芭拉在歌舞剧方面的经验和成就.   请你注意听男老师念句子, 并且跟着女老师把句子再念一遍.

   M: Barbara associated with other artists.The close association with them was helpful to her.
   F:  Barbara associated with other artists.The close association with them was helpful to her.
   M: The company promoted her. A lot of money was spent on her promotion.
   F:  The company promoted her. A lot of money was spent on her promotion.
   M: The company produced many shows for her. The productions were successful.
   F:  The company produced many shows for her. The productions were successful.
   M: When she sang she often improvised. Her improvisations were unique.
   F:  When she sang she often improvised. Her improvisations were unique.
   M: The songs she sang were translated into other languages.  The   translations  made  the songs popular abroad.
   F:  The songs she sang were translated into other languages.    The translations  made  the songs popular abroad.

   下面我们还是以问答方式重复练习刚才学过的句子和词汇.现在请你注意听老师根据刚才那些句子的内容问问题,然后跟学生一起作肯定的答覆.

   M: Did Barbara have close associations with other artists?
   F:  Yes, she had close associations with other artists?
   M: Did the company spend a lot of money for her promotion?
   F:  Yes, the company spent a lot of money for her promotion?
   M: Were the productions produced for her successful?
   F:  Yes, the productions produced for her were successful.
   M: Were the translations of her songs popular?
   F:  Yes, the translations of her songs were popular.

五.听短文回答问题

   今天我们要听的文章谈到两种美国流行歌曲,一种是起源于非洲宗教乐曲和民谣,  由美国黑人音乐家发扬光大的爵士音乐, 一种是以纽约戏剧中心 "百老汇"为大本营的美国歌舞剧.

   现在请你注意听. 并且注意我们刚才学过的词汇在文章里的用法.

   When  people talk about  American  popular music, they don't  just mean country  music or rock music. There  are  two  other  types  of   popular  music  with  national and international appeal that are basically American. One is Jazz. The other  is a musical  form associated with New York City theaters.  Jazz  originated  from  African  religious  and   folk  music. The themes and melodies of  jazz music have historical origins. They came from  songs  sung  by black Americans in church or at work. There have been different kinds of jazz music, the blues, ragtime, swing boogie-woogie and others.  In  playing  jazz  music,  the  performers  blend  rhythms  and  melodies  with their skills  of improvisation.  Modern  jazz  music  has developed into a complex musical style  enjoyed more by musicians and older jazz lovers than by the general public.  American theater has developed another American musical style.  It  is  associated  with a street in New York City, Broadway. Broadway musicals are  dramatic productions  in  which the story is told partly by dialogue and partly through songs. The lyrics of these songs give background information about the story and express  the feelings of  the  characters  in  the story. Many Broadway musicals have been  made into movies  that   have  been  shown all over the world.  "Oklahoma", "Sound of Music", "My Fair  Lady", and "West Side Story"  are some good examples.  Songs  from  these  musicals  and  others  have   translations in various languages that  are sung around  the world.  Many of them  have  become popular  with  people  who  have not even seen the musicals for which they were written.

   现在请你回答三个问题. 每回答一个问题就请你听老师给你念正确答案.

   第一个问题是:
   M: What are two types of American popular music with international appeal?
   F:  They are Jazz and Broadway musicals.

   第二个问题是:
   M: What are the origins of American Jazz?
   F:  The origins of American Jazz are the religious and folk music of American blacks.

   第三个问题是:
   M: How is the story told in American musicals?
   F:  It is told partly by dialogue and partly through songs.

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