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2012考研英语写作:用亮点词句来替换

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作文是各类英语考试中得分较低的一种题型,究其原因,除了平时缺少练习之外,同学们还缺乏作文得分技巧。同学们需要掌握一定的作文模板和熟悉大量的话题作文,纯模板会很僵化缺乏弹性,而话题作文可以更好的拓展思维,例如话题写作160篇里的高分佳句很实用。考研英语写作的提高需要大量细节的分析和磨练,其中一个重要的主题是关于英语创作的重要规律--seeking variety (追求语言丰富多变)。如何追求变化?下面举几个具体的例子,从各种角度给出句型转换的方式,提供一些思路。如果能在作文中设置一些词汇和句型的闪光点,必定使你的作文如虎添翼。

 

一、注意段首句式的变化

 

图画作文的段首句往往是"如图所示"或"从图画中可以看出"之类,下面为经常采用的一些句型:

 

As is shown in the picture,

As can be seen from the picture,

It is vividly shown in the picture that......

We can see in this picture that ......

It is of considerable interest to see in the bizarre picture that......

 

二、适当用被动替换主动,这样能更客观地反映事实。

 

句子开头不要总是用we / I (比如写结尾时不用we should pay attention to而用Attention should be paid to. ) 举个经典结尾的例子:It is, therefore, high time that some applicable approaches were implemented by the service industry like that. By doing so,its competitive edge will be sharpened effectively。

 

三、一句话用不同的句式来表达

 

为了加强同学们对语法知识在写作中的灵活应用,下面给出一句话的14种句式及语言调整的效果,内容上没有太大差异,但是请同学们仔细辨别每句话所侧重的句式:

 

1.使用表语从句

 

The picture shows two people reading the announcement on a billboard, and being shocked at the message. The reason is that the billboard is advertising a "sale of the dead bodies"。

 

2.使用介词短语

 

In the picture, two people are reading the announcement and they are being shocked at the message of "a sale of dead bodies" on a billboard。

 

3.使用疑问句

 

The picture shows two people reading the announcement on a billboard. Why are they so shocked? The reason is that the billboard is advertising a "sale of the dead bodies"。

 

4.使用原因状语从句

 

The picture shows two people reading the announcement on a billboard. As the billboard is advertising a "sale of the dead bodies", they are shocked at the message。

 

5.使用结果状语从句

 

The picture shows two people reading the announcement on a billboard. The billboard is advertising a "sale of the dead bodies" so that they are shocked at the message。

 

6.使用时间状语从句

 

In the picture, while the two people are reading the announcement on the billboard about "a sale of the dead bodies", they are being deeply shocked。

 

7.使用分词短语

 

In the picture, reading the message of a ‘sale of the dead bodies" advertised on the billboard, the two people are deeply shocked。

 

8.使用主动语态

 

In the picture, the announcement on a billboard advertising a "sale of the dead bodies" shocks the two people reading it。

 

9.使用There be 结构

 

In the picture, there is an announcement on a billboard advertising a "sale of the dead bodies" and shocking the two people reading it。

 

10.使用倒装句

 

On a billboard is an announcement advertising a "sale of the dead bodies". The two people reading it are being shocked。

 

11.使用定语从句

 

In the picture, the announcement on a billboard which advertises a "sale of the dead bodies" shocks the two people reading it。

 

12.强调句

 

In the picture, it is the announcement on a billboard advertising a "sale of the dead bodies" that shocks the two people reading it。

 

13.虚拟语气

 

In the picture, were it not for the announcement on the billboard advertising a "sale of the dead bodies", the two people would not be so shocked。

 

四。尽量复杂作文中的句式

 

It is of considerable interest to observe in this bizarre caricature that a couple of citizens, reading an announcement issued on the billboard, are taken aback as a result of the astounding message which informs people of a "sale of dead bodies"。

 

句中使用的词组包括:be of considerable interest, a couple of, taken aback, as a result of, inform sb. of 长句采用的特殊语法包括:宾语从句+分词结构做插入语+分词作后置定语(issued)+被动语态+原因短语+定语从句。


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