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托福独立写作中的自问自答

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  很多考生认为独立写作不容易写,主要原因是因为没有想法或语言不好表达。其实,思路和表达是由逻辑决定的。而所有文章的逻辑都可以通过一种“自问自答”的方式展开。这样,你的思路如同行云流水一般流畅,而你的语言也会随着思路从容地表达出来。

  下面以2011年05月13日北美新托福独立写作真题为例,题目为:

  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

  It is better for parents to encourage their children to take a part-time job.

  Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

  题目:父母该不该鼓励孩子做兼职工作?

  破题思路:

  1)问:不做兼职会怎样?答:有可能无所事事而招惹麻烦,受到周围人的影响沾染上坏习性。

  2)问:做兼职会怎样?答:学会管理时间、培养责任心、珍惜闲暇时光和辛苦赚到的钱(全文中心论点)。

  因此,开头可以这样展开。

  第一句,不做兼职可能会怎样:

  Children with too much free time are more likely to get themselves in trouble because teenagers tend to develop bad behavior from the influence of their friends and peers.

  第二句,还是做兼职好(引出中心论点):

  I think that a parent should encourage his or her children to do a part-time job to instill in them the value of time management, a sense of personal responsibility, and also to help them to learn the value of money.

  中间段落的逻辑展开也可以如法炮制,如Paragraph 1:

  问:做兼职有何好处?答:学会管理时间(本段论点)。

  While a part-time job sometimes conflicts with studies, this experience can help young people acquire important time management skills that will help them succeed in college.

  问:具体而言,管理时间有何意义?答:拖延时间会拉低学习成绩(举例论证)。

  If students begin learning to manage a tight schedule in high school, they will soon understand that procrastination can be detrimental to their grade point average.

  得出结论,点题:

  A part-time job makes them block off more time each day for work, school and homework.

  反问:如果不做兼职可能会怎样?答:时间观念差(再次强调论点)。

  Without a part-time job, their schedules are more likely to be unstructured.

  后面的段落与之相仿,也是通过自问自答将行文逻辑展开,层层递进、环环相扣。这样的文章思路清晰、逻辑严谨、可操作性强,便于模仿和记忆


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