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能给托福写作加分的巧词

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  虽然许多同学都将新托福作文视为“八股文”,但事实上,在新托福作文写作时巧用一些英语“小词”,会收到意想不到的效果,这些词不仅能使文章更加地道,也会使“八股文”变得更加有意思、有水平。

  之所以称它们为“小词”,是因为这些词常常是我们所“熟视无睹”的小玩意,同学们对它们还没有足够的重视。孰比知,用好了十个小词的效果绝对要比用十个大词、难问好得多。现在,您品一下这十个词:Challenge,Share,Instead,Manage,Afford,Rather,Ever,Available,Else,Involve.

  这十个词不仅词意丰富,而且用法多样,下面为您详细地介绍一下它们的常句式,并配有一些例句。

  1、Challenge

  (1)Challenge sb to do sth 。向…挑战,邀请…比赛

  They challenge us to a swimming contest.

  (2)to give (accept) a challenge ( 接受 ) 挑战

  2、Share

  (1)Share 部分,分

  Everybody ought to have his proper share.

  (2)Share 参与、贡献

  I had no share in the mater.

  (3)Share (with,between) 分配,共有

  They shared the profits between them.

  I will share with you in the undertaking.

  3、Instead

  (1)instead 代替

  If you cannot go,let him go instead.

  (2)instead of 代替

  I will go instead of you.

  4、Manage

  (1)manage to do 完成,达成

  We finally managed to get there in time.

  (2)manage with 办事,处现事务

  We can‘t manage with these poor tools.

  (3)manage on 生活,过活

  How will she manage with her husband gone.

  5、Afford

  (1)afford to do 足以承担

  I cannot afford to pay such a high price.

  (2)afford 产生

  Reading affords pleasure.

  6、Rather

  (1)would rather do 宁愿

  He said he would rather stay at home.

  (2)rather than 宁愿

  I had rather dance than eat.

  7、Ever

  (1)ever 曾经

  Have you ever been there?

  (2)ever 究竟

  Why ever didn’t you go.

  (3)ever 如果

  If the band(乐队)ever plays again,we will dance.

  (4)ever so=very

  Thank you ever so much.

  8、Available

  (1) available 通用的,有效的

  The season ticket is available for three months.

  (2)available 可用的,可达到的

  9、Else

  (1)else 此外,别的

  Where else did you go?

  (2)else 否则,不然

  Hurry,else you‘ll be late.

  10、Involve

  (1)involve 包括

  Housekeeping involves cooking, washing dishes, sweeping and cleaning.

  (2)involve 使陷于

  One foolish mistake can involve you in a good deal of trouble.

  (3)involve 使纠缠,使难得

  A sentence that is involved is hard to understand.

  (4)involve 包围

  Clouds involved the hilltop.


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