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如何突破托福综合写作难点

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  首先,summarize,也就是概括阅读和听力文章的主要内容和各三个分论点。

  这其实就是Introduction要写的内容,掌握了概括,第一段就不成问题咯!

  其次,Paraphrase,也就是改写。掌握好了改写句子,你写起文章来将会感觉到如鱼得水,游刃有余。改写其实主要有下面的两种方法:

  第一,使用不同的词汇

  a.使用同义词

  比如以下的一些写作高频词汇的同义词,你一定要掌握,出现的尤为频繁。

  important→essential, crucial, vital, significant,

  think→claim, believe, consider, deem, figure out

  nowadays→currently, at present, now, recently, in recent years, these days

  b.改变词性

  这是一种稍微难一些的方法,要求你的语法基础非常好,你才能灵活自如的运用。

  n. → v.

  Eg:When we look at a comparison between A and B…

  When we compare A and B…

  Adj. → n.

  There are a variety of solutions to the problem.

  There are various solutions to the problem.

  c. 使用不同的承接词。

  承接词在文章当中的使用相当频繁,不仅是段落和段落的连接,还包括句子和句子的连接。背住一些常用的承接词比你的改写将会有极大的作用。

  because of → due to, owing to, because, as, since, for

  but → however, nevertheless, nonetheless, whereas

  so → therefore, hence, thus, consequently

  d.形容词的逆向表达。

  在某些形容词上进行修改,会达到非比寻常的效果。

  Eg: not as easy as…→more difficult than…

  Not uncommon→common

  The cheapest → the least expensive

  第二,使用不同的句型

  a. 改变词序。

  这是非常简单的一种方法,完全不用动脑筋就可以进行改写。常常将句子中的状语(包括状语从句)换位置。

  Eg: For many years, people have believed …

  →People believed… for many years.

  After this programs has been solved, work on … can continue.

  b. 主动语态和被动语态的互相替换

  Eg: Trained scientists performed this research.

  →This research was performed by trained scientists.

  c. 使用“there be” 句型

  使用“there be” 句型,可以将一个简单句,马上变成一个加入定语从句或者分词的复杂句。Eg: Several computer programs can be used to solve this problem.

  →There are several computer programs that can be used to solve this problem.或There are several computer programs used to solve this problem.

  d. 定语从句,分词和插入语的互相替换

  Eg: Study…, conducted by sociologists in 2004, shows that…

  →Study…, which was conducted by sociologists in 2004, shows that…

  Eg: This…, which is one of the most powerful … in the world, has…

  →This…, one of the most powerful… in the world, has…

  接下来,Cite,即引用。综合写作乃客观写作,只是一个旁观者的角度对这两篇文章的内容进行描述,因此,某观点是出自哪篇文章一定要说清楚。所以,下面的这些句型在综合写作中必不可缺。

  a.According to+noun.

  Eg: According to the passage/lecture/author/professor,…

  b.Subject+verbs of reporting +that clause

  Eg: The author tells/reports/suggests/explains/says/argues/states/indicates/claims/points out/thinks/believes that…

  或The speaker agrees/disagrees/rejects/disputes/challenges/takes a different view…

  c. As is indicated/displayed/illustrated in the passage/lecture,…

  最后,Synthesize,也就是连接。具体来讲,就是承接词的使用是相当重要的,将文章当中的重要信息连接起来,体现作者对于两篇文章的理解正确,说明作者的思路清楚。由于综合写作是对两篇文章的比较,所以下面表对比和递进的承接词使用的最频繁。

  a.Transitional words showing contrast: however, on the other hand, in contrast, on the contrary

  b.Transitional words showing addition: moreover, furthermore, in addition, besides, as well

  现在,是不是感觉清晰很多了呢?也没有那么惧怕综合写作了呢?我相信,只要你掌握了上述四大技巧,综合写作对你来说将不再是个难以跨越的关口。


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