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高考阅卷组成员点评(3):2011英语全国1 写作易犯问题及对策

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一、写作要求和考生存在的问题

 

(一)写作要求

 

1、内容表达清楚,体现活跃的思维和清晰的逻辑。

 

2、句式和词汇丰富,语法和用词准确。

 

3、语篇连贯,交际得体。

 

(二)写作存在的问题

 

1、词汇量少,造句能力差,很多学生写不出一些最常见的词汇。

 

2、对常用词汇的基本用法不了解,不会运用常用的动词短语。至于用词不当的情况则更多。

 

3、句子结构意识较差。写出的句子语义不明,或者句中无明确主谓结构或主谓不一致或出现连动词现象。

 

4、语言连贯性差,缺少语言变换,如句与句之间缺少衔接,缺少逻辑关系,甚至出现一连串的雷同句式。

 

5、篇章结构差,想一句写一句,缺乏整体的谋篇布局和前后呼应;格式、语气也有不当之处。

 

6、文章立意差,往往对自己要表达什么和怎样表达没有清晰的思维,而想要表达的内容又词不达意。

 

7、使用的词语、句子结构不符合英语习惯,出现一些的中式英语。

 

学会使用高级词语和高级句子

 

1、用高级词语替换一般词语,用复合句代替简单句,用非谓语代替从句。

 

①He is very busy with work.→

He is extremely occupied with work.

 

②After he finished his work, he was very tired. →

Having finished his work, he was always extremely exhausted.

 

③ My sister studies very hard. It helps her make great progress every day. →

My sister puts her whole heart into study, which helps her make great progress every day.

 

用高级的句子代替一般的句子

 

2、用高级句子代替一般句子

 

(1)He didn’t come to the meeting yesterday because he was ill.(一般)

His illness accounted for his absence from the meeting yesterday.(高级)

 

(2)When he was a child,he wanted to learn everything.(一般)

When he was a child,he had a strong desire for knowledge.(高级)

 

(3)I’ll thank you if you think about my application.(一般)

I’ll appreciate it if you can take my application into consideration.(高级)

 

(4)Many people are worried about the problem of air pollution.(一般)

The problem of air pollution has caused wide public concern.(高级)

 

4、句式要多样化

 

He works very hard.→

①He makes his efforts to work.

②He does everything he can to work.

③He puts his heart into his work.

④He tries his best to work.

 

为了让书面表达得高分,我们写好的书面表达要尽量具有如下六大特性。

 

1.条理性。

2.准确性。

3.流畅性。

4.简洁多样性。

5.思想性。

6.美观性。

 


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