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英语分类词汇大全之Football足球词汇

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On this page you can find explanations of the vocabulary in the English through football web site. The words are organised alphabetically.

Word Bank A - E

abroad 国外

In another country

blow the whistle 吹哨

The referee uses a whistle to control the game. It's the name for the object he puts to his mouth which makes a loud noise.

box 禁区

The area marked by white lines outside of which goalkeepers cannot use their hands. Also called the penalty area.

cap (英国)授予(球员)队员帽;成为国家队队员;代表国家队参加比赛

If you have 13 caps for your country, it means that you have played 13 matches for that country.

Championship 冠军

The competition to win the league.

division – see First Division

Word Bank F - J

First Division 甲级联赛

A division is a group of teams with a similar level. In England the First Division is actually the name for the second group of teams.

first half 上半场

The first 45 minutes of a football match

first team 一线队

Many football clubs have more than one team - the best team is called the first team.

foul 犯规

If you kick a player instead of the ball, this is a foul.

Golden Boot 金靴奖

A trophy for the player who has scored the most goals in a season(赛季).

headed goal 头球

A goal scored with the head, not the foot.

hit the back of the net 进球

To score a goal

half way line 中场线

The white marking across the middle of the pitch is the half way line.

integrity 公正

Honesty and fairness.

Word Bank L - O

leagues 联赛

A group of divisions - in England the Football League is made up of the First, Second and Third Divisions.

linesman 边裁

One of the people who controls the match. He carries a flag and runs up and down the touchline(边线). There are two linesmen in a match, one for each half of the pitch(球场). Now more correctly called an assistant referee(助理裁判).

manager 教练(经理)

The person who is responsible for the team. He trains the players, chooses which ones will be in the team and he also decides how they are going to play. Sometimes this job is also referred to as the coach(教练).

match 比赛

A game of football is called a match.

National Anthem 国歌

The song for a country which is usually played before international football matches.

nil 零

Zero, nothing, nought, 0. The score 1 - 0 is said:- "one nil."

officials 指 裁判

The people who control the game, the referee and assistant referees are called the officials.

out of contract 合约到期,满约

If a player is 'out of contract' it means he is able to move to a different football club.

Word Bank P - T

post 门柱

The vertical part of the goal frame.

Premier League 英超联赛

The name for the top group of teams in England. It used to be called the First Division.

professional 职业球员

If you are a professional footballer it means that that is your full-time job. It is not a hobby or something you do part-time.

referee 裁判

The person who controls the game from on the pitch. He has a whistle to start and stop the game.

scored 进球

If you have scored, you have got a goal.

season 赛季

The period when a championship is played is a season. In England the football season is from August until September.

second half 下半场

The second 45 minutes of a football match.

shot 射门

Kicking the ball towards the goal to try and score is a shot.

stands 看台

Where people watch a football from. Although today most people sit at a football match in the past it was common to stand.

striker 射手

a striker is a goalscorer.

touchline 边线

The white line around a football pitch is the touchline. When the ball crosses the line it is 'out of play' or 'in touch'.

trophies (singular - trophy) 奖品,奖杯

A trophy is a prize given to a football team when they have won a competition. Usually it is a large silver cup.

Word Bank U - Z

volley 打凌空球

To volley the ball is to kick it when it is in mid-air, it is not on the ground.

yellow card 黄牌

If a player commits a bad foul, the referee may show him a yellow card. It is a strong warning. If a player gets a second yellow card he has to leave the pitch.


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