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作文常用的句型有哪些?

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以下是短文写作中使用率最高、覆盖面最广的基本句式,每组句式的功能相同或相似,考生可根据自己的情况选择其中的1-2个,做到能够熟练正确地仿写或套用。

.表示原因
)There are three reasons for this.
)The reasons for this are as follows.
)The reason for this is obvious.
)The reason for this is not far to seek.
)The reason for this is that...
)We have good reason to believe that...
例如:
.Firstly,people’s living standard has been greatly improved.Secondly,most people are well paid, and they can afford what they need or like.Last but not least,more and more people prefer to enjoy modern life.
注:如考生写第一个句子没有把握,可将其改写成两个句子。如:Great changes have taken place in our life. There are three reasons for this.这样写可以避免套用中的表达失误。
.表示好处
)It has the following advantages.
)It does us a lot of good.
)It benefits us quite a lot.
)It is beneficial to us.
)It is of great benefit to us.
例如:
.They can help us know the world better,and they can open our minds and widen our horizons.Therefore,reading extensively is of great benefit to us.
.表示坏处
)It has more disadvantages than advantages.
)It does us much harm.
)It is harmfulto us.
例如:
,everything dividesinto two.Television can also be harmful to us.It can do harm to our health and make us lazy if we spend too much time watching televi- sion.
.表示重要、必要、困难、方便、可能
)It is important(necessary,difficult,convenient, possible)for sb.to do sth.
)We think it necessary to do sth.
)It plays an important role in our life.
例如:
,whether in the government,in schools or in business.Soon, computers will be found in every home,too.We have good reason to say that computers are playing an increasingly important role in our life and we have stepped into the Computer Age.
.表示措施
)We should take some effective measures.
)We should try our best to overcome(conquer)the difficulties.
)We should do our utmost in doing sth.
)We should solve the problems that we are confronted(faced)with.
例如:
.Therefore,we must take some effective measures to solve it.
.表示变化
)Some changes have taken place in the past five years.
)A great change will certainly be produced in the world’s communications.
)The computer has brought about many changes in education.
例如:
’s diet in the past five years.The major reasons for these changes are not far to seek.Nowadays,more and more people are switching from grain to meat for protein,and from fruit and vegetable to milk for vitamins.
.表示事实、现状
)We cannot ignore the fact that...
)No one can deny the fact that...
)There is no denying the fact that...
)This is a phenomenon that many people are interested in.
)However,that’s not the case.
例如:
.To solve these problems, we can start by educating the public about the hazards of pollution.The government on its part should also design stricter laws to promote a cleaner environment.
.表示比较
)Compared with A,B...
)I prefer to read rather than watch TV.
)There is a striking contrast between them.
例如:
,bicycles have several advantages besides being affordable.Firstly,they do not consume natural resources of petroleum.Secondly,they do not cause the pollution problem.Last but not least,they contribute to people’s health by giving them due physical exercise.
.表示数量
)It has increased(decreased)from...to...
)The population in this city has now increased (decreased)to 800,000.
)The output of July in this factory increased by 15% compared with that of January.
例如:
,the proportion of people’s income spent on food has decreased while that spent on education has increased.
再如:
,itcan be seen that student use of computers has increased from an average of less than two hours per week in 1990 to 20 hours in 2000.
注:“From the graph listed above,it can be seen that”见句式12。考生将句式9和句式12结合在一起,便可较好地写出2002年6月CET -4、6短文写作的第一段。
.表示看法
)People have(take,adopt,assume)different attitudes towards sth.
)People have different opinions on this problem.
)People take different views of(on)the question.
)Some people believe that...Others argue that...
例如:
.Some believe that failure leads to success.
.However, others are easily discouraged by failures and put themselves into the category of losers.
再如:
“lucky numbersreally bring good luck?Different people have different views on it.
注:一个段落有时很适宜以问句开始,考生应掌握这一写作方法。
.表示结论
)In short,it can be said that ...
)It may be briefly summed up as follows.
)From what has been mentioned above,we can come to the conclusion that ...
例如:
,we can come to the conclusion that examination is necessary,however, its method should be improved.
注:例句1可用于任何一个段落的结论句;例句3则多用文章结论段的第一句。
.套语
)It’s well known to us that ...
)As is known to us,...
)This is a topic that is being widely talked about.
)From the graph(table,chart)listed above,it can be seen that ...
)As aproverb says,“Where there is a will,there is a way.
例如:
,it is important for the students to know the world outside campus.
.Nowadays,the society is changing and developing rapidly,and the campus is no longer an“ivory tower.As college students,we must get in touch with the world outside the campus.Only in this way can we adapt ourselves to the society quickly after we graduate.


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