Shaoxing lies in northern Zhejiang Province on the southern shore of the Hangzhou Bay. Afamous ancient city south of the Yangtze River and the hometown of Lu Xun (1881-1936),China's great twentieth century writer, it was the capital of the State of Yue of the Spring andAutumn Period some two thousand years ago. Shaoxing is a town of rivers and canals, archbridges and boats. Tourists will find a number of interesting places to visit in the city and itsvicinity.
King Yu Temple and Tomb
This site is located four kilometers southeast of Shaoxing. King Yu or the great Yu was believedto be the King of Xia, the legendary first Chinese dynasty of the twenty-second to sixteenthcentury B.C. He was remembered for his extraordinary efforts in flood control. The templewhich was first built in the sixth century and has since been rebuilt on many occasions iscomposed of Meridian Gate (Wumen), Memorial Hall, and the Main Hall, all built on the sameaxis. Da Yu's statue stands inside the magnificent twenty-four-meter-high Main Hall, which isdouble-eaved with painted ridge poles and engraved beams. The Goulou Pavilion in front ofmeridian Gate houses a monument, also named Goulou, which is said to have been erected byKing yu when he was taming the flood. In the Burial Stone Pavilion (Bianshiting) east of thetemple is a two-meter-high cone-shaped stone believed to have been used at King Yu'sfuneral. King Yu's tomb sits to the left of the temple.
Located at the foot of Lanzhou Hill fourteen kilometers southwest of Shaoxing, this pavilion iswhere the master calligrapher Wang Xizhi of the Eastern Jin Dynasty (317-420) wrote a famousessay about his meeting with some friends here in 353. While in high spirits, Wang Xizhi wrotean article called "Prologue to the Lanting Pavilion Collection". Eminent and praiseworthy in bothcalligraphy and literary talent, this article became a masterpiece in these two fields. WangXizhi was crowned as the "sage of calligraphers" from then on and this pavilion came toprominence from this event. Now, Orchid Pavilion has been regarded as the Mecca forcalligraphers. The existing garden and buildings were rebuilt in 1548. A small stream, calledCurved Stream (Qushui), runs through the secluded garden, with Liushang Pavilion on its bank.Nearby, at Goose Pond (Echi), there is another pavilion which houses a stone tablet engravedwith two Chinese characters: "E, Chi," said to be in Wang Xizhi's brush writing.
Lu Xun's Former Residence
The residence, a two-storied wooden structure in traditional style, is found at 208 Lu XunRoad in Shaoxing. Lu Xun lived here until he went to study abroad. He received revolutionarysoldiers and young students here from 1910 to 1912 when he returned home to teach in a localschool, and it was here that he wrote his first novel. To the east of the residence is the ThreeFlavor Study (Sanweishuyu), a private school that Lu Xun attended during his childhood.
East Lake is located in the east suburbs of Shaoxing city, three kilometers from the city center.Featuring an elegant landscape of lakes and mountains and fantastic stones, it, together withthe West Lake in Hangzhou and Nanhu Lake in Jiaxing, are known as the Three Famous Lakes inZhejiang Province.
East Lake used to be a huge rocky hill. During the Han Dynasty, stoneman always went thereto quarry stone. During the Sui, in order to build the great Wall, more stone were quarriedfrom the mountain. After thousands of years of excavation, some parts of the mountain werehollowed, forming a unique scene.
The scenic area consists of Taogong Cave, Xiantao Cave, Tingqiu Pavilion and other spots. "Taogong Dong" is located at the food of the hill with cliffs rising 50-60 meters on each side.Riding on the lake in a boat, visitors can fully enjoy the wonderful scene. There are nine bridgeson the lake and many pavilions dotted the banks. Visitors are sure to enjoy the beautifulscenery.