Qufu in Shandong Province is the hometown of Confucius(551一479 BC) who is a great thinker，statesman and educator in China's history，and founder of the Confucian school of philosophy，which is the ideological root of all varieties of Chinese culture. Its position in the making of Chinese nationality and culture is never surpassed for 2000 years. Qufu，admired by all rulers and intellectuals in history，has numerous cultural sites，among which the most famed areTemple and Cemetery of Confucius and the Kong Family Mansion.
The Confucian Temple is in the center of Qufu City. It was built in 478 BC. There are still 466 halls， pavilions and other rooms intact， covering a total area of 21. 8 hectares. Repeated improvement and expansion has turned the temple into a palatial complex with nine rows of courtyards
The Great Accomplishment Hall , the major structure of the temple，is 33 meters tall. It is roofed with yellow glazed tiles and has octagonal eaves. The front 10 stone columns are carved with dragons. In addition to a statue of Confucius， the hall also houses stone inscription of the Ming Dynasty，which tells the life story of Confucius in 120 pictures，as well as a great deal of stone tablets.
The Confucian Family Mansion，right next to the Confucian Temple，was the residence of Confucius' descendants and also the residence just next to the imperial palace in scale. It covers i6 hectares with 463 rooms. The family mansion now houses a large number of documents，files and cultural relics.
The color of the roof tiles of the mansion is elegant gray. The front part of the mansion is the Office Quarter，while the rear quarter is the family residence and garden. The mansion is famous for not only the numerable cultural treasures but also the Kong Family's Mansion Banquet, which it is said，follows a menu with quite a few imperial dishes for the emperor.
The Confucian Cemetery，occupying more than 200 the family graveyard of Confucius and his descendants for hectares，has served as more than 2 300 years.
Cemetery of Confucius is situated in the suburb north of Kong Family Mansion. It is the largest artificial cemetery in China，with a perimeter of over a dozen kilometers. It is also the most intact and the oldest survivor of family graveyards.
Together，the Confucian Temple。Confucian Family Mansion and Cemetery were inscribed in World Heritage List in 1994.