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用英语说中国旅游华北地区08:周口店—北京人遗址自然概况1

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2016年03月07日

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Natural Feature

自然概况

On December 2nd 1929.a Chinese paleoanthropologist named Pei Wenzhong discovered a complete skull of“Peking Man”on Dragon Bone Hill northwest of Zhoukoudian village,in the southwest suburbs of Beijing

1929年12月2日,我国人类考占学家裴文中先生在北京西南郊的周口店龙骨山北坡一个大洞穴中,发现了’完整的北京猿人头盖骨。

Later,archaeologists unearthed 40-odd individually fossilized skeletons of“Peking Man",male,female,old and young,all at the same site. Zhoukoudian,therefore,became the most common site for human remains with the most abundant fossils in the world from the same period.The discovery pushed the history of Beijing's civilization back to some 600 000 years. These fossilized remains prove that“Peking Man" was primitive man in an evolutionary process from ancient ape to modern man,and is the ancestor of the Chinese nation.

后来,在这同一个地方,考古学家们又发现了40多具“北京人”的骨骼化石,其中有男有女,有老有少。从此,周日店北京猿人遗址闻名于世,这里保存着世界上数量最多的同一时期人类化石。“北京人”的发现将北京的历史向前推进了约60万年。这些化石证实,“北京人”就是处于古代猿人向现代人进化过程中的原始人类,是中华民族祖先。

About 600 000 years ago,living on the plain here were tigers,leopards deer, bovines,and beavers.For safety against these animals and shelter, Peking Man chose the limestone caves. At that time,Peking Man had a lower and flat forehead,bold superciliary ridges,high cheekbones already walked straight-up,was capable of making tools,began production,and have his language. Then at 4 o'clock(pm)on December 2 of 1929, Pei Wen zhong,an anthropologist of China,discovered an intact skull of Peking Man,in a big cave on the north slope of Dragon Bone Hill at Zhoukoudian, and this Peking Man site was soon known globe wide

60万年前,这里平原辽阔,生长着虎、豹、鹿、牛、河狸等动物。为了躲避风雨和野兽的侵袭,北京猿人便存石灰岩的洞穴中栖身.北京猿人前额低平、眉骨粗壮、颧骨高凸,嘴巴前伸已能直立行走、制造工具、进行劳动,并有了语言。

The discovery of Peking Man Site at Zhoukoudian is regarded as the most valuable contribution in the 20th century to paleoanthropology. It advanced human history for tens of thousands years earlier,and so far it is still the world's most intact,the tichest,and the most convincing remains of the primitive mans activities,which strongly proves that“man originated from apes" and which provides the most precious first-hand evidences for the study of human origin and evolution as well as for reproducing the life of the earliest man.

周口店北京猿人遗址的发现,被认为是20世纪古人类学研究中最具价值的贡献。它将人类历史的年代推前了数万年,并且至今仍是目前全球发现最完整。最丰富、最具说服力的古人类活动遗存。它证实了“人是从猿变化而来的”这一事实,为研究人类的起源及其发展,为再现早期人类的生活面貌,提供了极为珍贵的第一手资料。

Apart from Peking Man Site ,around Zhoukoudian are also discovered about 20 other sites with fossils of New Cave IVian about 100000 years ago and fossils of Upper Cave Man about 18 ()U0 years ago .as well as fossils of other vertebrates. Together they form a natural museum of the history of human beings and other living things.

除北京猿人遗址外,在周口店还发现了距今约10万年的“新洞人”化石和约1.8万年前的“山顶洞人”化石以及其他脊椎动物化石遗址20多处,构成了一个天然的生物史和人类史“博物馆”。

Zhoukoudian is known world wide as the home of Peking Man. In 1953,Zhoukoudian Museum was open to the public,and the site was brought under the state protection as a key historic site by the State Council.In l98";,UNESCO inscribed the Peking Man Site at Zhoukoudian in the World Heritage List as a cultural heritage of the world.

周口店以“中国猿人之家”闻名于世。1953年,周口店遗址博物馆对外开放;1961年,周口店遗址被国务院列为全国重点文物保护单位;1987年,联合国教科文组织将周口店“北京人”遗址作为文化遗产列人《世界遗产名录》。


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