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Major Scenic Sites


1. Uazhao Temple


Dazhao Temple is in the old city of Hohhot. This is the earliest temple in Hohhot with a history of over 400years. The temple is entirely patterned after Chinese temples except for the main hall,whichis patterned after a Tibetan Lama temple. In the middle of the Buddha hall sits a silver Buddha statute,which provides Dazhao Temple with its alternative name of Silver Buddha Temple.


Dazhao Temple,‘Wuliang Si(Infinite Temple)’in Chinese .is the oldest building and the largest temple in Hohhot,Inner Mongolia. Locally,people usually refer to it as the Silver Buddha Temple(Ynfo Si)for it is here that there is a rare silver statue of Sakyamuni that measures 2.5-meter-high(8.2-foot-high).


The construction of the temple was tompleted in 1580 during the Ming Dynasty(1368一1644)and it is therefore the oldest Lamaist Buddhist temple in Inner Mongolia. There was a major reconstruction in 1640 although much of the original architectural style was retained.


Dazhao Temple owns its fame to a visit by the third Tibetan Dalai Lama in 1586,when he came to dedicate the Silver Buddha statue. As a consequence Hohhot became a religious center for people from all over Mongolia who came to worship at the temple. Another notable event in the temple's long history was a visit by Emperor Kangxi during the early part of the Qing Dynasty(1644一1911).


The temple is now a well-known tourist attraction because of the impressive buildings,splendid statues delicate trescos,muslcai msiruorema and fine collection of Buddhist scriptures.Of its abundant religious relics perhaps the most notable are the 'Three Marvelous Treasures',a title given to the Silver Buddha,the carved dragons on the huge golden pillars on either side of the statue and commemorating the Emperor's visit.


Except for the main hall,the existing buildings witnin the temple complex are nearly all in the Han style.The main hall is a lamasery combining both Tibetan Han styles of architecture.It has three parts. The front part is a two-story hall with an empty pavilion in the first floor;Jing Tang( the hall for chanting)and Fo Tang(the(the hall for worshiping Buddha)are central andrear sections. The perfectly preserved Silver Buddha lies in Fo Tang as it has for some four hundred years. In the splendid and solemn front of the hall,there is a pair of iron lions with their heads held high.


2. Xilituzhao Palace


Xilituzhao Palace is a key cultural protection unit of Inner Mongona mous Region.It is located in the north of Stone Lane,Yuquan District,Hohhot. It isabout 100 meters(328 feet)away from the famous Dazhao Temple. The palace is the largest Lama temple in Hohhot.


Xilitu,means‘Holy Seat’in Mongolian. It was built in the reign of Emperor Wan Li of Ming Dynasty(1368一1644) for Dalai Lama III and Dalai Lama IV to commemorate the lamas. Xilituzhao Palace was originally quite small,but later on,in the Qing Dynasty(1644一1911),it was renovated and expanded to its present scale.


The temple was quite grand and unique in architectural style. it remains intact despite being weathered by wind and rain for 400years.The layout of the vuhole architectural complex is the typical traditional Han style. The buildings cover an are a of 5 000 sq meters(5 979 sq yards).The whole architectural complex stands in a symmetrical order. With a mountain gate and a main hall standing in an axis,side halls,storehouses and pavilions,bell and drum towers symmetrically stand in the wings. The main hall consisting of a sutra hall and a Buddha worshiping hall is the main structure of the palace. It is a Tibetan style wooden structure,with walls decorated with colored glazed brick. The roof is covered with green glazed tiles. The Buddha worshiping hall was damaged in a fire though the sutra hall preserves its original condition.

寺庙的建筑风格盛大而独树一帜。尽管被风化了四百年,依然保持原状。整个建筑的整体布局是典型的传统汉式风格这些建筑占地5 000平方米,对称排列,即从山门到大殿形成条中轴线两侧对称布置有侧殿、仓房、碑亭和钟鼓楼。带有藏经堂和拜佛堂的大殿为寺庙的主建筑。这是一个藏式木结构建筑,墙壁用彩色琉璃砖砖镶嵌,屋顶铺设着绿色琉璃瓦。然而,拜佛堂后来被一把大火烧毁,藏经堂却仍保持着原有的风貌。

To the east of the main hall stands a stone pagoda made of white marble,which is the best preserved Lama pagoda of bowl-earthen style in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. The pagoda with an average height of i 5 meters ( 49 feet ) is magnificent. Originally,to the northeast of the pagoda。there was a larger temple named Naichun Temple,but unfortunately,it was burnt down in 1887. In front of Xilituzhao is a superb paifang,an archway. The archway across the street stands facing the mountain gate. It is a wooden structure decorated with exquisite colored paintings.


Xilituzhao Palace is the most exquisite preserved temple in Hohhot The magnificent architecture and splendid colored paintings make the palace a tourist resort. AdditionaAy,many religious activities and Buddhist conference are held here every year.

席力图召是呼和浩特保存完好的一个寺庙,壮现的建筑,精彩的绘画使它成为 一个旅游胜地。另外,每年许多宗教活动和佛教会议都在此举行。

3. Wanbu Huayanjing Pagoda( White Pagoda)


Buiff in the Liao Dynasty(916一1125),the Wanbu Huayanjing(Ten Thousand Huayan Buddhist Scriptures)Pagoda is located in the east suburbs about 17 kilometers(11 miles) from Hohhot City. Legend says that about ten thousand volumes of the Huayan Buddhist Scripture once were kept in the pagoda,hence its name. Due to lts white surface,the pagoda is also called the White Pagoda. In 1982,the Wanbu Huoyanjing Pagoda became a national key cultural relic site.


With a height of 55 meters(180 feet),the Wanbu Huayanjing Pagoda is a seven-tier octagonal brick and wood structure. In order to survive earthquakes,many wooden stakes were wedged in the walls to reinforce the structure. Each story of the pagoda consists of the exterior wall,the interior wall and the cloister between them. A spiral staircase connects the stories together and leads to the top of the pagoda. Bronze mirrors are embedded under the eaves of each side of the pagoda. Wind bells hang on the ceiling of the corner of each story and on the rafter of the seventh tier .Approaching the pagoda,tourists can see the bronze mirrors gleaming under the sun and hear the euphonious sound of the wind bells.


On the pedestal are carved beautiful lotus petals. The sculptures of Bodhisattvas,Heavenly Kings and other Buddhist figures are embedded on the surface of the walls of the first and the second tiers. These sculptures are considered to be the finest expressions of the sculpturing art in the Liao Dynasty


Each story of the pagoda has two gates. On the door head of the south gate of the first story is embedded a plaque with the inscription,'Wanbu Huayanjing Pagoda'. Originally,nine Jin Dynasty(1115一1234)steles were preserved on the first floor. Only six remain extant today. Inside the pagoda are also preserved some in scriptions of the Jin,Yuan,Ming and Ding Dynasties which are written in Chinese or languages of other ethnic minorities.


Other Attractions Around the Place


1. Gegentala Grassland


Gegentala Grassland is to the north of Hohhot,within the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. It is the largest and a unique Mongolian scenic spot bearing the Mongolian ethical features of China. In Mongolian‘Gegentala’means a summer resort or the place of grazing in summer. On the grassland .the weather is cool and the natural scenery is fascinating. With thriving grass and abundant water,the green of the grassland reach out as far as your eyes can see.


Colorful wild flowers and flocks of sheep that look like masses of cloud make the scene absolutely beautiful.


Besides the scenery of Gegentala Grassland,visitors can also taste traditional Mongolian food and take part in local activities. While listening to the melodious toasting songs and appreciating traditional Mongolian dances,visitors have the opportunity to taste kumiss,roasted whole sheep and shouba rou(boiled mutton eaten with hands).In traditional Mongolian clothes,visitors can take part in horse race,wrestling and archery which have been popular in Inner Mongolia for thousands of years. At night,people sit around bonfires singing and dancing to their hearts' content. After one day's travel,the Mongol ger,which means home in Mongolian,provides accommodation for the tourist. All these experiences give visitors the true feeling of what life is like on the vast grassland.

游客除了欣赏格根塔拉草原的风景,还可以品尝传统的蒙古美食,参加当地的民俗活动;除了可以欣赏旋律优美的敬酒歌,还可以欣赏传统的蒙古舞,品尝马奶酒,烤羊肉和手抓羊肉。 游客还可以穿着传统的蒙古服装参加赛马比赛、搏斗和射箭,这些活动在内蒙古地区已经流行了几千年。晚上,人们围坐在簧火旁唱歌跳舞,非常尽兴。结束了一天的旅行,游客可以在蒙古包休息。蒙古包对蒙古人而言就是家。所有这些都让游客真真切切地感受着大草原。

To enrich the tourist experience,modern facilities,such as night clubs and luxurious Mongol gers,have been established. Every July or August when flowers are in full bloom and sheep and horses are in their best condition,a tourism festival called Nadam Fair is held(Nadam Fair means entertainment and amusement in Mongolian. It is a traditional grand meeting and also an annual gala event for the Mongolian).This period is also a favorable season for travel.


2. Xilamuren Grassland


Xilamuren Grassland is a typical altiplano prairie,with exuberant grass and vigorous wildflowers in summer and autumn. Situated 100 kilometers (62miles) from Hohhot,the grassland is also known as Zhaohe because of its Lama Puhui Temple. Behind Puhui Temple flows XilamurenRiver, yellow river in Mongolian. Tourists can go across the bridge to Abinlebao Hill to admire the boundless prairie. Aobao,a stone pile,was originally a land mark in the boundless grassland.As the grassland was far away from mountains,people gradually began to regard aobao as a mountain where they could worship gods. Such worship ceremonies can last several days and are also used as an opportunity for young people to date.The famous folk song Date at aobao may be a product of this custom. It is also said that if you pick up a stone and walk around aobao three times in a clock wise direction,make a wish,and then put the stone back at aobao ,your wish will be fulfilled


Xilamuren Grassland is the first grassland tourist attraction opened in Hohhot.Xilamuren,which means ‘yellow water’in Mongolian,is also known as Taihe of ter PuhuiTemple,a Lama temple built in 1769 in the Qing Dynasty(1644一1911).


The best time to visit the grassland is in summer and autumn.At this time of year, the pleasant climate,the blue sky and white clouds,the rolling grass,the wandering flocks and herds,the passionate herdsmen and their Mongolian food will undoubtedly leave you with a deep impression. During the Nadam Festival held every summer,tourists can enjoy a series of different activities including camel riding, horse racing,wrestling , archery,a camp fire party and singing and dancing.You can even take part in some of the competitions that you are interested in.


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