Mount Lushan is 36 kilometers south of Jiujiang City，Jiangxi Province. It lies south of Yangtze River and west of Poyang Lake.The scenic area covers 350 square kilometers with the buffer zone reaching out for 500 square kilometers. Mt Lushan is well known since ancient times for its magnificence，marvel，precipice，and grace.
Mt Lushan has plenty of scenic attractions，including the Wulaofeng(Five El erly Men Peaks)， Xianrendong(Immortal's Cavern)and the White Deer Cave Academy.The White Deer Cave Academy was one of the earliest institutes of higher learning in China. It was first built by Li Bo，an official of Tang Dynasty(618- 907)at the beginning of the seventh century and was extended during the Song Dynasty(960一1279)It was ore of the four largest academies in China，and teachers such as Zhu Xi and Lu Xiiangshan，philosophers of the Southern Song Dynasty(1127一1279)，had many students here.
Mt Lushan has also the unusual glacial traces of the Quarernary Period,and a rich collection of landforms such as rivers，lakes，slopes，and peaks，regarded as a garden of geology. It has 171 peaks recognized with a name long ago，of which the summit Dahanyang Peak rises up for 1474m above sea level .Scattered among the peaks are 26 ridges and hills，20 ravines and gullies，16 caves，and 22 groups of grotesque rocks. Waters gush down the mountain and form 22 falls ，18 streams，and 14 ponds or fakes. Its Three-stepped Fall is reputed worldwide and has a height difference as big as 155m.
Mt Lushan has a wealth of biological resources in an integrated ecological system. About 76.6% of the area is covered with forests， providing a paradise for over 3 000 species of plants，2 000 insects， 171 birds，and 33 animals. At the foot there is also the Poyang Lake Migrant Birds Reserve，protecting the largest community of white crane in the world，and other rare birds such as white-napped crane and white head stork, amounting to over 4 000 individuals.
庐山物资源丰富，生态系统完整。森林覆盖率达76.6%，植物有3000余种，昆虫2 000余种， 鸟类171种，兽类33种。山麓还有鄱阳湖候鸟保护区，保护区内发现了世界上最大的白鹤群以及白枕鹤、白头鹤等珍稀鸟类，总数达4000多只。
The climate of Mt Lushan is that of subtropical monsoon，typical of mountainous areas Tfre temperature drops as the mountain rises higher. In summer it isexceptionally cool , and has long been reputed as a world famous resort from the summer heat.
Mt Lushan is a holy site of religions as well，and in one mountain there hosts five major religions of the world. Well preserved in Mt Lushan are over 20 sites of ancient times，as well as 600 or more sites of the mediaeval times. The scenic quarters boast for its 16 natural wonders ,474 sites of interest，900 cliff inscriptions， 300 stone steles,and 600 villas of modern times in various Chinese or foreign styles.
Mt Lushan is recognized as one of the first group of the key scenic sites in China. In 1991 it was award with the honor of one of the“Top Forty tourism sites of China".In December of 1996，Mt Lushan was inscribed in the World Heritage List. as a world natural scenery. And in February，2004，Mt Lushan National Geopark was approved by UNESCO as a site of the World Geological Parks on its list of World Network of Geoparks.