商务英语 学英语,练听力,上听力课堂! 注册 登录
> 商务英语 > BEC中级 >  列表

BEC中级阅读热点新闻精选:(24)英国最低工资减少工资差别

所属教程:BEC中级

浏览:

lixiao

随身学
扫描二维码方便学习和分享
英国最低工资减少工资差别

牛津大学(Oxford University)的一份报告显示,引入最低工资已导致薪资级别受到挤压,这“在消除工资差别,同时在影响对高技能的奖赏和激励。”

The introduction of the minimum wage has led to pay levels being compressed, “destroying differentials and removing rewards and incentives for improving skills”, according to a report by Oxford University.

英国零售商协会(British Retail Consortium)委托进行的这项研究显示,接待行业96%的员工以及零售和批发行业75%的员工拿到的都是最低工资,今年10月,英国最低工资将升至时薪5.35英镑至5.52英镑。

The study, commissioned by the British Retail Consortium, found that 96 per cent of workers in the hospitality industry and 75 per cent of retail and wholesale workers earned the minimum wage, which is due to rise from £5.35 to £5.52 an hour in October.

自1999年实行最低工资标准以来,英国最低工资已提高46%,为逾100万员工提供了经济安全保障。欧盟(EU)统计机构欧盟统计局(Eurostat)的一份报告显示,在20个欧盟成员国中,英国最低工资水平排名第三,几乎是美国联邦标准的两倍。

Britain’s minimum wage, which has risen by 46 per cent since it was introduced in 1999, provides a financial safety net for more than 1m workers. It is the third highest out of 20 European Union nations and almost twice the US federal level according to a report from Eurostat, the EU’s statistical arm.

英国零售商协会表示,低收入委员会(Low Pay Commission)确定最低工资水平的方法,应考虑到一个事实:即最低工资已成为数十万员工的工资标准,而非基本工资基数。

The BRC says the way rates are set by the Low Pay Commission should take into the account the fact that the minimum wage has become the norm rather than a basic pay floor for hundreds of thousands of workers.

英国零售商协会会长凯文?霍金斯(Kevin Hawkins)表示,遏制通胀因素的最低工资涨幅已开始影响到雇主创造新就业岗位的能力。英国零售商协会表示,低收入委员会不应“试图成为雇主和工会不同出价之间的裁判”,而是应以各行业薪资中值和生产率的变化为指引。

Inflation-busting rises have begun to undermine the ability of employers to create new jobs, says Kevin Hawkins, BRC director-general. The Low Pay Commission instead of “trying to act as a referee between conflicting bids from employers and unions” should be guided by movements in median wages and productivity in individual sectors, says BRC.

英国零售商协会警告称:“许多雇主,特别是那些在零售业等竞争激烈、普遍处于通缩市场上经营的雇主,发现他们的薪资结构受到了挤压。因此,那些出钱培训员工、支持员工再教育、并希望能够认可并奖励员工新增技能和技能提高的企业,无力做到这些。”

It warns: “Many employers, particularly those who operate in fiercely competitive and generally deflationary markets such as retailing, have seen their pay structures compressed. As a result, those who invest in training their staff and supporting further education and who want to be able to recognise and reward new and enhanced skills are un-able to do so.”

薪资福利专业机构IDS 2005年年底进行的一项研究显示,在引入最低工资制后,超市已削减了薪资等级的数量,在一家超市,已“引入了单一的副主管薪资等级”。

A study at the end of 2005 by IDS, the pay and benefits specialists, reported that supermarkets had reduced the number of pay grades and in one case had “introduced a single sub-supervisor grade” following the introduction of the minimum wage.

英国零售商协会表示:“如果最低工资继续以近来的平均速度增长,那么就业率将下降,雇主也会发现自己无力奖励技能高超的员工、保持薪资差距并提供宝贵的非薪资福利。包括零售业在内的多个行业已感受到这些影响。”

The BRC said: “If the minimum wage continues to grow at its recent average rate, employment will fall and employers will find themselves unable to reward skills, preserve wage differentials and provide valued non-wage benefits. These effects are already being felt in several sectors, including retail.”

然而,英国职工大会(TUC)秘书长弗朗西斯?奥格拉迪(Frances O’Grady)表示:“最低工资标准已发挥了作用,因为这个标准由低收入委员会确定,该委员会将雇主和工会代表组织在一起,讨论对英国经济最为有利的政策。用机械的指数来替代这一成功的合作过程,将是愚蠢的。”

Frances O’Grady, TUC general secretary, however, said: “The minimum wage has worked because the rate has been determined by the Low Pay Commission, which brings employer and trade union representatives to-gether to discuss what will work best for the UK economy. It would be foolish to replace this successful partnership process with a mere mechanical index.

“英国零售商协会一贯认为,对于零售业而言,最低工资标准的每一次提高都是一场灾难。而事实是,零售业的就业率已升至创纪录的水平。”

“The BRC has consistently predicted that every increase in the minimum wage will be a disaster for the retail sector. The truth is that employment in retailing has grown to record levels.”


内容来自 听力课堂网:http://www.tingclass.net/show-7832-308110-1.html
用手机学英语,请加听力课堂微信公众号:tingclass123
用户搜索

疯狂英语 英语语法 新概念英语 走遍美国 四级听力 英语音标 英语入门 发音 美语 四级 新东方 七年级 赖世雄 zero是什么意思

订阅每日学英语:

  • 频道推荐
  • |
  • 全站推荐
  • 广播听力
  • |
  • 推荐下载
  • 网站推荐
0.078125